Presentation on theme: "Urban More than 100 people living together in a city or town City Group of more than 10 000 people can be considered a city Metropolitan Area A large."— Presentation transcript:
Urban More than 100 people living together in a city or town City Group of more than 10 000 people can be considered a city Metropolitan Area A large city (>100 000 people) and the attached urban areas not directly part of the city
There are 3 basic ways that a city starts Transportation “stop” areas Central Location Industry
Example- Montreal- at the junction of the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers
City develops at a central location that providing market and services for surrounding areas Ex. Saskatoon & Regina Sask.
Cities are also built around a specific industry Ex. Sudbury is a mining town
Some cities grow so large they incorporate all of the factors and become multipurpose cities
Have you ever wondered why Lindsay is where it is? Why not 10km east where Downeyville is? Why did Edmonton grow to be such a large city, so far north?
There are 3 Main Reasons On transportation route (water is the most important) In a time before there were established roads and rail lines, people and goods travelled by water Reasonably flat Close to some form of industry (mining, forestry, fishing)
Some cities depend on one urban function for their economic base Manufacturing City Transportation Hub Tourist City Government Centre Resource-based Community
These cities began because people starting living near the factories where they could find jobs Ex. Sarnia- oil based manufacturing centre
Cities established and grew because they provided important transportation functions Ex. Thunder Bay- it’s location allowed for grain and raw materials to be brought from the west by train and loaded onto cargo ships and shipped to Eastern Canada and beyond.
Usually develop as a result of a physical or human feature Ex. Banff Ex. Niagara Falls
Provide services to people at a local, regional or national level Ex. Fredricton- founded in 1783 by UAL and was a designated town site for military and government buildings. It eventually became the capitol city to the then British colony
Many communities owe their existence to the presence of a rich natural resource Ex. Yellowknife- grew primarily because of the discovery of gold
Used for commercial activity- buying and selling of goods and services in retail business There are 6 different levels of Commercial Land Use Local Service Centres Neighbourhood Plazas and Ribbons Community Shopping Centres Power Centres Regional Shopping Centres Central Business District
After note please complete the Commercial Land use work sheet
Used for things like factories, warehousing and shipping products Industrial areas tend to be located on the outskirts of town and close to major transportation routes- highways, rail lines, etc.
Include things like schools, hospitals, government offices and places of worship
This includes things like sports fields, parks, playgrounds, golf courses, fair grounds, community centres, arenas and green belts
This is where people live Largest use of land in cities Residential density refers to the number of housing units per hectare 2 factors influence this:cost of land and age of neighbourhood What kind of neighbourhood do you live in