2 Injury Prevention at Home and at School Accidents at HomeFalls, Fires, Electrical shock, poisoningSafety in ClassViolence at SchoolViolence- Using force to hurt someone or to cause damageGun SafetyAvoid guns, lock them up, huntingSeven ways to protect yourselfThink before you act, pay attention, know your limits, practice refusal skills, use safety equipment, change risky behavior, change risky situations
3 Fire safety Fire prevention and detection How to put out small fires Smoke detector- an alarm that detects smoke from a fireCheck batteriesCheck to see if workingHow to put out small firesFire extinguisher- a device that releases chemials to put out a fire3 different types
4 Safety on the Road Safety while walking Safety on wheel Vehicle safety Use sidewalksWalk facing trafficUse crosswalksLook both waysMake sure driver can se youAvoid walking at nightNo headphonesSafety on wheelWear safety equipmentPay attention to trafficFollow the rules of roadWear proper attireRide in designated areasRide with a friendAvoid night ridingVehicle safetyBus safety
5 Safety Outdoors Safety on a cold day Hypothermia- a below normal body temperatureFrostbite- is damage to skin and other tissues that is caused by extreme coldSafety on a hot dayHeat exhaustion- a condition caused by too much water loss through sweating on a hot dayHeatstroke- is an injury that happens when the body cannot control its temperature.Playing safeDrink water, use sunscreen, watch weather
6 Natural disasters Earthquakes A shaking of the earth’s surface caused by movement along a break in the Earth’s crustNatural disasters- natural events that widespread injury, death, and property damage.Tornadoes and hurricanesTornado- a spinning column of air that has a high wind speed and touches the ground.Hurricane- a large spinning tropical weather system with wind speeds of at least 74mphFlood- is an overflowing of water into areas that are normally dryFlash flood- a flood with no warningBe prepared!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
7 Deciding to Give First Aid Emergency- a sudden event that demands immediate actionHandling an EmergencyCheck the situationCall for helpCare for victimFirst aid- emergency medical care for someone who has been hurt or who is sick.
8 Making an emergency phone call Dial 9-1-1The three pieces of information that you will need to know:Your name and locationThe type of emergencyThe condition of anyone who is hurtWhat you’ve done to help the victimStay calmDon’t hang up first
9 Abdominal Thrust and Rescue Breathing Abdominal Thrusts- actions that apply pressure to a choking person’s stomach to force an object out of his or her throatFirst Aid for choking infants(pg 394)First Aid for choking adults(pg 395)Rescue Breathing for adultsRescue breathing- an emergency technique in which a rescuer gives air to someone who is not breathingCardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR)- an emergency technique used to save a victim who isn’t breathing and who doesn’t have a heart beat.Rescue breathing for small children
10 First Aid for Injuries Bleeding Burns Poisoning Severity determines first aidPoisoningFractures-broken or cracked boneDislocations- when a bone is forced out of its normal positionHead, Neck, and Back Injuries