® Corporate View of Wireless Mobility Mobile Workforce By 2006, 66% of US workers will be classified as “mobile workers” Source: IDC, 7/02 Productivity Up to 8 hours/week added productivity with wireless- enabled notebook. Source Gartner 2001 1 With integrated wireless on Intel ® Centrino™ Mobile Technology, add an additional productivity gain of almost $500 per month. Source: IDC, 2/03 Corporate Wireless 47M business notebooks with WLAN by 2005 Source: IDC, 2002 Decreasing TCO TCO fell 29%, 1998-2001 Source: Gartner Group, 2001 1 Results of three independent studies showed that notebook users averaged around eight hours of new productivity per week when they received wireless networking capability: "Benefits and TCO of Notebook Computing," Gartner Consulting, '01; "Wireless LANs: Improving Productivity and Quality of Life," Sage Research, '01; Study prepared for Cisco* by NOP World-Technology, '01. Expected to be productive everywhere
® … and so are today’s students Today’s students are extremely mobile. Between classes, jobs, and their social lives, they’re always on the move – but always in touch. The mobile generation has arrived… Are We Ready?
® 10 years ago Less than 7 Million Internet Users Virtually 0 home broadband connections More than 600 Million connected users 50 Million with Wi-Fi Over 100 Million broadband connections Today 10 years from now Broadband wireless everywhere Every computer with wireless broadband More than 500 Million broadband connections More than 100 Million mobile broadband users The Future of Broadband How do we get there? Not with wires
® Global Wireless Standards IEEE 802.15 – Bluetooth* WAN MAN LAN PAN ETSI* HiperPAN* IEEE 802.11 – WirelessLAN* ETSI HiperLAN* IEEE 802.16 - 2004 ETSI HiperMAN* AND HIPERACCESS* IEEE 802.20 (proposed) 3GPP*, 3GPP2*, EDGE (GSM*) * Trademarks or servicemarks are the property of their respective owners. The sweet spot for each standard is unique There will be overlap at the edges IEEE 802.16 -e
® Wireless Technologies Achieving universal connectivity UWBWiFi WiMAX (802.16d) 3G (WCDMA) Range Up to 30 FeetUp to 300 Feet Max: 30 miles Typical: 4-6 miles Typical: 1-5 miles Throughput 110-480 Mb/sec 11-54 Mb/sec up to 75 Mb/sec+ up to 2Mb/sec Functionality Personal Area Networks Local Area Networks Metropolitan Area Networks Wide Area Networks Usage Model Multi-media / in- home device data transfers Mobility / Enterprise connectivity Wireless Broadband / DSL & Cable Replacement Highest mobility / voice + data applications Timing 2005Today2005Today
® WiMAX Poised to Dominate US$3.7B market for Broadband Access Telecom Web, May, 2004 A Solid Start… * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others McCaw Plans Wireless Challenge to Cable, DSL Wi-Fi Planet, June, 2004 WiMAX will be key to BT’s 21 st Century Network Project ZDNet UK, June, 2004 Sting Brings WiMAX-in-a-box to India CIOL, July, 2004 Intel Advances WiMAX in China Internetnews.com, June 9, 2004 Georgia County Pilots WiMAX Wireless Network Government Technology, June, 2004
® Broadband Wireless Market Development Proprietary deployments to date small compared to overall growth potential Fixed Access deployments focused, targeted Standardization leads to interoperability, integration, and globalization Addition of mobile laptop and HH clients changes business case, creates new portable and mobility services
® BWA Services Evolution Fixed Outdoor Fixed Indoor Portability Mobility Each transition has effect on the network, client equipment, and airlink technology 2003 2004 2005 2006
® BWA Standards Evolution Pre- Standard 802.16d 802.16e Market development and emerging needs will drive transitions and application of standards. 2003 2004 2005
® BWA Client Evolution Fixed Outdoor CPE Fixed Indoor CPE Laptop PC PDAs/ Handheld Standards will enable low cost, low power clients. These will drive new services 2003 2004 2005 2006
® 1980s1990s2000 Volume Ethernet (802.3) 2010 10Mbps 100Mbps 1Gbps 10Gbps 2Mbps 11Mbps 54Mbps IEEE ModelProprietary Model Investments in Innovations 100’s of companies 1000’s of engineers Single company limits the pace of innovation Cost/Price Dynamics Volume, innovations & competition drives cost/pricing down Ability & Motivation for lower cost/pricing lacking (802.16) Other names or brands may be claimed as the property of their respective owners Carriers: next generation data networks will be OFDMA based - - WiMAX is the only OFDMA WWAN Standard Carriers: next generation data networks will be OFDMA based - - WiMAX is the only OFDMA WWAN Standard (802.11) Two critical elements of success IEEE standardization & client integration
® Integration Will Drive Adoption Requires Low Cost & Worldwide SKU Source: Intel Total Notebook PCs (Mu) Wi-Fi Enabled Notebooks (Mu) WiMAX Enabled Notebooks (Mu) WiMAX Inflection Point
® Intel strategy Focus on mobile client end state Enable standards and interoperability Drive licensed & license exempt market development Deliver building blocks & enable platforms
® Operators Vision for Wireless Broadband Data - Grounds-Up designed for Wireless IP Data services - Better than 1+ Mbps Performance - Mobility for Data & hooks for mobility for Real time Services (i.e. Voice) - Hooks for VoIP Transport (IP QoS) - Integrated wireless backhaul capability - Initial devices: Desktop modem, PCMCIA card, Handset - Long term (2+ years): Embedded into all broadband capable consumer devices - 10x performance/cost advantage to current 3G systems 3G systems = current WCDMA (i..e EVDO, etc)
® WiMAX Forum Charter: - Ensure interoperability of IEEE* 802.16 and other interoperable (ETSI HiperMAN*) systems Based upon market requirements, reduce the breadth of the IEEE* 802.16 standard so that interoperability can be achieved - Multi-company process to create certification test suites - Based upon ISO/IEC 9646 process Host interoperability events Enable certification on a worldwide basis - Provide WiMAX Certified* stamp of approval for compliant equipment +120 members today
® Equipment Manufacturers Industry Momentum Service Providers NEOTEC * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others Intel Confidential
® Many market models Markets WiMAX™ Advantages WISPs Lower Network CapEx Hot Spot Providers Lower backhaul OpEx Wireline DSL fill-in, Compete w/cable, Approach new markets Wireless Data revenue, Portable/Mobile BB to differentiate from DSL Cable Providers Broadband data service to SME Large ISPs Alternative last mile (partner w/network Operator) New Entrants (e.g. Railroads, Retailers) Leverage existing assets to deliver broadband service Satellite Compete with Cable. Need alternative last mile for uplink.
® Map of Freq/Biz Model/Standard Access Network 802.16-2004 Early ’05 Portable Network Subset of 802.16e Mid ’06 Mobile Network 802.16e Late ‘07 4G Data Overlays w/ Voice (DSL Extension or alternative last mile) Freq 3.5 GHz & Up Licensed & Unlicensed Volume: 100’s K low millions Low cost network ($5K BTS) RG focus Business Models TYPICALLY aligned by Frequency BusinessModels Dense Cell Overlay Mobile Voice, Data, Video Freq 2.5 GHz & Below Licensed Deployments Volume: Low millions ? Low to Mid cost networks Handheld and Notebook focus SOFDMA Based Networks 802.16-2004 Early 802.16e network Mobile 802.16e network Mobile 802.16e network All dates, products and features are subject to change without notice
® Intel Roadmap Mapped to Usage Models Enhanced Advanced Antenna Options Early Advanced Antenna Options OFDM PHY Fixed Deployable Q2’05 PHY MAC NTWK 802.16e OFDMA PHY 802.16-2004 MAC802.16e Mobile MAC Wireless “DSL” Network 802.16-2004802.16e Fixed/Portable/Mobile 802.16e Portable MAC “DSL” On The Go Network Build off WiFi Hotspot Software Upgrade Air Fixed/Portable Deployable Q2’06 Mobile Deployable Q4‘07 E2E Network Infrastructure Migration Rosedale (5116) Client BS 3rd Party Phy IXP xxxx Ofer Sebastapol IXP xxxx Eshel Presence on both sides of the link Tomales IXP xxxx All dates, products and features are subject to change without notice
® Network Tradeoffs (Sub)UrbanRural 802.16e Network 802.16-2004 Network Fixed Access usage model Early Deployment (’05) Fixed Access, Portable and Mobile data broadband usage models Later Deployment (’06) Urban Core All products, dates, plans and features are preliminary and subject to change without notice.
® WiMAX Network Deployments Options Fixed Access, MetroZone, Mobile WiFi Metro Small Towns Rural FIXED MOBILE PORTABLE
® Mature Market Rollout PHASE 1 H1’05 5.8GHz Urban Metro Small Towns & Rural WISPs deploy 802.16d opportunistically in high return areas - fixed Suburbs PHASE 2 H2’05 2.5/3.5GHz PHASE 2 2006 2.5/3.5GHz Fixed carriers deploy 802.16d in underserved areas – fixed portable Mobile carriers deploy 802.16e in metro areas – full mobility Campus-wide networks for education fit in this space
® Emerging Market Rollout PHASE 1 H1’05 5.8GHz Urban Metro Suburbs Small Towns & Rural Fixed carriers begin deployment in areas of highest return - fixed PHASE 2 H2’05 2.5/3.5GHz PHASE 2 2006 2.5/3.5GHz Mobile carriers deploy 802.16e in metro areas – full mobility Fixed carriers deploy 802.16d in metro areas – fixed portability Campus-wide networks for education fit in this space
® How Broadband Wireless Is Applied To Education Two implementation models - Campus wide deployment Similar to current WiFi deployments, but with a single or few BS’s Likely applicable to large campuses - Wide Area coverage Colleges/schools covered by ubiquitous coverage of town or city Initially part of a community drive for broadband coverage
® Example: Houston Co., GA drive for WiMAX Deployment Declaration: “Want GA to be the first state to be 100% covered by WiMAX” – GA Governor Sunny Perdue Community recognizes Digital Divide, and aggressively moves to close gap. Enables community-based applications - Safety - Healthcare - Intelligent transportation - Education
® Example: Houston Co., GA drive for WiMAX Deployment Focus on education for broadband connectivity Pilot project driven by Mike Hall, State Superintendent for IT - 4 base stations - Coverage area ~ 250 sq mi, entire county - Estimated cost ~$750K - Intel, Siemens, Alvarion, Bell South Education applications applications - Anywhere, anytime learning - Broadband connectivity to all schools - Intelligent transportation tracking of buses - Improve student computer utilization and expertise
® Conclusions Major market growth for BWA remains ahead. Emerging networks will support fixed access, portable, and mobile services Standardization leads to interoperability, integration, and globalization Campus based WiMAX networks can be a effective compliment to IT and wireless strategies for education in 12-36 months. Successful business cases and community advocacy will drive wide spread adoption of WiMAX BWA.
® Additional Information Intel and WiMAX: - www.intel.com/go/wimax www.intel.com/go/wimax WiMAX Forum: - www.wimaxforum.org www.wimaxforum.org
® Wide Area Network Long Range: Campus, Town, State Example: WiMAX, 3G Data Rate: Up to 5 Mbps Applications: Remote access to email, School networks and Internet Wireless Landscape Personal Area Network Short Range: Desk, Room Example: BlueTooth Data Rate: Up to 1 Mbps Applications: Cable Replacement, Proximity Docking, Automatic Data Synchronization Local Area Network Medium Range: Building/Campus Example: 802.11b, a, g Data Rate: Up to 54 Mbps Applications: Local access to Email, School networks Wireless is a matter of distance…. Miles 100 ~ 300” <100’
® IEEE* 802.16, 802.11-Mesh and 3G Comparison 802.11 based Wi-Fi Mesh 802.16a/REVd (802.16-2004) 802.16e3G Completed Already in the market 802.16a: Jan 2003 802.16-2004: Q3’04 Estimate 2H’05 Already in the market Spectrum 2.4 and 5.8Ghz Std. Wi-Fi to client Proprietary - QoS and Inter-AP data protocols < 11 GHz Rosedale: 2.5Ghz, 3.5 GHz Licensed and 5.8Ghz Unlicensed < 11 GHz ( <6 GHz practical) Licensed (& Unlicensed) WCDMA / UMTS 1800,1900, and 2100MHz CDMA2000 / 1XEVDO 400, 800, 1700, 1800, 1900 and 2100MHz Channel Conditions CSMA - No QoS 802.11e QoS - 2005 802.11s Mesh - 2007 Non Line of Sight Grant-request based MAC enables QoS Non Line of Sight Grant-request based MAC enables QoS Non Line of Sight Peak Raw data rate And channel bandwidth Up to 54Mbps (802.11a /802.11g) Up 11Mbps (802.11b) 20MHz fixed channel bandwidth Up to 75 Mbps with 20MHz channels 4-18 Mbps in 5 MHz channels Flexible channel bandwidths between 1.25 and 20 MHz Up to 75 Mbps with 20MHz channels. Full mobility: 80% performance of fixed usage model. Flexible channel bandwidths between 1.25 and 20 MHz Up to 10Mbps HSDPA Up to Up to 2Mbps WCDMA/UMTS Up to 2.5Mbps CDMA2000 / 1XEVDO Channel bandwidth depends on technology Modulation DSSS, OFDMOFDM 256Scalable OFDMA (128–2k)WCDMA, CDMA2000 Mobility Local Area PortabilityFixed Nomadic pedestrian, portability, mobility – Regional Roaming Mobility –Regional Roaming Typical Cell Radius Up to 300 FT / 100M5-8 km (freq. dependent) Max range up to 50km based on tower height, antenna gain and power transmit 1-5 Km (indoor) 2-7Km (outdoor) 1-5miles (7Km)