A. Background Author: John, the “one Jesus loved” Brother of James and son of Zebedee Date: 90s AD. First of five books: 1, 2, 3 John, & Revelation Audience: Shunned Jewish-Christians Against the Gnostic Cerinthus Themes: Full Deity and Humanity of Jesus Eternal life to all who believe (Jn 3:16) Miracles as Signs to elicit faith in Christ Election and Security of the Believer
B. Exegesis: Isaiah 9:2-7 2 The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of deep darkness a light has dawned. 3 You have enlarged the nation and increased their joy; they rejoice before you as people rejoice at the harvest, as warriors rejoice when dividing the plunder. 4 For as in the day of Midian’s defeat, you have shattered the yoke that burdens them, the bar across their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor. 5 Every warrior’s boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire.
B. Exegesis: John 1:1-5 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. 4 In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
B. Exegesis: Isaiah 9:6-7 6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 7 Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this.
B. Exegesis: John 1:14-18 14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 (John testified concerning him. He cried out, saying, “This is the one I spoke about when I said, ‘He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.’”) 16 Out of his fullness we have all received grace in place of grace already given. 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.
C. Questions When John describes Jesus as “the Word” and “the Light,” what is he trying to tell the world about Jesus?
C. Questions How could Jesus be there in the beginning when the world was created?
C. Questions What does this statement mean: “In him was life, and that life was the light of all people”?
C. Questions What are some of the dark parts of our world and our own lives where Jesus’ light is needed?
C. Questions What can a person do to shine the Light into his or her own lives, and the Light to others?