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Partners in Literacy Arkansas Parent Training and Information Network/Arkansas State Improvement Grant 1123 S. University, #225, Little Rock, AR 72204.

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Presentation on theme: "Partners in Literacy Arkansas Parent Training and Information Network/Arkansas State Improvement Grant 1123 S. University, #225, Little Rock, AR 72204."— Presentation transcript:

1 Partners in Literacy Arkansas Parent Training and Information Network/Arkansas State Improvement Grant 1123 S. University, #225, Little Rock, AR Fax Website

2 What is Parent Involvement? The participation of parents in regular, two-way, and meaningful communication involving student academic learning and other school activities. NCLB Act 2002 Sec. 101 [32]

3 What is Literacy? - The ability to speak, listen, read and write. - The ability to locate, evaluate, use and communicate meaning using a wide range of resources including text, visual, audio and video sources.

4 What is Literacy?

5 What ALL Parents Can DO! TALK with your child and ask your child questions READ to your child and let your child read to you

6 Skill Teaching Strategy Step 1. I DO (Parent demonstrates) Repeat as needed Step 2. WE DO (Parent with Child) Repeat together until child understands what to do Step 3. YOU DO (Child) Repeat many times until child can do it well. If needed, start again at step 1 or 2

7 Phonological Awareness Definition - The understanding that spoken language is made up of individual and separate sounds Phonological awareness activities can involve work with rhymes, words, sentences, syllables, and phonemes.

8 Phonological Awareness Activities 1. Oral Rhyming (cat rat sat) Read poetry and other rhyming books. (Humpty Dumpty) When reading a familiar rhyme, stop before a rhyming word and ask your child to say the word. 2. Syllable awareness in spoken words Clap parts of words. Start with your childs name. 3. Phonemic awareness (an essential element) Individual sounds in spoken words is a part of phonological awareness.

9 Five Essential Elements of Literacy The BIG IDEAS 1. Phonemic Awareness 2. Phonics 3. Fluency 4. Vocabulary 5. Comprehension

10 Five Big Ideas of Literacy Phonemic Awareness – The ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. – The ability to hear, identify and manipulate the individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words.

11 Phonemes Phonemes are the smallest parts of spoken language that make a difference in the meanings of words. – For example, changing the first phoneme (or first sound) in the word hat from /h/ to /b/ changes the word from hat to bat, and so changes the meaning of the word.

12 Phonemic Awareness Children need to learn – The spoken word consists of individual sounds or phonemes – How the sounds work: 1. segment (break apart) into sounds 2. blend (put back together) 3. manipulate (add, delete & substitute). Instruction in phonemic awareness skills helps children learn to read and spell. They understand that letters and sounds are related in a predictable way.

13 Phonemic Awareness Activities 1. Isolation-Individual sounds in a word. What is the first sound in van? /v/ 2. Categorization-Child recognizes the word in a set of 2 to 4 words that has the odd or different beginning sound. Which word doesnt belong? bus, bun, rug. rug 3. Blending-Blend sounds into words. What word is /s/ /u/ /n/? sun

14 Phonemic Awareness Activities 4. Segmentation-Break words into separate sounds, say each sound as your child taps or counts it. fish = /f/ /i/ /sh/ (3 sounds) 5. Addition-Make a new word by adding a phoneme. What word do you have if you add /s/ to the beginning of the word park? (S PARK) SPARK 6. Substitution-Substitute one phoneme for another to make a new word. The word is BUG. Change /g/ to /n/. Whats the new word? BUN

15 Five Big Ideas of Literacy Phonics instruction (Alphabetic Principle) There is a predictable relationship between phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (writing) Knowledge of the Alphabetic Principle contributes greatly to a childs ability to read words both in isolation and in connected text.

16 Phonics Activities Practice saying the names and sounds of letters with your child. Match pictures of familiar things with the letters representing the beginning, middle and ending sounds. (shout, shirt, shell) Ask your child to sound out each syllable when he or she comes to an unfamiliar word, then put the syllables together to make the word. (sy lla ble = syllable) sh

17 Five Big Ideas of Literacy Fluency and Accuracy – The ability to read text accurately and quickly; not hurried reading. Provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension Readers who have not yet developed fluency read slowly, word by word. Their oral reading is choppy and labored.

18 Fluency Activities Read with your child everyday, smoothly pointing to words as you read. Read a story, poem or play to your child, with expression. Then ask him to read the same page out loud to you. Ask your child to read familiar stories over and over. See if she can read the story more quickly and smoothly over time.

19 Five Big Ideas of Literacy Vocabulary - Understanding what words mean by themselves and in sentences. Oral Vocabulary refers to words that we use in speaking or recognize in listening Reading Vocabulary refers to words we recognize or use in print.

20 Vocabulary Activities TALK with your child during everyday activities and include your child in a variety of activities. Look through a book before reading a story and ask your child to use words to describe the pictures. Use your childs textbook and talk to him about the vocabulary/words being studied. Make refrigerator magnet words.

21 Five Big Ideas of Literacy Comprehension – Understanding what has been read. Comprehension is the reason for reading! If readers can read the words, but do not understand what they are reading, they are not really reading.

22 Comprehension Students need to learn how to: Understand and remember what they read Relate their own knowledge or experience to text Communicate with others about what they read Use comprehension strategies

23 Comprehension Activities While traveling, ask questions about landmarks, reasons people might live in certain areas, etc. Think out loud to your child when you are doing things around the house. Check out books from the library with your child. Read the books title, or look at the pictures, and ask what he or she thinks the book is about. Ask your child to retell parts of a story to you after reading together. Allow your child to read and carry out favorite recipes.


25 Assistive Technology for Literacy Improve Functional Capabilities Low Tech Mid Tech Fat Pencil Book stand Magnifier Light Tape Recorder and earphones Computer and keyboard optionsMouse options Hi Tech

26 Resources for You Your childs teacher Parent Facilitators in every public school Parent Centers in every public school Public Library

27 Ideas to Build Your Childs Reading Skills Literacy Activities for Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, Comprehension Sight Words for Lower and Upper Elementary Levels Download at 3 Levels of Brochures

28 Put Reading First Helping Your Child Learn to Read Parent Brochure for Preschool thru Grade 3 (English and Spanish) Order booklet: or can download at -3.html -3.html

29 A Child Becomes a Reader Parent Booklet for Kindergarten thru Grade 3 OR Birth through Preschool Order from or can download at 3.html 3.html

30 Helping Your Child Become a Reader Parent Booklet for Birth through age 6+ (English and Spanish) DOWNLOAD ONLY: download at

31 Resources for You Internet Websites On-line Early Childhood activities in English, Spanish, German and French Reading Rockets Activities and tip sheets for pre-school through 3 rd grade in English and Spanish Compact for Reading & School-Home Links Printable activities for grades K-3rd (100 each) in English and Spanish

32 Resources for You Internet Websites The Arkansas Family Literacy Partnership Including AR Even Start Family Literacy. 4 In-depth videos. DIBELS Parent Brochure gives basic assessment information Special Education IDEA changes and downloadable literacy brochures Special-Kids Group for Arkansas families who have children with special needs. Parents helping parents.

33 Resources for You Internet Websites Arkansas Literacy Intervention Matrix Classroom lessons/interventions and possible modifications for the five essential areas of literacy for grades K - 4, 5 - 8, and Lessons are linked to Arkansas Frameworks and include activities for students in need of Tier I, II, III, IV and V level of support.

34 Resources for You Internet Websites Family Center on Technology and Disability Arkansas State Improvement Grant: Arkansas Disability Coalition (ADC) and PTI (AR Parent Training and Information Network) or A non-profit organization working with parents of children with disabilities to develop self-advocacy skills and improve communication between home and school.

35 Any More Questions? Please turn in your evaluations before you leave Thank you!

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