# EXAMPLE 2 Identifying Prime and Composite Numbers

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EXAMPLE 2 Identifying Prime and Composite Numbers Write all the factors of the number and tell whether it is prime or composite. Number Factors Prime or Composite? a 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 composite b 1, 3, 13, 39 composite c 1, 43 prime d 1, 2, 4, 19, 38, 76 composite e 1, 149 prime f 1, 11, 121 composite

EXAMPLE 3 Writing Prime Factorization Write the prime factorization of 450. Three factor trees are shown. Notice that each factor tree produces the same prime factorization, differing only in the order of the factors. So, 450 =

EXAMPLE 3 Writing Prime Factorization ANSWER Using exponents, the prime factorization of 450 is 2 • 32 • 52

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 2 and 3 6. 24 Tell whether the number is prime or composite. If it is composite, write its prime factorization using exponents. Composite; It has positive factors other then 1 and itself. ANSWER Using exponents, the prime factorization of 24 is 23 • 3

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 2 and 3 7. 51 Tell whether the number is prime or composite. If it is composite, write its prime factorization using exponents. Composite; It has positive factors other then 1 and itself. ANSWER Using exponents, the prime factorization of 51 is 3 • 17

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 2 and 3 8. 73 Tell whether the number is prime or composite. If it is composite, write its prime factorization using exponents. ANSWER Prime; only positive factors are 1 and itself.

GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 2 and 3 9. 560 Tell whether the number is prime or composite. If it is composite, write its prime factorization using exponents. Composite; It has positive factors other then 1 and itself. ANSWER Using exponents, the prime factorization of 560 is • 5 • 7

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