2 Background Information Photosynthesis is the process during which a plant’s chlorophyll traps light energy and sugars are produced. In plants, photosynthesis occurs only in cells with chloroplasts. The chemical reaction for photosynthesis is:6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy C6H12O6 + 6O2Carbon dioxide Water glucose oxygen
3 BackgroundGreen plants use energy from light to combine carbon dioxide and water to make food. Light Energy is converted to chemical energy and is stored in the food that is made by green plants. The light used in photosynthesis is absorbed by a green pigment called chlorophyll. Each food making cell in a plant leaf contains chlorophyll in organelles called chloroplasts. In chloroplasts, light energy causes water to split into hydrogen and oxygen. In a series of chemical reactions the hydrogen combines with carbon dioxide from air, forming a simple sugar. Oxygen from the water molecules is given off in the process. From sugar, along with nutrients from the soil, green plants can make starch, fat, proteins, vitamins and other complex compounds necessary for life. Photosynthesis supplies the chemical energy needed to produce these compounds.
4 BackgroundWhen a person exhales, carbon dioxide is released. Bromothymol blue solution, BTB, can indicate the presence of carbon dioxide in the water. When little or no carbon dioxide is present, BTB will show a blue color. Depending upon the amount of carbon dioxide, BTB will change to green or yellow. Yellow indicates more carbon dioxide.
5 To test for evidence of photosynthesis. PurposeTo test for evidence of photosynthesis.
6 QuestionCan we see evidence of photosynthesis by using a water plant?
8 Hypothesis What do you think will happen to the three tests tubes? Tube 1 – bromothymol blue with elodea exposed to lightTube 2 – bromothymol blue with elodea in the darkTube 3 – bromothymol blue alone
9 Materials 3 vials with caps 250 ml flask 500 ml Beaker Bromothymol blueStrawLight sourceFoilElodea (water Plant)
10 Observations of Test Tubes Data TableObservations of Test TubesTest Tube 1BTB Solution & Elodea;UncoveredTest Tube 2CoveredTest Tube 3BTB Solution; UncoveredStartAfter 24 hrsAfter 24 HrsAfter 24 Hours
11 Procedures Part 1. Prepare BTB solution Pour 150 ml of water into a flask.Add ~10 drops of bromothymol blue to the water.Observe the color of the solution.Introduce carbon dioxide into the solution. Use a straw from to slowly blow carbon dioxide from your lungs into the solution until it just turns yellow.Pour the solution into three screw cap bottles, dividing it evenly.
12 Procedures Part 2. Set up experiments Get 3 pieces of Elodea plant.Place one piece in a one bottle with the BTB water solution and completely submerge the plant in the solution, cap the bottle.Place the other two pieces in a second bottle and completely submerge the plants in the solution, cap the bottle.Completely wrap the second tube with foil to make sure that no light reaches the solution or Elodea.Cap the bottle that has no plant in it.Using tape label each bottle with your names and period.Place the bottles in the beaker of water and put the beaker in the lamp tray.Allow the plants to sit undisturbed for overnight.
13 Procedures Part 3: Analysis of Experiments Remove your bottles from the beaker of water.Remove the foil from the second bottle.Compare the colors of the solutions by removing the plants and holding the tubes in front of a white background.Record the final colors of all three tubes.After all measurements have been completed, dispose of solution in the waste container.Rinse out the glassware and place on a paper towel to air dry.
14 Data AnalysisWhich test tube(s) showed a color change in this investigation?What does a color change indicate in this investigation?What is the independent variable in this experiment?What is the dependent variable in this investigation?
15 Questions What are some controlled variables in this experiment? What color is the solution in all three test tubes at the start of the activity?What does this color tell us?After sitting overnight, did any of the test tubes change color? Which one(s)?For each tube that changed color, why do you think there was a color change?From your observations, when does a green plant carry on photosynthesis? Explain your thinking.
16 QuestionsWhy did we cover the test tubes with caps rather than leave them open?Describe the photosynthesis equation in words.Explain why the plant was producing bubbles when placed near the light source.How does this investigation show that plants give off oxygen during photosynthesis? Use evidence from the experiment to support your answer.
17 ConclusionWrite a short paragraph explaining the results of this investigation. Provide evidence from the investigation to support what you say.