Presentation on theme: "1cm 1cm 1cm Meter Stick Balance Spring Scale Graduated Cylinder"— Presentation transcript:
1 1cm 1cm 1cm Meter Stick Balance Spring Scale Graduated Cylinder SandMeter StickBalanceSpring ScaleGraduated CylinderMass/VolumeThermometer
2 ---The Universal Language of Measurement--- The Metric System---The Universal Language of Measurement---Metric System – scientists & engineers use this language to communicateThe metric system is often referred to as the International System of Units (abbreviated “SI”)The metric system is based on the number 10 and multiples of 10.
3 Length The distance between two points Meter – the basic unit of length in the metric system1 meter = 1 mCentimeter – one hundredth of a meter1 cm = 1/100 m = 0.01 m100 cm = 1 mMillimeter – one thousandth of a meter1 mm = 1/1000 m = m = 1/10 cm = 0.1 cm1000 mm = 1mKilometer – one thousand meters1 km = 1000m1 m = 1/1000 kmLight year –the distance light travels in one yearSpeed of light = 300,000 km/s
4 Volume The amount of space an object takes up Liter – is the basic unit of volume in the metric system1 Liter = 1 LMilliliter – is one thousandth of a Liter1 mL = 1/1000 L = LMilliliters and Liters are used to measure the volume ofCubic centimeters – is the metric unit used to measure the volume ofA cubic centimeter is equal to the volume of a cube that measures 1 cm by 1 cm by 1 cm (cm3).A volume of a cubic centimeter (cm3) is exactly equal to the volume of one milliliter.liquidssolids1cm= 1 cm3 = 1 mL1cm1cm
5 Mass a measure of the amount of matter in an object Kilogram – the basic unit of mass in the metric system1 kg = 1000 gramsGram – one thousandth of a kilogram1 g = 1/1000 kg = kg1000 g = 1 kgMilligram – one thousandth of a gram1 mg = 1/1000 g = g1000 mg = 1 g
6 Weight a measure of the attraction between two objects due to gravity Gravity - a force of attraction between two masses.The strength of the gravitational force between two objects depends on the masses of the objects and the distance between them:The greater the mass, the greater the gravitational force.The greater the distance between the two objects, the weaker the gravitational force between themNewton (N) - the basic unit of weight in the metric system.
7 Mass vs. WeightAn object has a universal mass, but may have different weight depending on gravity.The mass of an object does not change.The weight of an object changes as a result of changes in gravity.A pineapple on earth weighs more than on the moon because the earth’s gravity is greater. But the pineapple’s mass always remains the same wherever you go (unless you get hungry and eat it!).
8 Density a measure of the amount of matter that occupies a unit certain volume Density = mass/volume(units are usually g/mL)The density of water = g/mLThis means that one gram of water occupies one milliliter of volume.The density of oil = g/mLIf lighter fluids float on heavier fluids, do you expect water to float on oil?
9 Sand grainsIf the human body is nearly 70% water, is it possible to float in quicksand? Should you get worried?
10 Temperature a measure of how hot or cold something is Celsius = a unit of temperature in the metric systemWater freezes at 0° C.Water boils at 100° C.Normal body temperature is 37° CRoom temperature is 21° C.
11 Temperature (continued) Kelvin = another unit of temperature in the metric system.The lowest possible temperature is Kelvin (-273 ° C). This is Absolute Zero.To convert from Celsius to Kelvin:K = C + 273°