Presentation on theme: " Unit 5: Sixth Grade. Did you know that planets, when viewed from Earth, look like stars to the naked eye? Ancient astronomers were intrigued by."— Presentation transcript:
Did you know that planets, when viewed from Earth, look like stars to the naked eye? Ancient astronomers were intrigued by these “stars” which seemed to wander in the sky
Ancient astronomers named these “stars” planets, which means “wanderers” in Greek. These astronomers knew planets were physical bodies and could predict their patterns. But it was not until Galileo used a telescope in the 1600’s that we able to explore these other worlds.
Our solar system includes the Sun, the planets and many other smaller objects. Some planets, such as Saturn, have several moons that orbit them, and in this way, our solar system is a combination of many other systems
Up until the 1600’s, the universe was thought to have only 8 bodies (things): the Earth, the Sun, the Earth’s Moon, and Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. They are the only bodies visible without a telescope
After the discovery of the telescope, more discoveries were made and the current model of our solar system was in place by the 1900’s
Our solar system is divided into two main parts: The inner solar system The outer solar system The inner solar system contains the four planets that are closest to the sun The outer planets contains the planets farthest from the sun
Inner Planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars. More closely spaced Known as terrestrial planets as they are dense and rocky Outer Planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto* Larger in size and tend to be made of gases Known as “Gas Giants”
Inner planets are also called terrestrial planets because they are very dense and rocky. They are the four planets closest to the sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Distance from the sun: 3.2 light minutes Period of revolution: 88 days (year) Period of rotation: (59 days) Average temperature:332F, 167C Diameter: 3,032 miles, 4,879 K Closest planet to the sun. Because there is less gravity, you would only weigh 38% of what you do here on Earth!
6.0 light minutes from the sun Period of revolution: 224 days Period of rotation: 243 days Average temperature:457F, 854C Diameter: 7,520 miles, 12,100K Sun rises in the west and sets in the east. Sometimes called “Earth’s Twin” as it is similar in size and distance from the sun.
Distance from the sun: 8.3 light minutes Period of revolution: 365.25 days Period of rotation: 24 hours Average temperature: 57F, 15C Diameter:7,926 miles, 12,756K The only planet to support life in our solar system.
We have life on Earth due to several reasons: The “perfect” star The right distance from the star Revolution around the star 23.5 degree tilt Rotation on our axis WATER
Distance from the sun: 12.7 light-minutes Period of revolution: 687 days Period of rotation: 24 hours, 40 minutes Average temperature: - 81 °F, --63 °C Diameter: 4,222 miles, 6,794 km The most studied planet after Earth. While there is no water on Mars presently, there is evidence that it was once present
Because they are so much larger than the inner planets, the outer planets are called gas giants. Gas giants are planets that have deep, massive atmospheres rather than hard, rocky surfaces like the inner planets have. The Outer Planets include: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto*
Distance from the sun: 43.3 light minutes Period of revolution: 11 years, 313 days Period of rotation: 9 hours, 54 minutes Average temperature:- 202F,- -130C Diameter: 88,846 miles, 142,984 km The largest planet in our solar system The red spot is a 400 year old storm that is 3 times the diameter of Earth!
Distance from the sun: 1.3 light-hours Period of revolution: 29 years, 155 days Period of rotation: 10 hours, 42 minutes. Average temperature:-202 °F, 130 °C Diameter: 74,900 miles, 120,536 km The second largest planet. The rings around Saturn are made of icy particles.
Distance from the Sun: 2.7 light- hours Period of revolution: 83 years, 273 days Period of rotation: 17 hours, 12 minutes Average temperature:-328 °F, --- - 200 °C Diameter: 31,763 miles,51,118 km Uranus is tipped on its side and one of its poles is always dark, depending on where the planet is on its journey around the sun. This tilting is thought to be a result of being hit by a massive object.
Distance from the Sun: 4.2 light-hours Period of revolution: 163 years, 263 days Period of rotation: 16 hours, 6 minutes Average temperature:-328 °F, -200 °C Diameter: 30,779 miles, 49,532 km Neptune has a Great Dark Spot similar to Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. Neptune has a narrow set of rings.
Distance from the Sun: 5.4 light- hours Period of revolution: 248 years, 4 days Period of rotation: 6 days, 10 hours Average temperature:-378 °F, -228 °C Diameter: 1430 miles,2,390 km Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet in 2006. Less than half the size of Mercury and mainly made of ice and rock. It’s moon, Charon, is almost the same size as Pluto. http://glencoe.mcgraw- hill.com/sites/0078778026/student_view0/brainpop_movies.ht ml# http://glencoe.mcgraw- hill.com/sites/0078778026/student_view0/brainpop_movies.ht ml#
Two words: gravity and inertia! Gravity is the force that keeps the planets in the Sun’s orbit. Inertia is the law that an object in motion will stay in motion unless acted upon by an outside force.
In the case of the sun and the planets, the Sun is larger and has more mass, and thus a stronger gravitational pull. It’s always tugging us toward it, wanting to suck us in and burn us alive!!! So it’s a wonderful thing that we also have inertia…
Inertia works against that gravity to keep us from being sucked into the sun. Because of inertia, planets want to travel in a straight line and never stop moving in that straight line. So it’s a good thing that we have gravity …
Because gravity keeps us from flying off into space (never to be seen again)! Gravity and inertia’s fight for the planets is what keeps us in the Sun’s orbit.
Pluto never made a full orbit around the sun from the time it was discovered to when it was declassified as a planet. There are more stars in space than there are grains of sand on every beach on Earth. It rains diamonds on Saturn and Jupiter. If you dug a hole to the center of the Earth and dropped a book down, it would take 42 minutes to reach the bottom.