Presentation on theme: "+ Tuberculosis: Quick Facts. + Tuberculosis: Reflection How does TB affect a person’s health? How does TB affect a person’s life, socially? What problem."— Presentation transcript:
+ Tuberculosis: Reflection How does TB affect a person’s health? How does TB affect a person’s life, socially? What problem does the DOTS program address in TB treatment and how does it help? How are you affected by the global TB epidemic?
+ Tuberculosis is a Bacterial Disease Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis Latent TB Infection (have TB in your body but it is not making you sick) You can’t infect people Can quickly go from latent to an active TB Disease TB Disease Tuberculosis MDR-TB (multi-drug resistant TB) XDR-TB (extensively drug resistant TB)
+ Tuberculosis A bad cough lasting 3+ weeks Pain in the chest Coughing up blood Weakness or fatigue Weight loss No appetite Chills Fever Sweating at night People infected with TB bacteria Weakened immune systems Close contact with a person with TB Immigrants from areas with TB Homeless Elderly SymptomsWho’s at Risk?
+ Tuberculosis BCG vaccine US typically uses the TB test Take various drugs (including antibiotics) for 6 to 9 months Initial phase and continuation phase VERY important to FINISH medication Is there a Vaccine?Is there a Cure?
+ Tuberculosis Stigma 1/3 of the world’s population are infected with TB About 9 million people became sick in 2012 1.3 million TB deaths world- wide Side affects Airborne disease Spread through coughing Social Effects of TuberculosisHow It’s Spread
+ Tuberculosis Vaccines in high risk areas or life-styles Avoid contact with known TB Disease patients in crowded or close situations Prompt medical attention if you think you’ve been exposed to TB Methods of Prevention