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**Positive and Negative Numbers**

The Number Line. -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Look at the number line above. What numbers go before the zero? We are now going to use the number line to carry out some calculations.

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**Adding and Subtracting.**

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 We are going to use the number line above to calculate the sum below: 6 – 10 = (1) Start at the number 6 (2) To subtract go left from 6. (3) Move 10 left. (4) Now answer the question 6 – 10 = -4

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**Adding & Subtracting Example.**

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 Now calculate: = -3 (1) At what number do you start? (2) To add do you move left or right? right (3) How many squares do you move? 7 (4) The answer to the sum = is? 4

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**Adding & Subtracting Example.**

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 Calculate – 2 – 3 = At what number do you start? How many steps do you move? Now complete the sum : – 2 – 3 = -5

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**What Goes In The Box ? Complete the questions below yourself:**

(1) 6 – 8 = -2 (6) 7 – 12 = -5 (2) – = 4 (7) – = 5 (3) – = 2 (8) – = (4) –4 + 8 = 4 (9) – 2 – 5 = -7 (10) – – 8 = -3 (5) –1 – 6 = -7

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What Goes In The Box ? 2 Complete these questions using a bigger number line if required: - 48 (1) 12 – 16 = -4 (6) 72 – 120 = (2) – = -6 (7) – = 18 (3) – = 8 (8) – = -10 (4) – = 14 (9) – 42 – 57 = -99 -45 (10) – – 89 = (5) –18 – 52 = -70

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What goes In The Box ? 3 Work backwards here to work out the missing numbers. (1) – = 12 18 (2) = – 3 -13 (3) 12 – = – 22 34 (4) – = – 25 -11 (5) 22 – = – 17 39

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