Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCING PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS 21 November 2011 Barbro Svedberg."— Presentation transcript:
INTRODUCING PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS 21 November 2011 Barbro Svedberg
Exercise Thinking about human rights….. “Human Rights Square” Find answer by asking your friends as many of the questions as possible in 10 min Short reporting
Universal Declaration of Human Rights human dignity of all people is the foundation of justice and peace in the world
What are human rights? Universal legal guarantees protecting individuals and groups against actions and omissions that interfere with fundamental freedoms, entitlements and human dignity. Human rights law obliges Governments (principally) and other duty-bearers to do certain things and prevents them from doing others.
Some characteristics of human rights Universal Focus on the inherent dignity and equal worth of all human beings Are equal, indivisible and interdependent Cannot be waived or taken away Impose obligations of action, particularly on States and State actors Have been internationally guaranteed Are legally protected Protect individuals and, to some extent, groups Some characteristics of human rights
Some characteristics of human rights (cont) Principle of Non-discrimination …without any discrimination on grounds such as race, colour, sex, language, political and other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status Include civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights There exists no hierarchy among human rights – they are equally important
What kind of human rights obligations are there? To respect human rights means simple not to interfere with their enjoyment. For instance States should refrain from carrying out forced evictions. To protect human rights means to take steps to ensure that third parties do not interfere with their enjoyment. For example, states must protect the accessibility of education by ensuring that parents and employers do not stop girls from going to school. To fulfill human rights means to take steps progressively to realize the right in question. This obligation is sometimes subdivided into obligations to facilitate and to provide for its realization
Conventions CERD 1965 1969 CAT 1984 1987 CRC 1989 1990 CMW 1990 2003 CEDAW 1979 1981 ICCPR 1966 1976 ICESCR 1966 1976 CRPD 2006 2008 CED 2006 ICCPR - Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ICESCR - Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights CERD - Convention on the Elimination of all forms of racial discrimination CEDAW - Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women CAT - Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment CRC - Convention on the Rights of the Child CMW - Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and their Families CRPD - Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities CPD - Convention for the Protection of All Persons from enforced Disappearances
one for each treaty 10-23 independent experts 1-3 sessions/year, approx 2-3 weeks examine reports from Governments write concluding remarks about the reports produce”general comments” to explain how to interpret the convention individual cases (some) NGOs? -alternative reports -general comments -spread information -individual cases ICCPRCAT CEDAW CERD CMW Treaties / Treaty Bodies
MOVIE TIME! “Bringing Human Rights Home” OHCHR 2010
Reports Procedure: summing up ????????? Questions ????????? State writes answers State writes report Pre- session State presents report incl. answers Main session Concluding observations (+questions) State responds to questions if urgent Five years later State writes report Six months later
Reports ????????? Questions ????????? State writes answers Pre- session State presents report incl. answers Main session Concluding observations (+questions) State responds to questions if urgent State writes report NGOs? -NGOs write an alternative report -NGOs provide questions -NGOs present alternative report -NGOs make comments -NGOs use concluding observations for campaign and lobby -informal meetings
Different ways of introducing human rights protection at the national level Courts Ombudsmen/National human right instiutions Legislation – Starting point but the implementation is crucial National Human Rights Plans of Action Public sector and civil society Human rights education
REFLECTION What are the main human rights obligations addressed in your work?