Presentation on theme: "PREPARED BY: Andrzej Zagórski Security Department The Royal Castle."— Presentation transcript:
1 PREPARED BY:Andrzej ZagórskiSecurity DepartmentThe Royal Castle
2 IntroductionInstallation of the fire protection systemInstallation of the self-extinguishing systemInstallation of the staircase desmoking systemInstallation of fire dampersModernisation of the systems over the yearsSystem maintenance
3 INTRODUCTIONThe main task of fire protection systems in museums is to protect people's lives and health (visitors and staff)Another very important task of fire safety systems is, of course, to protect museum collections
4 INTRODUCTIONThe operation of systems and display of supporting elements such as emergency opening buttons and staircase desmoking will be demonstrated in the second, practical, part of our meetingIn this section, as an introduction, I will try to discuss the theoretical principles of the operation of the fire-safety systems.
5 THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) The purpose of a THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM isto detect a fire hazard in a short timeand to alert the emergency servicesIn addition, the system should actuate other subsystems, such as the release of emergency exits, staircase desmoking, alarm sirens, etc.
6 THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) System Integrujący – Integrating SystemPulpit sterujący – control panelCentrala Pożarowa – fire control unitCzujki – detectorsLinia dozorowa – detection circuitStrefy dozorowane - zones
7 THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) In the Royal Castle there are five fire control units.All are connected to the integrating system MM8000.The units are controlled in the Security Systems CentreAll signals from the system are sent to the Security Systems Centre and to the Shift Commander responsible for the safety of the building
8 THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) Centrala Systemów Bezpieczeństwa – Security Systems CentreSystem Integrujący – Integrating SystemStacja monitorująca – monitoring stationGrupa interwencyjna – response groupCentrala - unit
9 THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) Second-degree fire alarms are automatically directed to the Fire ServicesSecond degree fire alarms are triggered by Manual Alarm Call Points MACP andin the event of the first degree alarm not being confirmed in the time required (3 min).
10 THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) An important element supporting the work of the response group in the event of a fire alarm is the "Mother Key" system implemented in the Royal CastleThis solution allows the response group to access every room in the Castle using one keyIt significantly reduces the responsetime, which may result in extinguishing the fire in its early stages.
11 THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) The system of fixed fire-fighting equipment not only detects fire hazards, but also automatically eliminates them (self-extinguishing).Fire extinguishing is done by NOVEC 1230 gasThe gas, forced under pressure into the room, absorbs oxygen from the air.
12 THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) These are the facilities of the self-extinguishing system
13 THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) Transport gazu – gas transportPomieszczenie – roomAlarm I stopnia – first-degree alarmAlarm II stopnia – second-degree alarmCentrala – Control UnitLinia - circuitWartownia – watch room
14 THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) As you can see, this is an excellent system that detects and eliminates the risk of fireHowever, it has one major drawback - the priceDue to the very high cost only a few rooms in the Royal Palace are fitted with self-extinguishing installation.
15 THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) Serwerownia – server roomOgród od Wisły – the Garden on the Vistula sideSala Rycerska – the Knights’ RoomSala Tronowa – the Throne RoomGabinet do Pisania – the Study RoomGarderoba – the CloakroomSypialnia – Bed ChamberAudiencjonalny -the Audience RoomTowarzyskie – Social RoomsKrólewiczowskie – the Prince RoomsDziedziniec kuchni the kitchen yardDziedziniec Wielki – the Large CourtyardI piętro – first floorPlac Zamkowy – the Castle SquareInstalacje samogaszenia – the self-extinguishing installations
16 THE STAIRCASE-DESMOKING SYSTEM The staircase-desmoking system is a system typically used to support evacuation in the event of fireThe system is used only in the emergency-exit staircasesIn the castle there are two ways of removing combustion products: gravitational - through the windows being automatically opened, and the use of mechanical desmoking fans.
17 THE STAIRCASE-DESMOKING SYSTEM Centrala oddymiania – the desmoking central unitCentrala pożarowa – the fire control unit
18 THE FIRE-DAMPER SYSTEM During a fire, a crucialaction is essential to cutting off ventilation in the fire roomThe rooms of the Royal Castle are equipped with ventilation and air-conditioning systemsThe inlet ducts are equipped with fire dampers controlled by the fire-protection systemDuring the second degree alarmthe fire control unit sends the commandto close the dampers in the ductsserving the endangered area
19 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS The Royal Castle in Warsaw was almost entirely destroyed by the German army during World War II The first damage had already been inflicted by September 1939 This destruction was completed in 1944.
20 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS The Burning Royal Castleafter bombing.Photograph taken in September 1939
21 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS The ruins of the Royal Castle.Photograph taken in 1945
22 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS The decision to rebuild the Castle was made in 1971The reconstruction plans involved the provision of the fire alarm system as wellHowever, the project itself and the effectiveness of the system were not satisfactory
23 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS As a result, in 1984, when a fire broke outin technical rooms in the Castle Attic, the system did not workWhen the fire had developed to such an extent that it melted THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM installation, the system itself signalled a technical fault circuit breakOf course, it was too late and the fire was already so large that several units of the Fire Services had to intervene
24 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS Because the roof of the rebuilt Castle is made of a reinforced-concrete structure fire did not spread to the whole buildingThe positive aspect of this incident was the subsequent decision to install a new FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM in the Castle
25 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS In the second half of the 1980s design and installation works began on a new system by the Swiss company Cerberus, very modern for its timeThe system was based on control units CZ-10 and F910 detectors
26 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS The system covered all the rooms of the CastleIn selected areas, a self-extinguishing system based on HALON gas was installed,The new system was launched in 1991.
27 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS In the subsequent years, other buildings belonging to the Castle were renovated - the Copper-Roof Palace, the Kubicki Arcades, buildings in PodzamczeFire-alarm systems were installed in all these buildingsThe SIEMENS AlgoRex system was installed in the Copper-Roof Palace and Kubicki Arcades
28 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS As part of the modernisation, all CZ-10 control units operating in the Castle were replaced by CS SIEMENS unitsThe self-extinguishing system was also modernised, in that the control units (now the XC-10 model) and sensors (now Sinteso detectors ) and gas (currently NOVEC 1230) were replaced
29 FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS As part of the modernisation, the already-mentioned STAIRCASE-DESMOKING SYSTEMS and fire dampers were deployedCurrently, the following items are to be replaced:-One CZ-10 control unit supporting buildings in the Castle grounds- F910 detectors still operating in the buildings of the Castle and Castle grounds
30 All system components are tested and maintained on a quarterly basis SYSTEMS MAINTENANCEA special unit responsible for maintenance, and also a technical support for security systems (including fire-protection systems) was set up in the Royal Castle.All system components are testedand maintained on a quarterly basis
31 in consultation with the Fire Service and the Police SYSTEMS MAINTENANCEThe overall security is enhanced through exercises carried out in the Castlein consultation with the Fire Service and the PoliceThe building security system is tested based on a range of pre-conceived scenarios