Presentation on theme: "PREPARED BY: Andrzej Zagórski Security Department The Royal Castle."— Presentation transcript:
PREPARED BY: Andrzej Zagórski Security Department The Royal Castle
Introduction Installation of the fire protection system Installation of the self-extinguishing system Installation of the staircase desmoking system Installation of fire dampers Modernisation of the systems over the years System maintenance
INTRODUCTION The main task of fire protection systems in museums is to protect people's lives and health (visitors and staff) Another very important task of fire safety systems is, of course, to protect museum collections
INTRODUCTION The operation of systems and display of supporting elements such as emergency opening buttons and staircase desmoking will be demonstrated in the second, practical, part of our meeting In this section, as an introduction, I will try to discuss the theoretical principles of the operation of the fire-safety systems.
THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) The purpose of a THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM is to detect a fire hazard in a short time and to alert the emergency services In addition, the system should actuate other subsystems, such as the release of emergency exits, staircase desmoking, alarm sirens, etc.
THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS)
In the Royal Castle there are five fire control units. All are connected to the integrating system MM8000. The units are controlled in the Security Systems Centre All signals from the system are sent to the Security Systems Centre and to the Shift Commander responsible for the safety of the building
THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS)
Second-degree fire alarms are automatically directed to the Fire Services Second degree fire alarms are triggered by Manual Alarm Call Points MACP and in the event of the first degree alarm not being confirmed in the time required (3 min).
THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM (FAS) An important element supporting the work of the response group in the event of a fire alarm is the "Mother Key" system implemented in the Royal Castle This solution allows the response group to access every room in the Castle using one key It significantly reduces the response time, which may result in extinguishing the fire in its early stages.
THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) The system of fixed fire-fighting equipment not only detects fire hazards, but also automatically eliminates them (self-extinguishing). Fire extinguishing is done by NOVEC 1230 gas The gas, forced under pressure into the room, absorbs oxygen from the air.
THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES) These are the facilities of the self-extinguishing system
THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES)
As you can see, this is an excellent system that detects and eliminates the risk of fire However, it has one major drawback - the price Due to the very high cost only a few rooms in the Royal Palace are fitted with self-extinguishing installation.
THE SELF-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM (SES)
THE STAIRCASE-DESMOKING SYSTEM The staircase-desmoking system is a system typically used to support evacuation in the event of fire The system is used only in the emergency-exit staircases In the castle there are two ways of removing combustion products: gravitational - through the windows being automatically opened, and the use of mechanical desmoking fans.
THE STAIRCASE-DESMOKING SYSTEM
During a fire, a crucialaction is essential to cutting off ventilation in the fire room The rooms of the Royal Castle are equipped with ventilation and air-conditioning systems The inlet ducts are equipped with fire dampers controlled by the fire-protection system During the second degree alarm the fire control unit sends the command to close the dampers in the ducts serving the endangered area THE FIRE-DAMPER SYSTEM
The Royal Castle in Warsaw was almost entirely destroyed by the German army during World War II The first damage had already been inflicted by September 1939 This destruction was completed in FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
The Burning Royal Castle after bombing. Photograph taken in September 1939
FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS The ruins of the Royal Castle. Photograph taken in 1945
The decision to rebuild the Castle was made in 1971 The reconstruction plans involved the provision of the fire alarm system as well However, the project itself and the effectiveness of the system were not satisfactory FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
As a result, in 1984, when a fire broke out in technical rooms in the Castle Attic, the system did not work When the fire had developed to such an extent that it melted THE FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM installation, the system itself signalled a technical fault circuit break Of course, it was too late and the fire was already so large that several units of the Fire Services had to intervene FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
Because the roof of the rebuilt Castle is made of a reinforced-concrete structure fire did not spread to the whole building The positive aspect of this incident was the subsequent decision to install a new FIRE-ALARM SYSTEM in the Castle FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
In the second half of the 1980s design and installation works began on a new system by the Swiss company Cerberus, very modern for its time The system was based on control units CZ-10 and F910 detectors FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
The system covered all the rooms of the Castle In selected areas, a self-extinguishing system based on HALON gas was installed, The new system was launched in FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
In the subsequent years, other buildings belonging to the Castle were renovated - the Copper-Roof Palace, the Kubicki Arcades, buildings in Podzamcze Fire-alarm systems were installed in all these buildings The SIEMENS AlgoRex system was installed in the Copper-Roof Palace and Kubicki Arcades FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
As part of the modernisation, all CZ-10 control units operating in the Castle were replaced by CS SIEMENS units The self-extinguishing system was also modernised, in that the control units (now the XC-10 model) and sensors (now Sinteso detectors ) and gas (currently NOVEC 1230) were replaced FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
As part of the modernisation, the already-mentioned STAIRCASE-DESMOKING SYSTEMS and fire dampers were deployed Currently, the following items are to be replaced: -One CZ-10 control unit supporting buildings in the Castle grounds - F910 detectors still operating in the buildings of the Castle and Castle grounds FIRE SYSTEMS IN THE ROYAL CASTLE OVER THE YEARS
A special unit responsible for maintenance, and also a technical support for security systems (including fire-protection systems) was set up in the Royal Castle. All system components are tested and maintained on a quarterly basis SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE
The overall security is enhanced through exercises carried out in the Castle in consultation with the Fire Service and the Police The building security system is tested based on a range of pre-conceived scenarios SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE