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Cultural Astronomy Archaeoastronomy Ethnoastronomy History of Astronomy.

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Presentation on theme: "Cultural Astronomy Archaeoastronomy Ethnoastronomy History of Astronomy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cultural Astronomy Archaeoastronomy Ethnoastronomy History of Astronomy

2 PROBLEMS The unity of knowledge Need of a method for studying the past Archaeoastronomy: an interdisciplinary field Archaeoastronomy as a science Semantics (archaeoastronomy vs. astroarchaeology) ARCHAEOASTRONOMY: a research field based on theastronomical analysis of monuments and archaeological finds of the past; it offers new material for archaeological, anthropological and ethnological studies. The observation of the sky had a fundamental impact on the history of mankind, on the life and on the thought.




6 History of Astronomy

7 1762 Astronomy in Milan

8 Enlightenment in Italy -Main period: from 1750 to 1780 -Milan: C. Beccaria, P. Verri, A. Verri, G. Parini, P. Frisi -Naples: A. Genovesi, F. Galiani, G. Filangeri - F. Algarotti, P. Neri, P. Giannone, A. Zanon, G. Gozzi, A. Radicati, V. Alfieri, C. Goldoni

9 1763 Mathematics, Geometry, Optics, Astronomy, Geodesy, Engineering, Hydraulics, Poetry, Diplomat

10 1725 -1756: Rome 1711-1725: Ragusa (Dubrovnik) 1756 - 1758: Lucca, Wien, Rome 1759 - 1763: France (Paris), London, Holland, Germany, Venice, Turkey, Poland, Venice, Rome

11 J.D. Barrow (2007), New Theories of Everything


13 1773 – Boscovich leaves the Observatory B. Oriani, F. Reggio, A. de Cesaris F. Carlini G.V. Schiaparelli G. Celoria

14 Edizione Nazionale delle Opere e della Corrispondenza di R.G. Boscovich National Edition of the Works and Correspondence of R.G. Boscovich

15 1763 : G. Parini, Il Mattino (Il Giorno) [The Morning (The Day)] 1764 : C. Beccaria, Dei delitti e delle pene [On Crimes and Punishement] 1765 : G. Parini, Il Mezzogiorno (Il Giorno) [The Midday (The Day)] 1763 : P. Verri, Meditazioni sulla felicità [Reflections on happiness] 1762 : beginning of the astronomical research in Brera 1764 : Project of Brera Observatory 1765 : building of the Observatory 1764 -1766 : Il Caffè (P. Verri et al.) [magazine The Coffee House] 1763 : Boscovich appointed at Pavia University (mathematics)

16 Schedule/planning 2010 – G.V. Schiaparelli, 100th anniv. (Schiaparelli and his legacy, G. Trinchieri & A. Manara eds., Mem. SAIt 82, 2011) 2011 – R.G. Boscovich, 300th anniv. (Ruggiero Boscovich-uomo di scienza e di cultura, 18 may 2011) 2012 – Beginning of the professional astronomical research in Milan (250th anniv.); 50th anniv. of the first cosmic X-ray observation (international meeting; exhibitions) 2013 – Beginning of the meteorological observations in Brera, 250th anniv. (international meeting on climate; collab. with UniMi) 2014 – The Brera Observatory (project), 250th anniv. (meeting in collaboration with the Biblioteca Ambrosiana) 2015 – The foundation of the Brera Observatory, 250th anniv. (EXPO 2015; Astronomy and climate)

17 Astronomy and Climate for the past 3 Myr Milankovitch astronomical cycles

18 Hypotheses on the mass extinctions in the past 3 Gyr Flood basalt events Massive release of methane (clathtrates) Massive emission of hydrogen sulfide from seas Sea-level falls Significant global cooling Significant global warming Anoxic events in the seas Oceanic overturn (thermo-haline circulation) Impacts of celestial bodies Interstellar clouds Oscillations on the galactic plane Nearby Supernova or Gamma Ray Burst Companion star (Nemesis) etc……

19 The understanding of the history of the Earth, of the evolution of the life on Earth, of the mankind, of the human thought and of civilization cannot leave out the effects of astronomical/cosmic phenomena, since they triggered, are triggering and will trigger the most important changes in such an history.

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