Presentation on theme: "Copyright restrictions may apply JAMA Pediatrics Journal Club Slides: Pediatric Resuscitation Education Cheng A, Hunt EA, Donoghue A, et al; EXPRESS Investigators."— Presentation transcript:
Copyright restrictions may apply JAMA Pediatrics Journal Club Slides: Pediatric Resuscitation Education Cheng A, Hunt EA, Donoghue A, et al; EXPRESS Investigators. Examining pediatric resuscitation education using simulation and scripted debriefing: a multicenter randomized trial. JAMA Pediatr. Published online April 22, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.1389.
Copyright restrictions may apply Background –Simulation is a common educational modality in resuscitation training programs, such as Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS). –Debriefing following simulated or real resuscitations can improve the process and outcome of resuscitations. –The most effective manner in which to train novice instructors to debrief has not been established. –Use of a debriefing cognitive aid for simulation-based education has not been explored. Study Objective –To determine whether use of a script designed to facilitate debriefings by novice instructors affects knowledge and team performance of learners. Introduction
Copyright restrictions may apply Study Design –Multicenter, prospective, randomized, blinded, factorial design. –Randomized to 1 of 4 different combinations of debriefing type (scripted, nonscripted) and physical realism simulator (low, high). Setting –14 tertiary care centers across North America. Participants –Novice instructors were recruited to debrief resuscitation simulations. –Resuscitation teams had 4 or 5 participants and were interprofessional. –Simulation scenario: standardized 12-minute scenario, depicting 12- month-old infant in hypotensive shock progressing to ventricular fibrillation. –Debriefing script was designed to facilitate a 20-minute debriefing session. Methods
Copyright restrictions may apply Methods Outcomes –Multiple-choice test to assess medical knowledge of individual participants. –Clinical Performance Tool to assess clinical management of the team. –Behavioral Assessment Tool to assess team leader’s behavioral performance. –16 video reviewers rated videos of debriefing sessions. Limitations –Study limited to 1 type of scenario. –Debriefing script was provided, but without instructions (to ensure practical application and widespread implementation). –Mode of questioning used in the script was not as open-ended as in traditional reflective debriefing.
Copyright restrictions may apply Results Study Population –453 participants, composing 104 teams –July 2008 to February 2011 Comparison of Demographic Characteristics Between the 4 Study Arms for All 443 Participants
Copyright restrictions may apply Results Participants receiving scripted debriefing showed greater improvement compared with participants randomized to nonscripted debriefing. Team leaders receiving scripted debriefing showed greater improvement in Behavioral Assessment Tool scores compared with those receiving nonscripted debriefing. There was no significant difference in the team clinical performance related to scripted debriefing. Postintervention vs Preintervention Comparison Scores for MCQ, BAT, and CPT
Copyright restrictions may apply Comment Novice instructors of a standard PALS course benefit from use of a scripted debriefing tool. –Better cognitive outcomes. –Better behavioral learning outcomes. No significant improvement in clinical performance score of the teams. –May be related to team dynamic (dependent on multiple factors, not just debriefing) and 1 scenario. Study supports the notion that debriefing is an integral element of the simulated learning experience.
Copyright restrictions may apply Comment The American Heart Association has incorporated a new debriefing tool into the 2011 PALS instructor manuals and courses. –Signals a shift in philosophy regarding instructor training and standardization of the team learning process. As yet untested: would standardized debriefing also help with more experienced instructors?
Copyright restrictions may apply If you have questions, please contact the corresponding author: –Adam Cheng, MD, University of Calgary, KidSim-ASPIRE, Research Program, Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children’s Hospital, 2888 Shaganappi Trail NW, Calgary, AB T3B 6A8, Canada (firstname.lastname@example.org). Funding/Support This study was funded by an educational research grant from the American Heart Association. Conflict of Interest Disclosures Several authors received research grants from the American Heart Association and the Laerdal Foundation for Acute Medicine (please see article for details). Contact Information