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History of FIFA World Cup

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1 History of FIFA World Cup
Popular Culture of Football

2 ORIGINS FIFA formed as early as May 21, 1904 in Paris, but no national competition except for Olympics As the highest football authority, FIFA made its claim as the organizers of the competition 1920’s – French football administrators, including Jules Rimet, are credited with bringing together the world’s strongest national teams to compete for a world championship of football. Decided that 1930 would be the first international competition for the what was being called the “World Cup” and “La Coupe de Monde”

3 ORIGINS Much debate as to who would host first World Cup
FIFA felt it necessary for the first host nation to pay for travel expenses of all referees and national teams a clearly expensive proposition but many European and South American football powerhouses showed interest: Italy, Spain, Holland, Hungary, Sweden and Uruguay

4 URUGUAY 1930 Uruguay - First Host of World Cup
13 original teams invited 4 European teams, 8 South American teams and a United States representative Originally only 1 European team had signed up, but the efforts of Rimet helped move three more nations to the competition

5 Jules Rimet Cup French sculptor, Albert Lafleur, designed the first trophy to be presented to the FIFA World Champions.

6 The Golden Boot The Golden Boot Award was introduced at the 1930 FIFA World Cup. This prestigious award, is Given to the World Cup's top scorer, and is earned by scoring the most goals in the finals tournament.

7 Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2
FIFA World Cup 1930 The first FIFA World Cup took place in Uruguay. The Jules Rimet Cup was presented to the first FIFA World Cup winners, Uruguay. Golden Boot - Guillermo Stabile, Argentina (8 goals) Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2

8 Italy beat Czechoslovakia 2–1 in the final.
FIFA World Cup 1934 The 1934 FIFA World Cup was held in Italy. Thirty-two nations entered the competition, and after qualification, 16 teams participated in the final tournament. Golden Boot - Oldrich Nejedly, Czechoslovakia (5 goals) Italy beat Czechoslovakia 2–1 in the final.

9 FRANCE 1938 France chosen as third host
Many nations kept away from competition due to consequences of upcoming World War; examples include Spain, Austria, Argentina and once again Uruguay For the first time the host nation was automatic qualifier, a privilege that has carried on up to present World Cup play

10 FIFA World Cup 1938 The Competition was held in France and Italy retained the Jules Rimet Cup. Golden Boot - Leonidas da Silva, Brazil (7 goals) Italy beat Hungary 4–2 in the final.

11 Brazil 1950 Throughout the Second World War the Italian Vice-President of FIFA, Dr. Ottorino Barassi, hid the FIFA World Cup trophy in a shoe-box under his bed and thus saved it from falling into the hands of occupying troops. It was back in 1950 and hosted by Brazil.

12 The planet’s biggest stadium
Football in Brazil had become so popular that it was decided to build a brand new stadium with a capacity of 220,000 in the suburbs of Rio de Janeiro to host this world cup. Host Brazil qualified with three other teams, Spain, Uruguay and Sweden, not for the semi-finals, but for a final series of matches in round robin format, in which England and Italy were surprising absentees.

13 Uruguay beat the hosts Brazil 2–1
FIFA World Cup 1950 The 1950 FIFA World Cup was held in Brazil and was won by Uruguay. To mark the 25th anniversary Of Jules Rimet's presidency of FIFA, the trophy was referred to as the Jules Rimet Cup. Golden Boot – Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazil (9 goals) Uruguay beat the hosts Brazil 2–1

14 West Germany defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final
FIFA World Cup 1954 The 1954 FIFA World Cup was held in Switzerland and won by West Germany. Golden Boot - Sandor Kocsis, Hungary (11 goals) The tournament set a number of all-time records for goal scoring, including the highest average goals scored per game. West Germany defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final

15 Beginning of an Era This world cup was the first time in history in which we could distinguish who a player was by the number he wore on his back. With the formation of the AFC in 1954 the event became truly global because now several teams from Asia and Africa were now included. This allowed for the qualifying rounds to feature a higher number of nations than ever before.

16 SWEDEN 1958 First World Cup to be televised for the world to view the brilliance of the best players in the game 55 Countries took part and the likes of Switzerland, Belgium, Uruguay, Spain and most notably Italy failed to qualify; many new nations emerged including the likes of Wales, N. Ireland and USSR

17 FIFA World Cup 1958 The sixth World Cup, was hosted by Sweden and won by Brazil. Golden Boot – Just Fontaine, France (13 goals) Brazil beat Sweden 5–2 in the final

18 A Star is Born: Pele Hits the World Stage
17 year-old Brazilian youngster Pele was a huge factor in Brazil’s victory over Sweden and scored 6 goals in the overall tournament en route to Brazil’s first World Championship of Football

19 Chile 1962 This World Cup is remembered because this is the occasion in which futbol became more physical.

20 More teams…more upsets
A new record 56 teams took part in the qualifying rounds. This new format caused many of the powerhouse teams to be eliminated before the tournament.

21 FIFA World Cup 1962 The 1962 FIFA World Cup was held in Chile. Golden Boot - Vava, Brazil / Garrincha, Brazil / Leonel Sanchez, Chile / Drazan Jerkovic, Yugoslavia / Valentin Ivanov, Soviet Union / Florian Albert, Hungary (4 goals) The average goals per match dropped to 2.78, under 3 for the first time in the history of the competition. Brazil claimed their second World Cup title by defeating Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final.

22 ENGLAND 1966 New record 70 nations competing
Controversy over African regional champ having to play against Asia or Oceania zone to qualify Many African nations dropped out before qualifying rounds Qualifying: 10 teams from Europe, 4 from South America, 1 each from Asia, North America and Central America

23 New Nations Emerge, Old Fall
Powerhouse Brazil failed to pass the first round as phenom Pele was victim of physical play Portugal (Eusebio pictured bottom), N. Korea and host England were impressive in early rounds

24 England beat West Germany 4–2 in the final
FIFA World Cup 1966 The 1966 FIFA World Cup was held in England. Golden Boot - Eusebio da Silva Ferreira, Portugal (9 goals) This is the first FIFA World Cup to have a mascot associated with it. England beat West Germany 4–2 in the final

25 Mexico 1970 World Cup became a television spectacle.
This was the first year substitutes were allowed. Also, yellow and red cards were introduced at this time.

26 Participating nations up to 75
Many well respected teams such as Hungary, Portugal, France, Spain , and Argentina did not qualify, while less heralded teams like Morroco and Israel made their debut.

27 FIFA World Cup 1970 The 1970 FIFA World Cup was held in Mexico. Brazil were allowed to keep the Jules Rimet Cup. Golden Boot – Gerd Muller, West Germany (10 goals) The tournament was won by Brazil by defeating, Italy 4–1 in the final

28 FIFA World Cup The new FIFA World Cup Trophy was created by the
Italian sculptor, Silvio Gazzaniga for the 1974 Tournament. Made from 18 carat gold with a malachite base, the trophy is 36.5 cm high, weighs 11lbs (6.1 kilograms ) and belongs to FIFA. A replica is presented to the Winners.

29 West Germany beat the Netherlands in the final, 2–1.
FIFA World Cup 1974 The 1974 FIFA World Cup was held in West Germany. Golden Boot – Grzegorz Lato, Poland (7 goals) West Germany beat the Netherlands in the final, 2–1.

30 Argentina 1978 The World Cup was played in Argentina despite much controversy surrounding General Videla’s totalitarian regime and its violation of human rights.

31 FIFA World Cup 1978 The 1978 FIFA World Cup was held in Argentina.
Golden Boot – Mario Kempes, Argentina (6 goals) Argentina beat the Netherlands 3–1 after extra time in the final.

32 Spain 1982 Epic battles between Brazil & Italy and France vs. West Germany are two games that will be remembered in this world cup. Spain would host 24 teams whereas in the previous years countries only saw 16 teams.

33 Alterations to the organization of the tournament.
With 24 teams now advancing instead of 16 they had to rearrange the structure. Three phases were now in place: A first round with six groups of four where two advanced from each, a second round with four groups of three where the top team advanced, then the semi-finals and the finals.

34 FIFA World Cup 1982 The 1982 FIFA World Cup, was held in Spain. Golden Boot - Paolo Rossi, Italy (6 goals) The tournament was won by Italy, after defeating West Germany 3–1 in the final.

35 The Adidas Golden Shoe In 1982 the award was renamed the Adidas Golden Shoe.

36 Mexico 1986 – Once again Mexico was chosen as a replacement host because of financial difficulties in Colombia. Despite terrible earthquakes as a prelude to Futbol’s main event, the games went on.

37 Controversial or not…Maradona is one of the greatest!!!
This goal was accurately dubbed a “goal scored by the hand of God”. Maradona’s other goal against England is questionably the best goal ever.

38 Argentina beat West Germany 3–2 in the final
FIFA World Cup 1986 The 1986 FIFA World Cup Was held in Mexico. Golden Boot – Gary Lineker, England (6 goals) Argentina beat West Germany 3–2 in the final

39 ITALIA 1990 112 Nations battled for the 14th World Cup
10 Stadiums reconstructed and 2 newly built for the event

40 FIFA World Cup 1990 The 1990 FIFA World Cup was held in Italy. Golden Boot – Salvatore Schillaci, Italy (6 goals) The tournament was won by West Germany, who beat Argentina 1–0 in the final

41 United States 1994 Much skepticism as to the USA’s response to “soccer” vs. its mainstream sports 147 Countries Entered Qualifying, of which 24 made it to America’s stage Record numbers of spectators, with numbers reaching over 3 million Commercial boom of world’s most played sport

42 Ups & Downs United States and rest of world had household names as a result of such widespread broadcast of the tournament: Hagi, Bebeto, Romario, Milla, Tafarel were all superstars With success also came tragedy as one of the most memorable of household names was Colombian national Andres Escobar who was shot dead at his home in Colombia after netting an own goal to eliminate Colombia from the tournament at the hands of the US

43 ITALIA vs. BRAZIL With no time left on the clock, the World Cup would go to penalty kicks for the first time ever in its 64-year history A championship lay on the shoulders and feet of stars such as Romario, Bebeto, Dino Baggio and most memorably Roberto Baggio, who sailed his penalty shot over the crossbar in an effort that greatly tarnished his great play in the tournament

44 FIFA World Cup 1994 The 1994 FIFA World Cup was held in the United States. Brazil became the first nation to win Four World Cup titles. Golden Boot - Hristo Stoichkov, Bulgaria / Oleg Salenko, Russia (6 goals) Brazil beat Italy 3–2 in a penalty shootout after the game ended 0–0 after extra time, the first World Cup final to be decided on penalties.

45 FRANCE 1998 32 teams, 64 matches played
4 teams were placed in each of the eight groups, with good diversity in all but one of the groups with one American, one Asian or African and two European teams represented in each of the groups

46 FIFA World Cup 1998 The 1998 FIFA World Cup was held in France. Golden Boot – Davor Suker, Croatia (6 goals) The tournament was won by France, who beat Brazil 3–0 in the final. held in France.

47 FIFA World Cup 2002 The 2002 FIFA World Cup was hosted by both South Korea and Japan. Golden Boot - Ronaldo, Brazil (8 goals) Brazil won the tournament for a record fifth time, beating Germany 2–0 in the final.

48 FIFA World Cup 2006 The 2006 FIFA World Cup was held in Germany. Golden Boot – Miraslav Klose, Germany (5 goals) Italy won defeating France 5–3 in a penalty shootout in the final, after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw

49 In the final, Spain defeated the Netherlands 1–0 after extra time
FIFA World Cup 2010 The 2010 FIFA World Cup was held in South Africa. In the final, Spain defeated the Netherlands 1–0 after extra time

50 FIFA World Cup 2014 The 2014 FIFA World Cup held in Brazil.

51 The World Cup: A Fair Game?

52 WHAT IS INEQUALITY? Inequality: the difference between the things some groups of people have compared to other people. Examples of inequality: In sport: some athletes have better facilities and training than others. Between countries: some countries are wealthy while others are extremely poor and have large scale poverty. Within countries: in some countries there are many people who only have a little and a few people who have a lot more – this could be money, or things like better healthcare or education. Make the point that often when talking about inequality we use income to compare. But there can be inequality in other things too – like quality of health or education. And it can vary by things like gender, age or ethnicity.

Look at the countries. Do they all have the same wealth? Or do some have more than others? This is global income (wealth) inequality.

54 COUNTRY INCOMES The World Bank classifies each country as either: a high income country an upper-middle income country a lower-middle income country a low income country Which do you think each of these countries is? Explain that the World Bank is a global bank which lends money to different countries. Explain that they pay close attention to the wealth of countries – meaning how much money each country has. They call this a country’s ‘income’, which they work out as an average per person to be able to compare countries with more or less people. To calculate it they add up the total amount of money being made in that country over the year. They then divide this by the number of people in the country. They do this calculation in dollars so they can compare all countries fairly. This is called the GDP per capita, which you can just call the ‘income per person’ in the country. Discuss the term income and the four classifications. Which types of country are the richest? (High income) Which types of country are the poorest? (Low income) Ask the pupils which classification they think each of the countries shown are. Ask pupils why they think this. Brazil – upper middle USA – high Ivory Coast – lower-middle England - high Brazil USA England Ivory Coast

55 COMPARING WEALTH Can you compare the ratios of the top 3 and bottom 3 World Cup countries average incomes? Highest 3 incomes: av. $66,000 Lowest 3 incomes: av. $1,300 Ratio = 66 : 1.3 = 66 / 1.3 = 51 = 51:1 This means the richest 3 countries have 51x more money per person than the poorest 3 in the World Cup. Is this fair? You can also help them to compare incomes of countries using ratios. They will find the ratio of income of the highest 3 teams to the lowest 3 teams is 51:1 – therefore the highest income country teams have on average 51x more income per person in their countries than the lowest income country teams. Is this fair?

Countries are given a score to show how equal or unequal they are. A score of 0 means that the country is completely equal, that everyone in that country has the same amount of money. That would look something like this: In reality, no country looks like this. Make clear to the pupils that in this fictitious example, everyone in the country has the same amount of money – there is no income inequality here. This may seem like a good idea though there could be issues with this. Would it be fair if everyone earned the same amount of money? What would the problems be with this? (Some people might not work hard for their share of the money / some people might deserve it more for working harder).

A score of 1.0 means the country is completely unequal. This would look something like this: 1 In reality, thankfully, no country looks like this either. Be clear that in this situation is the opposite – completely unequal. Would you like to be in this position? Would you like to be considerably richer than everyone else? Would you like to be the other side – having nothing? Explain that this is not true in any country either.

These are the World Cup countries. Which do you think scores highest on fairness? Which do you think is the lowest?

Plot the 4 countries below Completely Equal Completely Unequal NOTE – point out that the scale is from 0.25 to 0.55 because generally ‘high’ inequality is near to 0.5 and ‘low’ inequality below 0.3 – therefore the full scale of 0.00 – 1.00 is not necessary. Which do they think are the fairest? Of the 4 example countries here, the order of most to least equal distribution of income are: Japan(most equal) – Cameroon –USA - Brazil (least equal) Pupils may be surprised that Brazil has quite higher inequality, and Cameroon is better than the USA Where would England be? ANSWER – 0.36 – same as Cameroon Source of inequality statistics: Frederick Solt, 2013, "The Standardized World Income Inequality Database", version 4.0, September USA 0.37 Brazil 0.46 Cameroon 0.36 Japan 0.29

60 INEQUALITY IN BRAZIL Look at the image. What is going on? What are the buildings like on one half compared to the other? Does it suggest inequality in Brazil is a problem or not? Does this tie in with Brazil’s fairness score from the previous slide? Is it fair that some people have so much and some so little? The image is from Sao Paolo. It shows the densely packed Paraisopolis favela (or slum) located next to luxury apartments with swimming pools and tennis courts in the upmarket Morumbi area of Sao Paulo city. Paraisopolis has between 80,000 and 100,000 residents and is the second largest favela in Sao Paulo. Google Maps/Oxfam America

61 INEQUALITY IN BRAZIL Brazil is hosting the World Cup – AND will be hosting the Olympics in But is inequality an issue in Brazil? Is it a problem? Is the government trying to do anything? What are the successes and challenges? The news clip will introduce pupils to the idea that inequality is a big problem in Brazil, but the government is trying to do things to overcome it. This has led to a range of successes, but challenges also remain.

62 Who has won the most world cups?
YEAR HOST COUNTRY WINNER SCORE 2010 South Africa Spain Spain 1-0 Netherlands 2006 Germany Italy Italy 1-1 France 2002 Japan / S. Korea Brazil Brazil 2-0 Germany 1998 France France 3-0 Brazil 1994 US Brazil 3-2 Italy 1990 Germany 1-0 Argentina 1986 Mexico Argentina Argentina 3-2 Germany 1982 Italy 3-1 Germany 1978 1974 Germany 2-1 Holland 1970 Brazil 4-1 Italy 1966 England England 4-2 Germany 1962 Chile Brazil 3-1 Czechoslovakia 1958 Sweden Brazil 5-2 Sweden 1954 Switzerland Germany 3-2 Hungary 1950 Uruguay Uruguay 2-1 Brazil 1946 NOT HELD 1942 1938 Italy 4-2 Hungary 1934 Italy 2-1 Czechoslovakia 1930 Uruguay 4-2 Argentina Who has won the most world cups? Why was the world cup not held in 1942 and 1946?

63 World Cup for Women!! Since 1991, FIFA has organized a World Cup for women, known as the FIFA Women’s World Cup. They also play every 4 years and the process of qualification is much the same as the men’s.

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