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On demand Air Transportation

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1 On demand Air Transportation
Business and corporate aviation Introduction On demand Air Transportation

2 Owner/ employee flown operation

3 Sequence Setting the scene Determining the needs Getting started
Running the business Flight department Management Operations Maintenance Safety

4 Setting the scene What is on demand air transportation
Personal Aviation Business Aviation Why travel is Important Reasons

5 On-demand Air Transportation
Transport is available when ever requested or needed. To describe the various types of on demand transportation and to tell how one can best choose and use the methods comprising it.

6 Personal Aviation Our a/c has enabled my family to be together more frequently and to more fully enjoy those times (owner) Like private car using from one point to another Uses a wide range of a/c from small to large, for short distance to continental flights.

7 Business Aviation Personal and business aviation are separated by single factor ie purpose Millions of people travel for business Necessary for face to face business 2/3 of business is done through air Time saving, flexibility, efficiency, privacy and security


9 Beginning of personal aviation
Wright brothers in 1903 Their objective to provide a new form of transportation that enabled the people to get from one point to another as quickly as possible 129 ft run started the history of personal aviation Personal aviation continued to grow untill Lindsburg’s transatlantic crossing in 1927 In 1930’s the personal aviation took the turn

10 Beginning of Business aviation
Right after WW-I War surplus open cockpit two seat Bi planes were used to promote various companies The world oil companies, Standard oil, Texico, Continental and Shell became the pioneer for true business and corporate flying in 1920’s In 1930’s specific a/c made for business application were manufactured WW-II halted the growth, but post war era gave the boom to personal and business aviation when hundreds of thousands surplus a/c were used

11 Cont’d Substantial grow in 1950 in both the fields
Introduction of business lockheed jetstar in 1957 1964 fast speed learjet advanced the field 1956 helicopter were used for business flights In planes were used for business It grew by 2002 to 21000 Now personal aviation has taken its shape, 150,000 a/c are being used for safe and reliable transportation

12 Travel is important for business
Saving employee time Increasing productivity for goal Minimizing non business hours from home Ensuring industrial security Maximizing personal safety and peace of mind Exercising management control over efficient, reliable scheduling Projecting a real corporate image Attracting and retaining key people Reducing post trip fatigue Increasing post trip productivity

13 Saving Employee Time. Efficient employee scheduling and employee time saved are key advantages of business aircraft use. Because business aircraft have the ability to fly nonstop between any of the 3500 small, close-in airports—ten times the number of locations served by scheduled airlines in the United States—highly efficient employee time management becomes a very real benefit. Additionally, the value of employee time often exceeds its cost to the company by substantial margins, further increasing the importance of employee time savings. Simply stated, business aviation helps a company obtain maximum productivity from its two most important assets—people and time.

14 Increasing Productivity Enroute.
High levels of employee productivity enroute to a business destination—in a secure office environment that is free from interruptions, distractions, or eavesdropping—can have substantial value to an employer. A Louis Harris & Associates survey showed that executives felt that they were 20 percent more productive in the company jet than they were in the office. Conversely, they felt that they were 40 percent less productive in an airliner due to distractions and lack of privacy. Group productivity, maximized due to the common availability of club seating and tables, often is unique to business aircraft. Strategizing before meetings and debriefing afterwards are common practices facilitated and encouraged by business aircraft cabin configurations

15 Minimizing Nonbusiness Hours away from Home
Minimizing Nonbusiness Hours away from Home. Family time before and after traditional business hours is critical to most employees. Because a stable, supportive family can have an acute effect on employee morale and productivity, scheduling that minimizes time away from home can be a key benefit.

16 Ensuring Industrial Security
Ensuring Industrial Security. For many companies, the protection of personnel from uncontrolled public exposure alone is justification for business aircraft use. Avoidingeavesdropping, reducing travel visibility, and eliminating unwanted and unnecessary conversations and interruptions all support the use of business aircraft to safeguard company employees and the sensitive information they carry.

17 Maximizing Personal Safety and Peace of Mind
Maximizing Personal Safety and Peace of Mind. Turbine-powered aircraft flown by two-person professional crews have a safety record comparable with or better than that of scheduled airlines. The peace of mind that results from complete company control over the aircraft flown, passenger and baggage manifests, pilot quality and training, aircraft maintenance, and operational safety standards is substantial. This benefit also can include the rescheduling of flights if weather, mechanical, or other considerations suggest that this is the appropriate course.

18 Exercising Management Control over Efficient, Reliable Scheduling
Exercising Management Control over Efficient, Reliable Scheduling. The near-total scheduling flexibility inherent in business aircraft—even changing itineraries enroute— can be a powerful asset. Since aircraft can arrive and depart on the passenger’s schedule, typically waiting for them in the ordinary course of business, meetings can be moved up, back, or extended without penalty, risk, or unnecessary scheduling pressures. Overnight trips also can be avoided. If managed proactively, this benefit can improve business results.

19 Projecting a Positive Corporate Image
Projecting a Positive Corporate Image. For customers in particular and often for vendors, the arrival and departure of company employees via business aircraft are the sign of a wellrun company, signaling the progressive nature of an organization with a keen interest in efficient time management and high levels of productivity. If used for charitable purposes, significant public service contributions, as well as possible public relations benefits, also can be realized.

20 Attracting and Retaining Key People (Customers Included)
Attracting and Retaining Key People (Customers Included). The right person in the right place at the right time can change everything. Finding and keeping such people can hinge on many factors, including the ability to maintain reasonable travel schedules, maximizing personal productivity and ensuring family time. Holding on to valuable employees also can prevent companies from spending time and resources on training replacement employees.

21 Reducing Posttrip Fatigue and Increasing Posttrip Productivity
Reducing Posttrip Fatigue and Increasing Posttrip Productivity. Schedules that require late-night travel or longer-than-necessary trips often result in posttrip fatigue, damaging productivity in the day(s) after the trip. Because they can facilitate more efficient scheduling, business aircraft can minimize this loss.

22 Optimizing Payroll. Under “rightsizing” initiatives, many organizations have rediscovered
the need to maximize the productivity of the same or fewer employees to accomplish equal or greater amounts of work and ensure their competitive position and long-term success. As business aircraft improve employee time management and efficiency, they can help eliminate the need for additional personnel, reducing payroll costs, and help to maximize a company’s competitive market advantage.

23 Truncating Cycle Times
Truncating Cycle Times. The compound effect of increased productivity and saved travel time is that more can be accomplished in less time. Consequently, many companies attribute reductions in cycle times—when facilities are brought online sooner and projects finished faster—to business aircraft use. Although it is challenging to quantify or attribute entirely to business aircraft use, this benefit often can be substantial.

24 Charging the Entrepreneurial Spirit
Charging the Entrepreneurial Spirit. By minimizing or eliminating many of the barriers to travel, business aircraft allow business opportunities to be considered and acted on more readily. Business cultures and their strategies change as markets, facilities, and customers in rural areas of the country—once practically unreachable and unconsidered—are newly accessible

25 How Companies use aircraft
There are infinite ways to use business ac. Key employee travel Customer Visits Market Expansion Management Team Travel Transporting Customers Specialty Teams Sales Marketing Campaigns Attract and Retain Key peoples Corporate Shuttle

26 Priority, Cargo, Parts, or mail
Projects Utilitarian Public , press and Investor Relations Personnel Travel Emergency evacuation Response Good Will Lobbying Other

27 Key Employee Travel. This is by far the most frequent use of business aircraft. Getting to essential meetings, conducting site visits, and keeping customers happy are all reasons for the right people to get to the right place in a timely manner. The timeliness of these trips means choosing the right time for the trip and then getting out and back as quickly as possible. We all know intuitively that the business adage “time is money” is true, so we try to maximize our time where it counts most. Spending time waiting at airports in security lines does not meet this criterion. Key employees can be anyone of any rank who is indispensable to a task, not just the CEO. Financial experts, attorneys, technicians, and quality control specialists are all candidates for using the company aircraft when hours count.

28 Business Aircraft Utilization Strategies
Key employee travel. Getting the right person in the right place at the right time. Customer visits. Visit customers on their turf. Customer trips. Bring customers to you. Scheduled customer service. Routine trips to service customer accounts. Emergency customer service. Rapid response trips to fix what’s broken and “put out fires.” Humanitarian and charitable flights. Being a good corporate citizen; helping employees. Sales and marketing blitzes. Multiday/multicity sales trips covering a region or sales area. Charter revenue flights. Offering your aircraft for use by a charter operator. International flying. Regularly outside the United States. Helicopters. Used to go directly to specific destinations; not just between airports. Management teams. Transporting management teams to organization sites.

29 Engineering teams. Transporting production or engineering teams to critical work sites.
Corporate shuttles. Regularly scheduled flights between organization facilities or customer sites. Make airline connections. Making airline connections, particularly international flights. Carry priority cargo, parts, or mail. Special projects. Such as advertising shoots. For goodwill/lobbying. Transporting elected officials or candidates; going to lawmakers. Utilitarian purposes. Mapping, aerial surveys or inspections, etc. Market expansion. Evaluating new markets/sites. The airborne office. Working/conferring enroute. Personal travel. Employees and their families. Attract and retain key people. A tool to facilitate work or get people home more nights. Maximize employee safety and industrial security. Better than the airlines.

30 Business aircraft are used commonly by key employees to
Extend management control and bring operational areas to a manageable size Facilitate company, supplier, and/or customer meetings in multiple cities per day Take practical and routine daily on-site supervision of facilities in different cities Reduce, sometimes dramatically, travel times to multiple locations versus public transportation Facilitate emergency meetings, including those involving the board, partners, and customers Efficiently reach remote locations Strengthen relationships with customers through shared private time enroute to a destination Facilitate rapid action on mergers and acquisitions, particularly for companies in remote locations

31 Customer Visits. Most businesses place customer contact at the top of their priority list. An integral part of such contacts involves face-to-face visits—visits to introduce new products, discuss existing product lines, explore new customer needs, and in general, be nice to the people who ultimately pay the bills. However, getting to customer locations, which frequently are poorly served by the airlines, can be a several-day chore. Since business aircraft have access to many more airports than do the airlines, a number of customer visits can be made in one day with the company “magic carpet.”

32 Visits via business aircraft can be used to
Attend customer-sponsored events, such as a grand opening. Service more than one destination in a day. Efficiently increase face-to-face contact with the customer, relationship building, interaction between people. “They think more highly of us when they see more of us.” Facilitate a lean senior staff. “We have a lean management, so it has to cover a wide area quickly.” Consequently, business aircraft can facilitate senior management participation in selling. Enable a team approach rather than a one-person attempt. “If there is a new business opportunity that requires a team visit, we dispatch them out on that call.” Demonstrate capability; establish or reinforce an image Support a customer in trouble. “Being there sometimes helps.”

33 Market Expansion. The attractiveness and potential of new geographic markets may be limited by a lack of physical access to those markets. Business aircraft can open potential new markets, including international ones, and provide dramatically improved access especially to rural areas. Market expansion is facilitated as much by attitude as by access. Business aircraft, because they can facilitate access, can lessen or remove perceived barriers to the management of new markets. Prospecting within new markets is the first step, often for potential local business partners. Business aircraft sometimes are used to facilitate meetings that take place at a halfway point into these new markets. A new class of business aircraft with nonstop ranges in excess of 7000 miles is making access to global markets practical and common. Almost every flight on business aircraft has an element of market expansion to it.

34 Management Team Travel
Management Team Travel. Management team travel is the most common use of business aircraft. These teams provide a critical mass of expertise, talent, and experience that can be applied to problems and challenges not found at the home base. Getting these individuals out to the problem area and back expeditiously makes good business sense.

35 Transporting Customers
Transporting Customers. A corollary to customer trips is the practice of bringing customers to your facilities to witness your excellence and to impress them with your knowledge and insight. Moreover, fetching customers in the company airplane makes a substantial impression on them; this means that they are very important people to you.

36 International Trips. The allure of emerging markets—both as potential suppliers and as customers—in China, India, and Russia is of increasing interest. Hundreds of business aircraft fly every day between North America and Europe, Asia, Africa, or South America. A surprising number of the aircraft used for this purpose are small to midsized jets. Many companies transport management teams internationally for multicity visits, some covering dozens of cities over multiple weeks.

37 Specialty Teams. Teams of engineering, troubleshooting, survey, and financial employees are commonly dispatched to rural or remote areas to Rapidly restore service at “down” facilities or sites Monitor, inspect, and review construction progress Install, modify, or dismantle equipment Deliver and install emergency parts Evaluate potential construction sites Attend or facilitate critical meetings Visit suppliers

38 Attract and Retain Key People.
Attraction: Companies commonly use business aircraft as recruiting tools to facilitate the interview and negotiation process for key prospective employees or business partners and their families. The greater the distance and the more rural the recruiting base, the greater is the apparent benefit of a company aircraft. Anything that helps motivate key employee recruitment is critical. The value of the first impression left on a prospective employee is very important. The use of business aircraft rapidly establishes credibility. Companies make regular flights to universities to recruit graduating students. Retention: Companies can keep personnel longer by making their days shorter. The use of business aircraft for commuting or other personal travel can be negotiated as part of a personal services contract.

39 Utilitarian. Business aircraft are used commonly as a convertible platform for mapping; aerial surveys, inspections, and photography; cattle ranching and herding; flying laboratories for airborne experiments or other research and development; educational laboratories; surveillance; and power-line and pipeline patrols, in addition to other uses.

40 Lobbying. Business aircraft can be used to transport elected or appointed officials. The use of business aircraft for the carriage of public officials is common at all levels of government. Specific Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regulations govern this practice. Legal restrictions also can limit the availability of sponsored travel for certain government employees. All travel of this type is routinely and publicly reported. In rare instances, business aircraft also are used to carry government officials to company-sponsored events. These can be unusual and invaluable opportunities for information exchange.

41 Yet some of the most important aspects of business aviation are immeasurable.
Security concerns have become very important for all travelers. The very personal, private, and well-controlled nature of business aviation makes this a very secure form of transportation, one that allays the concerns of most travelers. Fatigue is a major negative component of travel, especially when public transportation modes are used. Business aviation provides a secure, hassle-free environment that promotes a relaxed travel experience. Further, it is a lot easier to rest in the peace and quiet of an intimate personal space offered by business aircraft. “Road warriors,” those who spend a major portion of their time traveling, may become discouraged or even depressed at the thought of suffering the indignities associated with airline travel, innumerable nights on the road, and the stress associated with the entire process. On-demand air transportation provides a morale boost for weary travelers, permitting them to regain a better lifestyle and become more productive.

42 While the concepts of prestige and image are not normally considered in the employee business equation, the ability to use on-demand air transportation creates a very positive reaction in business travelers. Companies promote additional image and prestige items in many aspects of an executive’s life. Why not in the way they travel? This feature will permit the company to attract and retain the best and brightest performers. Companies rely on privacy and confidentiality in their daily operations to gain advantage over the competition. These features are also important in ensuring the safety and security of business travelers. It is difficult to work on confidential information in airport terminals and airliners because of prying eyes and ears. On-demand air transportation offers complete privacy, with just a few trusted operational personnel aware of destinations, schedules, and manifests. Finally, comfort and convenience may be overlooked or discounted as significant factors in business travelers. One has but to ask busy executives why they value the company aircraft, and these features usually will be among the most frequently mentioned.

43 Safety Most important aspect Customer expects safer journey
Owner- or employee-flown business aircraft enjoy a considerably better safety record than the whole of general aviation but lag slightly behind that of their corporate aviation brethren. This is understandable because these pilots are probably less experienced and fly aircraft that may be less capable than a corporate turbojet. Yet, while comparisons are difficult, traveling in an employee-flown business aircraft is safer than traveling an equivalent distance in an automobile.

44 The Future in Pakistan Over all future is expanding day by day.
In Pakistan alone jet flying increasing 2.5 % annually and flying hours are increasing 2.5 % annually..

45 Aircraft Characteristics
A four to six seater, single engine, piston powered is considered ideal for owner and employee flown operations. A four to eight seat twin engine piston powered a/c is next step, for increase power and range. A single engine turbo prop

46 Turboprop engines are one form of a gas turbine engine that is used in aircraft of varying sizes. Much of the power that is generated by a turbo prop engine goes toward the task of driving an exterior propeller. Generally today, a turboprop engine is an option that is used with smaller planes that do not require the stronger power and functionality of a turbojet engine. Turboprops have their origin in the first half of the 20th century. Most historians agree that the first true turboprop engine was developed in Hungary. Gvorgy Jendrassik is considered to the father of the turboprop, with his first small scale design for the engine appearing in More elaborate designs and extensive testing were conducted in a factory in Budapest between the years of 1939 and 1942. The United Kingdom was the site of the production and sale of the earliest mass marketed turbo prop engines. The Rolls Royce Company developed and marketed the RB.50 Trent, considered by many to have set the standard for later developments in turboprop technology. Rolls Royce made use of the knowledge acquired during the development of the Trent and later produced a highly reliable turboprop engine known as the Dart. The design and function of the Dart was such that production of the engine continued for over fifty years.

47 Turbo Prop


49 Turbo fan



52 On demand Aviation Methods
Great advantage of on-demand air transportation having no of methods Companies or individual don’t have to own aircraft Owner/employee-flown In-house flight department Management Company Joint ownership Interchange Time share Charter

53 Owner/employee-flown
Basic level The aircraft is purchased, leased or rented for business or private purpose. Wholly owned All expenses by the owner

54 In House Flight Department
Most Popular method Gives Max control over his own ac. All choices incl, ownership, scheduling, crewing, and training the crew , maintaining and operating remains with the user.

55 Management Company In this option, a/c is owned, or leased by a company, but contracts with a company to provide all functions regarding its operations.

56 Joint Ownership In this arrangements, two or more people or companies jointly own the a/c. One owner pays all expenses and the other manages all functions of operations.

57 Interchange In this option leasing an a/c to another person in exchange for equal time, when needed on that persons a/c.

58 Time Share Lending one’s a/c for discreet period to a second party and recouping a portion of the operating cost .

59 Charter Self explanatory

60 Choosing the best method
Each method has its own merits and demerits Evaluate their needs If requirement is less than hrs, then charter is the best option. Above 250, ownership is the best.

61 What user wants in on-demand air transportation
After lot of research following are the out come for passenger demand Safety Reliability Fame and good news about service provider Good Service Value worth pay Its all about control over operations

62 Methods Each method provides a slightly different type and level of service. No method is ideal for any class or type.

63 Private-use/ Employee-Flown Aircraft
Most basic type used by companies and individuals It is initiated by company owner or individual It provides flexibility, ability to create own’s travel schedule. High safety concerns, because companies owns expensive aircrafts, needs highly skilled plots and maintenance staff. This type occasionally may reduce the productivity also.

64 In-house Flight department
Most common type in the world. Owned or leased aircraft is flown by most and full time professional pilots. The aircraft are based and housed on owned, leased or rented hangers having offices for crew members. Some time maintenance and other facilities are out sourced to other companies. It offers, users the highest level of control over scheduling, response time, operations, utilization and maintenance A/C is completely owned or leased.

65 Management company In this method a company or individual contracts with an a/c management company to provide all necessary elements to operate the aircraft. For $ PER A/C, the management company provides, personnel, training to personnel, a base for operations, passenger scheduling, a/c services and maintenance. No control of the company over any thing.

66 Joint Ownership Two or more operators become registered owners of an a/c. One owner employs and furnishes the air crew, the others share the capital. Successful when owners don’t overlaps their schedules.

67 Interchange An owned a/c is leased to another entity in exchange for equal time in that entity’s a/c when needed. No charge or fee is made. Advantageous when two companies based on same airport using similar a/c.

68 Time Sharing It means an agreement where, a person or company leases its plane with flight crew to another person, to whom direct operating expenses of the a/c may be charged. Expenses includes:- Fuel, lubricants Travel expense of the crew Hangers Insurance Landing fee In flight food

69 Fractional Ownership Instead of buying entire business aircraft, one buys its fractional share, as ¼ or 1/6. Defines its usage as it pays fractional charges.

70 Charter It is like calling a taxi or limo for travel.
Easiest and least expensive High level of safety. Rates Single engine Twin engine 500 Twin engine 7 passenger 1000

71 With New Flight Charters, rest assured you have:
No deposits, pre-payments, up front costs, membership fees, etc. Comprehensive nationwide availability of private aircraft by top-rated operators. Flexibility to choose your specific aircraft & quote option, with no pre-payments One-way pricing with floating one-way aircraft and empty legs nationwide New Flight Charters' experts also carry personal FAA Airmen Certification Accident-Free history, with company core values of Service and Safety

72 Large Cabin Jets $4,000 - $7,600 hourly*
The flagships of our luxury jet charter service, these range in size from the 9-passenger Falcon 50 to the new 16-passenger Global Express. Most large cabins accommodate 9 to 13 passengers comfortably and include a Cabin Attendant, full hot galley for custom in flight catering, state of the art audio/video entertainment and a full walk-in lavatory. Cabin dimensions vary by type, and typically are 6' high, 7' wide and 30'+ long. Challenger aircraft feature a wider cabin while Gulfstream aircraft have greater cabin length. Most large cabins can also convert to sleeping arrangements for 4 to 6 passengers. Large cabin jets have international range of between 6 and 12 flight hours non-stop with fuel reserves. For luxury private charter flights, our large cabin jet charters are pinnacle in comfort, convenience and service.


74 Executive Turboprops $950 - $1,450 hourly*
The most economical option in our premium charter service. These aircraft use a turbine (jet) engine to drive the blades of a conventional propeller. They combine the reliability of a jet engine with superior short runway performance and flight characteristics to create the most agile executive charter aircraft. With a generous cabin space, the King Air series provides the most comfort for the charter dollar and more interior room baggage capacity than light cabin jets. In production for over 40 years, the King Air is the most successful business aircraft in history and the most popular choice for trips of 600 miles or less. The Swiss-made Pilatus PC-12 has experienced the most growth in recent years and rivals the King Air in performance, capability and cabin space, while slightly more economical.


76 Cost Components The general consensus is that if you fly from 200 to 300 hours per year, the hourly costs for owning an airplane will be about equal to the hourly costs of renting an equivalent airplane from a local broker. In a partnership, evaluate the total flying hours for the aircraft. This number of hours is required because there are substantial fixed costs associated with ownership: tiedown, insurance, annual inspections, taxes, and so on, which must be considered over flight hours. Other "rules of thumb" include: Operating costs exclusive of capital costs will be 3 to 4 times the cost of fuel.

77 Cost Components Allocate 2 times the cost of fuel plus an additional 25% for each 10 years life since the aircraft was manufactured Many people who own aircraft do so not to reduce the cost of flying but to improve its quality, convenience, and safety. With an owned aircraft, one can have the equipment in the condition, and the airplane will (well, mostly) be available. There's nothing like deciding the day before a major holiday weekend "oh, let's go flying to XYZ!" and find that the aircraft was down.

78 What are the expenses involved in owning an airplane
Fixed expenses - you'll incur these no matter how much or little you fly like paying insurance every year. Capital cost - the cost of the money you've tied up in the aircraft. Some pilots say "don't count this - the airplane is an investment and will appreciate". Others say "even if you buy it outright, you've got to look at what that money would earn you on the open market". Taxes - varies by state and county. Insurance - get several quotes before you buy. Can vary from a few hundred dollars a year to over $10K per year for a piston single. Factors influencing cost include coverage chosen (liability limits, hull limits), pilot qualifications (ratings, total time, time in type, violations/accidents), type of use (personal, commercial), etc. Hangaring or tiedown costs - vary from about $20/month to over $1000/month for a single-engine aircraft. Annual inspections - labor cost of the required annual inspection; repairs are additional. Paint and interior reserve (does vary somewhat with hourly operation, but typically more tied to age than flight time unless you fly a lot)

79 Cnt’d Variable expenses - these are typically proportional to hourly operation o Fuel o Oil changes every 25 or 50 hours of operation o Engine / propeller overhaul reserve o Maintenance reserve o Avionics reserve

80 Purpose of the business aircraft
Business Use Because the primary purpose of the aircraft is to support the mission of the company, the predominant use of ondemand aviation (whether on a company owned aircraft or via supplemental lift, such as charter) shall be for business purposes. Following are examples of business purposes for choosing business aviation that may apply to your company’s business aircraft utilization: Competitive edge in serving customers. A company with a business airplane can quickly reach customers if a product requires repairs or replacement, and/or transport customers to its facilities/offices.

81 Purpose of the business aircraft
Reach multiple destinations quickly and efficiently. Companies needing to fly to several locations in a single day often rely on business aviation, because that type of mission could be difficult or impossible to complete on the airlines or by driving or taking a train. Turn travel time into productive work time. Business aviation is a productivity tool – when traveling aboard business aircraft, employees can meet, plan and work en route, and also remain in communication with the home office. Business aviation also allows employees to discuss proprietary information in a secure environment, without fear of eavesdropping.

82 Purpose of the business aircraft
Business Use Because the primary purpose of the aircraft is to support the mission of the company, the predominant use of ondemand aviation (whether on a company owned aircraft or via supplemental lift, such as charter) shall be for business purposes. Following are examples of business purposes for choosing business aviation that may apply to your company’s business aircraft utilization: Competitive edge in serving customers. A company with a business airplane can quickly reach customers if a product requires repairs or replacement, and/or transport customers to its facilities/offices. Reach multiple destinations quickly and efficiently. Companies needing to fly to several locations in a single day often rely on business aviation, because that type of mission could be difficult or impossible to complete on the airlines or by driving or taking a train. Turn travel time into productive work time. Business aviation is a productivity tool – when traveling aboard business aircraft, employees can meet, plan and work en route, and also remain in communication with the home office. Business aviation also allows employees to discuss proprietary information in a secure environment, without fear of eavesdropping.

83 Ensure scheduling flexibility
Ensure scheduling flexibility. In today’s business environment, companies need to move quickly and respond to changing demands and circumstances. Unfortunately, 25 percent of airline flights are delayed, 3 percent are canceled entirely, and problems for travelers are compounded when connections between delayed and canceled flights are involved. Move sensitive equipment. Companies often need to quickly transport sensitive or critical equipment that won’t fit in an airliner’s overhead bin and can’t be checked in at an airport or shipped as cargo. Business aviation is often the best solution for rapid transit of the equipment. Transport teams of employees. Companies often send teams of employees to a given destination because it is the most cost-effective means of transport. NBAA surveys have shown that 72 percent of passengers aboard business airplanes are non-executive employees and the CEO is aboard the plane only 15 percent of the time. Efficiently fly to and from locations with limited or no airline service. Business aviation serves 5,000 communities versus the 500 airports served by the airlines. This means business aviation can allow companies to locate plants or facilities in small towns or rural communities with little or no airline service. Nearly 100 communities have lost airline service in the past year, meaning that business aviation is often the only option for reaching those locations.

84 Lease, Purchase and Charter
Well that's a very complex and personal decision. Many factors influence the decision process but basically these can be broken down into three main areas: Aircraft Usage Organisational Structure Financial Status

85 Aircraft Usage... If the frequency of flights is infrequent and the number of hours per month low (i.e. 150hrs for a B737NG) then rent, charter or use the airlines (if for personal usage). The exception to this would be that if you don't hold, or have access to, an Air Operators Certificate (AOC) then you could conduct your flights under a public charter.

86 Seasonal variations in aircraft capacity (such as summer vs
Seasonal variations in aircraft capacity (such as summer vs. winter or holidays like Hajj etc.) can obviously cause issues, either not enough planes in summer or too many planes in winter! One way to overcome the shortfall in aircraft during the peak seasons is to utilize lease agreement for the extra aircraft. If the airline has too many aircraft, either owned or leased, then they can offer their surplus aircraft in their low season to another airline that is in peak season.

87 Organisational structure...
If your organisation does not have, or access to, or does not intend to obtain an AOC then you cannot lease an aircraft for a commercial operation. In this situation flights can only be operated under a public charter contract. A third party airline or aircraft operator would perform the flights under their AOC and be responsible for all aspects of the flight. Tour operators and small start-up airlines may well use this option rather than going through the certification process before start-up.

88 Financial status... Cost of purchasing an aircraft can be restrictive to an airline that wants to start or expand it's fleet, leasing allows the cost to be spread across several years. At the lease term the Lessee can either renew the lease or returned the aircraft to the lessor, to be replaced with more modern aircraft.

89 Owner/ employee flown operation

90 Business Aircraft

91 The types of business aircraft vary widely, ranging from propeller-driven aircraft to jets to helicopters. The fleet includes everything from piston aircraft not much bigger than a car and capable of flying just a few hundred miles before re-fueling, to jets that seat more than a dozen people and are capable of making non-stop international flights. However, the vast majority of business aircraft seat six passengers in a cabin roughly the size of a large SUV and fly an average stage length of less than 1,000 miles. Depending on their capability, these aircraft may fly at altitudes below the airlines (below 20,000 feet) or above the airlines (above 40,000 feet).


93 Piston airplanes have one or more piston-powered engines connected to the propeller(s), which provide thrust to move the aircraft on the ground and through the air. Piston-powered aircraft most commonly use 100 octane low-leaded fuel and fly at altitudes below 15,000 feet. The inside of a typical piston aircraft seats 1-6 passengers is configured similar to the interior of a small car. Piston aircraft used for business typically fly relatively short missions of miles, using very small general aviation airports that are often without air traffic control towers. Manufacturers of piston-driven airplanes include the following companies: Cirrus Cessna Hawker Beechcraft Diamond Mooney


95 Turboprop aircraft have one or more gas-turbine engines connected to a gearbox that turns the propeller(s), to move the aircraft on the ground and through the air. Turboprop aircraft burn Jet-A fuel, are frequently larger than piston-powered aircraft, can carry more payload and passengers than their piston-powered counterparts and can typically fly higher than pistons, at altitudes up to 35,000 feet. Turboprop aircraft have lower operating costs than jets because they burn less fuel, but they are also slower than jets. Turboprops are an attractive option for businesses that need to fly missions requiring 600-1,000 miles of travel between general aviation airports that often have runways too short to accommodate jets. These aircraft vary in size, but the interior of a typical turboprop is the size of a large SUV, seats 6-8 people, and is often configured similar to a small office, where co-workers can meet and make productive use of time en route to a destination. Manufacturers of turboprop aircraft include the following companies: Cessna Hawker Beechcraft Piaggio Piper, Pilatus, Socata


97 Jet aircraft have one or more gas-turbine engines, which provide thrust to move the aircraft on the ground and through the air. Jet aircraft use Jet A fuel, often fly faster than turboprop aircraft and are capable of flying at higher altitudes than pistons or turboprops. Depending on their capability, these aircraft typically fly at altitudes below the airlines (20,000-25,000 feet) or above the airlines (above 40,000 feet). The size and flight range of jets varies widely - some have a single pilot and very small cabin, while others can accommodate a meeting-like environment and are capable of flying internationally.

98 The vast majority seat six passengers in a cabin roughly the size of a large SUV and fly an average stage length of around 1,000 miles. Like their turboprop counterparts, jet interiors are often configured similar to a small office, where co-workers can meet and make productive use of time en route to a destination. Jets are often faster than turboprops, making them attractive for businesspeople who need to reach a destination in the shortest possible amount of time. Like other general aviation aircraft, jets typically use small community airports. Manufacturers of jet aircraft include the following companies: Airbus Boeing Bombardier Cessna Dassault Falcon Jet Eclipse Embraer Emivest Aerospace Gulfstream Hawker Beechcraft

99 Running the Aviation Business

100 Normal Business Characteristics
Have a product to produce and sell Market the product Have customer to use it Receive compensation for their product Exercise control over all aspects of the enterprise Anticipate and respond to market forces and trends

101 Successful flight departments are run as a business, with a service to be provided as the product of their labors. They look toward being both effective at what they do and efficient as well. To do this, they employ accepted business and management practices, especially those used by the company or person for which they work. It is this mindset that allows them to become integrated into their principal’s or corporate structure and to measure their performance as a service. This allows them to become a part of the larger organization and still let them do what they came to do in the first place—operate aircraft.

102 Flight departments have a product—On demand air transportation—and customer—Passengers
But no other business indicators are fulfilled Marketing, control and response to markets are not usually pursued Because, flight departments enjoys monopoly status in the executive transportation field and protected from competition from out side agencies It should be run like other businesses which must stand alone

103 Flight Departments Operates as:
A demand or request is placed on the department for a trip Feasibility for the trip is determined Availability of a flight crew and suitable aircraft is determined The trip is confirmed and scheduled Detailed trip information is gathered and disseminated The trip is flown Flight information is recorded and stored

104 In order for this procedure to be accomplished a structure must be in place that will make the process as routine as possible. Policies, procedures, and record keeping system must be available to perform a variety of actions Personnel must be in place to perform the required functions within the organizational structure

105 Organization Flight departments are generally semiautonomous organizations owing to their location and technical complexity. However, since the goal of the flight department is to be fully integrated with the parent organization, a strong link to it should be cultivated. The department organization should be both functional and flat. That is, the three principal functions within the department—administration, operations, and maintenance— should be represented by key individuals; their relationship should be quite close, with little intervening bureaucracy.


107 Typical Flight Department Organization

108 Note that in smaller departments, an aviation manager is generally not needed; instead, a chief pilot is used to manage the operation. This is typical of single-aircraft operations. Also, reporting to the chief executive officer (CEO) or principal allows the chief pilot to have direct access to the individual who can both appreciate the flight department’s value and provide necessary support. In this size department there may or may not be an aviation maintenance technician. If assigned, this person takes care of all aircraft maintenance duties, except when large inspections are undertaken or specialized maintenance is required; in such cases, either contract employees are hired to assist or the aircraft is sent to a service center.

109 Scheduling Point of sale or ordering Policy
Passenger scheduling policies must be devised and published to provide prospective customer with information regarding use of aircraft

110 Procedure A formal procedure should be adopted to accommodate the passengers Procedure must be tied with the usage policy and promulgated throughout the company The procedure may include provision for informally checking on the availability of an aircraft but always should require the person requesting the trip to provide certain information in writing as

111 Name of the person Purpose of the trip Dates by segments Destinations Passengers Ground transportation Catering Desired Special information about baggage, medical, etc

112 After scheduling information is received the scheduler will research:
Aircraft and crew availability Suitable airport and Flight based operations ATC and airport slots Airport restrictions Airport hours of operations Noise considerations

113 Once it has been determined that flight is possible
It should be placed on flight schedule and confirmed to the requester in writing Trip is authorized and flown Some organizations have scheduling software

114 Trip Sheet Aircraft Logs' corporate trip sheets feature allow flight departments to capture the operational data necessary to manage their business.



117 Trip Sheet captures all the data necessary to manage your flight activity:
Flight Information On/Off Times - The trip sheet can be customized to track block and flight times exactly the way you do.  Regardless of whether you use Zulu times, local times, Hobbs readings or more - our trip sheet tracks your aircraft and your flights with precision. Times & Cycles - The system also keeps track of the aircraft Hobbs, engine cycles and more.  When you post a flight, the beginning numbers are already there, because the system remembers the readings from he last flight. Leg Distances - Airport identifiers are used to calculate distances between legs for tax and other purposes Flight Conditions - You can choose to record approaches, holds and landings directly on the trip sheet, automatically updating pilot logbooks and crew currency data. Fuel Burn & Purchases - The trip sheet provides a method to track your fuel burns and fuel purchases.  Simply record the numbers and you'll be able to track your fuel costs more effectively.

118 Crew Data Individual Crew Logbooks - Trip sheet data feeds crew-members' individual pilot logbooks (included). Selectable PIC and SIC roles post personal logbook times properly. See Sample Logbook Proper Credit - The trip sheet allows selection of Pilot Flying / Pilot Not Flying roles for approach and landing credit. Duty Times - Duty time is recorded based on block time, with standard pre-flight and post-flight time.

119 Passenger Manifest Other Features
Passenger Profile - The key information about each passenger, their role in your company, and their tax status can be captured and saved as their "passenger profile". Once added, you only need to select that passenger from a list. Quick Multi-Leg - In a second, you can check off which passengers flew on each leg.  You don't have to fill in a detailed manifest for each individual leg. Business Purposes - If you handle the financial matters, you can pick the "business purpose" or trip category for each passenger and each leg.  That lets you handle tax issues, cost sharing, or other items dependent on passengers' use of the aircraft.  Or, you can save the trip sheet and allow someone in your travel or finance department to edit the final tax details. Other Features Easily Printable - You can print and completed trip sheets in PDF format. Blank Forms - We provide a printable blank form which can be carried on-board the aircraft, to record your data for later input.

120 Aircraft scheduling Calendar

121 Flight Scheduling and Crew

122 Flight Mapping

123 International Scheduling
Requires extra efforts and scheduling

124 Administration Provides the foundation on which management is accomplished

125 Flight Department Administrative Elements
Communications Method Technologies Process Contents Control Processes Overall records Management Reports Personnel Qualifications Staffing Requirements Hiring Salary Actions Evaluating Terminating

126 Information Management Financials
Purchasing Billing Bill paying Budgets varients

127 Typical Administrative Procedures
Operations Scheduling-passenger, aircraft, crew Postflight record keeping-aircraft, crew, passenger Training Maintenance Scheduled maintenance planning Maintenance recordkeeping Parts inventory and control Accounting Expenses Purchasing Budging and variances General Personnel Facilities Crisis management

128 Finance and Accounting

129 Basic Financial Processes
Planning Budgeting Recording Controlling / Tracking Justifying

130 Personnel

131 Hiring Hiring process Right person for the right job

132 Motivation Motivating factors Organisational Behaviour

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