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Organization Development in

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Presentation on theme: "Organization Development in"— Presentation transcript:

1 Organization Development in
Global Settings

2 Growth of OD in Global Settings
The rapid development of foreign economies The increasing worldwide availability of technical and financial resources The emergence of a global economy

3 Cultural Values Context Power Distance Uncertainty Avoidance
Achievement Orientation Individualism

4 Context The extent to which meaning in communication is carried in the words Organizations in high context cultures tend to value ceremony and ritual, the structure is less formal, there are fewer written policies, and people are often late for appointments

5 Power Distance Extent to which members of a society accept that status and power are distributed unequally in an organization Organizations in these cultures tend to be autocratic, possess clear status differences, and have little employee participation

6 Uncertainty Avoidance
The extent to which members of a society tolerate the unfamiliar and unpredictable Organizations in these cultures tend to value experts, prefer clear roles, avoid conflict, and resist change

7 Achievement Orientation
The extent to which people in a society value assertiveness and the acquisition of material goods Organizations in these cultures tend to associate achievement with wealth and recognition, value decisiveness, and support clear sex roles

8 Individualism The extent to which people in a society believe they should be responsible for themselves and their immediate family Organizations in these cultures tend to encourage personal initiative, value time and autonomy, and accept competition

9 Cultural and Economic Contexts of International OD Practice
Cultural Fit with OD Practice Low High South Pacific South America Middle East India South Africa Moderate Level of Economic Development Central America Eastern Europe Asia United Kingdom Scandinavia USA High

10 Worldwide Organizations
Offer products or services worldwide Balance product and functional concerns with geographic issues Coordination must address complex personnel and cross-cultural issues Its competitive position in one national market is affected by its global integration and local responsiveness

11 The Integrative-Responsiveness Framework
High Global Orientation Transnational Orientation International Orientation Multinational Orientation Need for Global Integration Low High Low Need for Local Responsiveness

12 Worldwide Strategic Orientations
Offer products/services in more than one country Balance product and functional concerns with geographic issues of distance, time, and culture Carry out coordinated activities across cultural boundaries using a wide variety of personnel

13 Worldwide Strategic Orientations
The International The Global Orientation The Multinational Orientation The Transnational Orientation

14 International Strategic Orientation
Characteristics of the International Design Sell existing products/services to nondomestic markets Goals of increased foreign revenues Implementing the International Orientation OD facilitates extending the existing strategy into the new market Cross-cultural training and strategic planning

15 The Global Strategic Orientation
Characteristics of the Global Design Centralized with a global product structure Goals of efficiency through volume Implementing the Global Orientation OD supports career planning, role clarification, employee involvement, conflict management and senior management team building to help achieve improved operational efficiency OD helps the organization transition to global integration from local responsiveness

16 The Multinational Strategic Orientation
Characteristics of the Multinational Design Operate a decentralized organization Goals of local responsiveness through specialization Implementing the Multinational Orientation OD helps with intergroup relations, local management selection and team building OD facilitates management development, reward systems, and strategic alliances

17 Transnational Strategic Orientation
Characteristics of the Transnational Design Tailored products Goals of learning and responsiveness through integrations Implementing the Transnational Orientation Extensive selection and rotation Acquire cultural knowledge and develop intergroup relations Build corporate vision

18 Global Social Change Organizations
Their primary task is a commitment to serve as an agent of change in the creation of environmentally and socially sustainable world futures They have discovered and mobilized innovative social-organizational architectures They hold values of empowerment in the accomplishment of their global change mission They are globally-locally linked in structure, membership, or partnership and thereby exist as entities beyond the nation-state They are multi-organizational and often cross-sectoral

19 Application Stages of Global Social Change Organizations
Build the local organization Using values to create the vision Recognizing that internal conflict is often a function of external conditions Understanding the problems of success Create horizontal linkages Build a network of local organizations with similar views and objectives Develop vertical linkages Create channels of communication and influence upward to governmental and policy-level, decision-making processes

20 Global Social Change Organizations OD Roles and Skills
Bridging Role Stewardship Role Communication Skills Negotiation Skills Networking Skills

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