Presentation on theme: "What are the Minimum Standards and"— Presentation transcript:
1 Minimum Standards for Child Protection and the UNHCR Framework for Protection of Children What are the Minimum Standards andFramework for the Protection of Children?What are they used for and how?Principle similaritiesLinkages and comparisons
2 Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action Overview:Intended to cover gaps and support child protection work in humanitarian settings.Establish common principles amongst those working in child protection, and to strengthen coordination between themImprove quality of child protection programming, and its impact for childrenImprove accountabilityFurther define the professional field of child protectionProvide a synthesis of good practice and learning to dateEnable better advocacy and communication on child protection risks, needs and responses.
3 Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action How are the Minimum Standards used?Plan and cost humanitarian interventionsEstablish common and measureable expectations regarding scope & quality of child protection services provided to children, their families and communitiesEstablish agreement on common principles between different actors, such as the different members of Child Protection coordination mechanismMotivate and enable those working in other sectors of humanitarian action to protect children better.Guide and evaluate quality and effectiveness of humanitarian interventionsInduct and train new staff or partnersAs a self-learning tool and reference textEnable advocacy on CP issuesM & E
4 CPMS in refugee settings • CPMS is not developed specifically for refugee situations – butshould guide UNHCR CP emergency response• Complements UNHCR specific child protection guidance (e.g. BIDguidance, CP Framework etc.)• Does not address specific issues relating to children in refugeeprocedures (e.g. registration, RSD, durable solutions) - for theseprocedures specific UNHCR guidance applies.• Developed for emergencies, but can also serve as a guide forprotracted situations
5 Similar Guiding Principles The FrameworkMinimum Standards-Accountability-Family and community based approach-Do no harm-Non-discrimination-Age, Gender and diversity-Best interests of the child-Partnership-State responsibility- Urgency-Child participationAssist people to claim their rights, access available remedies and recover from the effects of abuseAvoid Exposing people to further harm as a result of your actionsEnsure people’s access to impartial assistanceStrengthen child protection systemsProtect people from physical & psychological harm arising from violence and coercionStrengthen children’s resilience in humanitarian action*Colors correlate to similarities in principles.*
6 A Framework for the Protection of Children Broadens UNHCR’s understanding of and engagement in the protection of children. The Framework articulates 6 goals and offers guidance on how to achieve them.The Six Goals are:Girls and boys are safe where they live, learn and playChildren’s participation and capacity are integral to their protectionGirls and boys have access to child-friendly proceduresGirls and boys obtain legal documentationGirls and boys with specific needs receive targeted supportGirls and boys achieve durable solutions in their best interests
7 Broader scope of Child Protection A broad ‘rights-based approach’ focuses on ensuring protection for all children of concern rather than focusing more narrowly on specific categories of children.State Responsibility States are primarily responsible for the protection of children:they need to establish and implement child protection systems inaccordance with their international obligations, ensuring non-discriminatory access to all children under their jurisdiction.Child Protection SystemsThe Framework applies a child protection systems approach thatincludes actions for duty bearers at all levels – family, community,national and international – to mitigate and respond to the protectionrisks children are facing.Prevention and Response Establish mechanisms which prevent and respond to children’s protection risks, including referral pathways to child-sensitive health, psychosocial and care services.The six goals are: Girls and boys are safe where they live, learn and play Children’s participation and capacity are integral to their protection Girls and boys have access to child-friendly procedures Girls and boys obtain legal documentation Girls and boys with specific needs receive targeted support Girls and boys achieve durable solutions in their best interests
8 A Framework for the Protection of Children Promotes a systems approach supports the comprehensive protection of children:- Legal and policy framework- Coordination- Prevention and response activities- Knowledge and data- Human and financial capacities- Advocacy and awareness raisingFramework applies a child protection systems approach that includes actions for duty bearers at all national and international levels including family and community.Assists in the mitigation and response to the protection risks children are facing. Recognizes that all actors contribute to the comprehensive protection of children.
9 Monitoring implementation of the CPMS UNHCR has standard pre-set indicators for all programme areas, including child protection.(Outlined in the Results Based Management framework)Many Child Protection indicators are closely aligned with the CPMS indicators.Field level partnership agreements (‘IP agreements’) can include additional indicators, including CPMS indicators.
10 Indicator linkages Reunification Reunification Framework: Goal 5 – Targeted support for children with specific needs:Framework: Goal 6 – Children receive durable solution in their best interests:% of registered UASC in appropriate interim or long-term alternative care% of UASC for whom a best interest process has been initiated or completed% of UASC for whom tracing has reached an outcome (either positive or negative)Minimum Standards: Standard 13- Unaccompanied and Separated Children:Surveillance systems and services are in place to prevent unnecessary separations% of registered UASC in appropriate and protective case arrangements% of registered UASC in appropriate interim or long-term alternative care% of registered unaccompanied children in long term alternative care who are receiving monitoring visits at least once a monthCoordination with ICRC and other partners on family reunification established# of family contacts restored between separated family members# of persons of concern provided with information on family reunification proceduresSOPs for family reunification established or reflected in generic SOPsNote: Indicators are from UNHCRs Results Framework for 2014Mechanisms in place for registration and receiving information and for active tracing of immediate family members and relatives% of children who have received at least one follow-up visit within one month of being reunited with caregivers% of registered UASC who are reunited with their caregivers% of children registered for tracing that has been reunified and stayed with their family for more than 6 monthsUnaccompanied and Separated Children Unaccompanied and Separated ChildrenReunification Reunification
11 Indicator linkages Sexual Violence Education Recruitment Harmful PracticesFramework: Goal 5 – Targeted Support for children with specific needs:# of instances reported and verified by UNHCR of rape or other forms of sexual violence against children committed by armed groups/armed forces# of reported incidents of SGBV per year (note: indicator not specific to children)# of partner, government and UNHCR staff trained on SGBV prevention and response (note: indicator not specific to children)Minimum Standards: Standard 9 - Sexual Violence:There is a thorough understanding of how sexual violence is viewed by families and communities before programming% of projects and initiatives dealing with sexual violence that are clearly involving other sectors# of social workers, law-enforcement staff and health-service providers trained on child-appropriate responses to sexual violenceGoal 1 – Children are safe where they live, learn and play:# of children with specific needs enrolled in school% of schools with a policy to use positive discipline methods (non-corporal punishment)% of schools that enforce a teacher code of conduct that has been developed in a participatory wayExtent persons of concern have access to national education systems (note: this indicator is specific to UNHCR)Minimum Standards: Standard 20 – Education and CP:% of boys and girls of different ages (including those w/disabilities) able to access schools and other learning opportunities% of active-duty educators trained on child protection threats and strategies to tackle threats% of formal and informal education environments that are regularly monitored with the aim of deciding whether both girls and boys are protected from abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence in that environment.Framework: Goal 5 – Targeted Support for children with specific needs:Measures to identify and minimize forced recruitment implemented# of cases of recruitment or use of children by armed groups/armed forces reported and deemed credible by UNHCRMinimum Standards: Standard 11– CAAFAG:% of targeted communities where 80% of those surveyed can describe commonly agreed strategies to prevent and report child recruitment% of humanitarian workers surveyed who demonstrate a clear understanding of how to identify % report cases of child recruitment and useGoal 1 – Children are safe where they live, learn and play:Extent girls and boys are protected against harmful practicesNote: This indicator defines harmful practices as “practices that are detrimental to the health, safety, and development of children. These harmful practices include but are not limited domestic violence against children, physical and sexual abuse, corporal punishment, female genital mutilation (FGM), early or forced marriage...”Minimum Standards: Standard 8– Physical Violence and Harmful Practices:Strategies to prevent and respond to physical violence and harmful practices are incorporated into emergency-response programming# of campaigns with key messages on physical violence and harmful practices% of project proposals on CP that include information on local attitudes to physical violence and harmful practices in the affected communities.Note: Indicators are from UNHCRs Results Framework for 2014
12 A Framework for the Protection of Children Core comparisons:The Framework and Minimum Standards both:Have key actions and guidance notes associated with goals/indicatorsTake on a more holistic approach to child protection, involving multiple actors than simply focusing on individual child.Could be used as tools to guide decision-making and referenceAddress the needs of the child as the fundamental goal