Presentation on theme: "AGED 4713 By Manuel Corro AGED 4713"— Presentation transcript:
1 AGED 4713 By Manuel Corro AGED 4713 11/20/01The AmericasBy Manuel CorroAGED 4713Manuel Corro
2 The American Continent Three in oneNorth AmericaCentral AmericaSouth America
3 North America Canada The United States Mexico North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA 1994)
4 Latin AmericaLatin America, the entire western hemisphere south of the United States.Latin America comprises those countries of the Americas that developed from the colonies of Spain, Portugal, and France.
5 Latin AmericaBecause these European powers used languages derived from Latin, the term Latin America was devised to designate the parts of the New World that they colonized.SpanishPortugueseFrench
6 Latin AmericaSpanish is the official language in 17 countries in North, Central And South America and Two Caribbean countriesOne Portuguese country: BrazilFrench: Haiti
7 Non Latin countries Central America South America: Caribbean English: BelizeSouth America:English: GuyanaDutch: SurinameCaribbeanEnglish: Jamaica, Barbados, Grenada, and Trinidad and Tobago
9 Mexican Southern states YucatánQuintana RooCampecheTabascoChiapasCapital cityMéridaChetumalCampecheVillahermosaTuxtla GutiérrezQuintana Roo has border with BelizeCampeche has borders with Belize and GuatemalaTabasco and Chiapas have border with Guatemala
11 Central America 7 countries 521,500 sq km(201,300 sq mi) 36.4 million inhabitantsGeographers defined: from isthmus of Tehuantepec (southern Mexico) to ColombiaFarming is the leading economic activityThe principal cash crops, such as coffee, bananas, sugarcane, and cotton.
12 Central America Countries and capital cities GuatemalaBelizeEl SalvadorHondurasNicaraguaCosta RicaPanamaGuatemalaBelizeSan SalvadorTegucigalpaManaguaSan JosePanama
13 Foreign TradeAbout half of Central America's intercontinental trade is with the United States and Canada. Almost all the rest is with Western Europe, Mexico, and countries of South America.The main exports are basic commodities: bananas, coffee, cacao, meat, chicle, cotton, mahogany, balsa, hides and skins, and rubber.Caribbean Basin Initiative (1984) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (1994)
14 Caribbean countries Cuba Jamaica Haiti Dominican Republic Barbados GrenadaTrinidad and TobagoLa Habana (Havana)KingstonPort PrinceSanto DomingoBridgetownSt. George’sPort of Spain
16 South America:South America, fourth largest of the Earth's continents (after Asia, Africa, and North America)17,820,900 sq km (6,880,700 sq mi), or 12 percent of the Earth's land surface.2000 estimated population of 348 million, or 6 percent of the world's people.
17 South America: Countries and Capital cities ColombiaVenezuelaEcuadorBrazilPeruBoliviaParaguayArgentinaUruguayChileBogotaCaracasQuitoBrasiliaLimaLa PazAsuncionBuenos AiresMontevideoSantiago
18 South America: Non Latin countries GuyanaSurinameFrench GuianaGeorgetownParamariboCayenne
19 South America: People Language: Ethnology: Diverse ethnic heritage 9 countries speak Spanish1 country speaks PortugueseOther languages: English, Dutch and FrenchParaguay 2 official languages: Spanish & GuaraníEthnology: Diverse ethnic heritageEuropeans: Spaniards, Portuguese,Native AmericansAfrican blacksMestizoMulatto
20 South America: PeopleTotal population 348 million50 %
21 South America: Agriculture Most crop and livestock production in South America is for home consumption and domestic markets.Staple food:Root crops: potatoes and cassavaGrains: rice, wheat, beans, and cornExport-oriented agriculture is pursued in the tropical areas and mid-latitudes.
22 South America: Agriculture (continued) Tropical crops, coffee is the most important (southeastern Brazil and in west central Colombia)Cacao is important in eastern Brazil and west central Ecuador.Bananas are grown for export in Colombia and western EcuadorSugarcane for export in coastal Peru, Guyana, Suriname, and northeastern and southeastern Brazil for export and domestic markets.
23 Argentina and Uruguay have good grass grassy plains for raising cattle.
24 South America: Agriculture (continued) Argentine wheat, corn, linseed, beef, mutton, hides, and wool are important items of international trade.Uruguay has a long-standing export trade dominated by beef, wool and hides.In southeastern Brazil soybeans have, since the 1970s, become an important export crop. Soybeans are less important in Argentina
25 South America: tradeMost of South America's trade is intercontinental, the United States, Western Europe, and Japan being major trading partners. Petroleum and its derivatives are the principal components of foreign trade.Brazil and Venezuela dominate the continent's export trade, and Brazil accounts for much of the imports.
26 South America: trade (continued) Venezuela's crude and refined oil production drive the economy, accounting for about three-quarters of the country's revenue from exports.A founding member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), most of Venezuela's oil production goes to the United States after refining in the Netherlands Antilles.
27 South America: tradeThe development of free trade, beginning in the late 1960s with the Andean Pact (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela)Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR) (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, with Bolivia as an associate member)The Group of Three (Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela)North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), has greatly improved South America's economic prospects.
28 São Paulo is one of Brazil's major manufacturing centers.