Who are we looking at? “ESL Teachers” Second language acquisition Cultural components ESL standards, curriculum & assessment Best instructional practice for ELLs Training or experience with content areas? “Teachers of ELLs” Any teacher with ELLs Any subject Any grade level Generalists & specialists Training or experience with ELLs & SLA?
What do they all need to know about second language learners?
5 Stages of Second Language Acquisition Preproduction Early Production Speech Emergence Intermediate Fluency Advanced Fluency
5 Stages of Second Language Acquisition Affects: Questioning strategies Response expectations Level of independence Level of collaboration
So we need to ask: “What are the language acquisition stages of your ELL students? How is this lesson tailored to their levels?”
Best Curricular Practice: Dual Objectives Language Goals Content Goals
Usually drawn from state standards for the content area Recognized by verbs related to knowledge of the content area: identify, analyze, rank, construct, graph, divide, solve, visualize, design. Content Goals
Address the language needed to engage with the academic content, perform classroom tasks, and achieve the content objectives: read, write, listen, list, tell, discuss, journal, record, persuade, debate, draft Also key vocabulary, language functions, grammar or structures, and language learning strategies. Language Goals
So we need to ask: “What are the lesson’s content objectives and language objectives? How did you determine these objectives?”
Best Instructional Practice for ELLs Start with what the kids bring, know, are. Culture Language Personal Experiences Academic Experience
Best Instructional Practice for ELLs Provide lots of comprehensible input. Speak slowly & clearly Minimize idiom Use gestures & visuals Check comprehension frequently
Best Instructional Practice for ELLs Provide lots of opportunity to use English. Students speaking a lot Affirm communicative ability Correct with modeling Check comprehension frequently
Best Instructional Practice for ELLs Keep anxiety low.
So we need to ask: “What are your instructional strategies specific to ELLs? How will you check ELL student comprehension and learning?”
Always Best Practice Student engagement Higher order thinking skills Differentiation Collaboration Data-driven instruction More … Student engagement
So we need to ask: “How does this lesson demonstrate great teaching and engaged learning?”
More Resources http://rbern.ocmboces.org/ Click on left sidebar “Lead Evaluator Training” Many other resources on the RBERN site.