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Devilish Web Services Composition and Orchestration Engine Students: Flavio Palandri antonelli Alessandro Porfiri Seminars in Software Engineering courses.

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Presentation on theme: "Devilish Web Services Composition and Orchestration Engine Students: Flavio Palandri antonelli Alessandro Porfiri Seminars in Software Engineering courses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Devilish Web Services Composition and Orchestration Engine Students: Flavio Palandri antonelli Alessandro Porfiri Seminars in Software Engineering courses project 2007/2008 Professor Giuseppe De Giacomo

2 Web Services Software modules designed to support interaction between heterogeneous systems in a network or in internet public interface description of available operation Standard communication protocols Interaction via standard messages Great diffusion of Web Services systems Many functionalities already implemented and available

3 Client Service request Community Service 1 Service n mapping Scenario – Web Services Composition Service 2 mapping A client requires a TARGET service to be implemented All functionalities are already implemented in other AVAILABLE SERVICES Idea: we could realize the TARGET service combining Availables

4 Objectives Analyzing Services Composition Problem from a theoretical point of view Studying Web Services technologies Understanding tools already implemented to build automatically the composition WSCE TLV Development of a tool able to manage the whole process Build Composition Generate and publish Target Service Manage the orchestration of services

5 Abstract services rapresentation We need to abstract from service implementation We rapresent only the service behavior TRANSTION SYSTEM

6 Composition actors Available Services Existing services Rapresented by TS We will consider also non deterministic behavior Target Is the service requested by the client Rapresented by TS Only deterministic Orchestrator The composition manager

7 Composition

8 Who is orchestrator?

9 Build composition 1.Enconding the condition: in a PDL formula and checking its satisfability 2.Via Simulation Can we reproduce Targets behavior with any one Available Services combination?

10 Simulation – The Community

11 Simulation Relation

12 Simulation Algorithm

13 Composition via simulation

14 Composition exists iff Simulation exists

15 OG the Orchestrator Generator

16 Non deterministic behavior

17 Simulation with nondeterminism

18 OG with nondeterminism

19 TLV A tool for computing composition Target + Community Synth-inv.tlv TLV OG or unrealizable Temporal Logic Verifier LTL based Computes composition via simulation indirectly Automatically computes the OG if realizable

20 TLV / 2 Target + Community file smw

21 TLV / 3 Simulation constraints:

22 TLV /4 If composition is realizable TLVs output is the OG

23 How to create smw file? WSCE (web service composition engine) its like a wrapper for TLV Creates smw file from target and available services TS descriptions Execute TLV on smw file From TLV result produce sql script to store the OG table into a DB WSCE TLV TS descriptions WSTSL OG table Script sql

24 WSCE /1 - Input TS of target and services are described with the xml language WSTSL

25 WSCE /2 - Output STATEIN_ACTTargetStateState_S1State_S2State_S3OUT_ACT S1Login00001 S2searchByAuthor11002 S3searchByTitle11003 S4Listen21102 S5Listen21013 OG Table – one for each composition case WSCE produce also NEXTSTATE[source, target] table Given in_act, Tstate and Si_states Now, we just need to develop a tool able to manage the orchestration using this table

26 DIGRESSION – WS technologies Web services are software systems offering operations to remote clients Available operations are described through the service interface WSDL Clients communicate with service via SOAP messages on HTTP protocol Example of a Java Web Service public class Login { int stato = 0; boolean loggedin; public String doLogin(String user)throws Exception{ if(stato != 0){ throw new Exception(Illegal operation"); } stato = 1; loggedin = true; return User logged in; } public String doLogout(String user)throws Exception{ if(stato != 1){ throw new Exception(Illegal operation"); } stato = 0; loggedin = false; return User logged out; } 01 login logout

27 DIGRESSION - Axis Axis is a open source tool for publishing web services (in this way software modules become WS) Managing clients interaction with WS (request/response) It runs in a web container (Tomcat) To publish a service Axis needs Class files and the services descriptor file WSDD <deployment xmlns="" xmlns:java=""> Service name Service class Service methods Conversation: Session = stateful Request = stateless Application = singleton Publishing using command java adminClient login.wsdd

28 DIGRESSION – Service Interface Publishing the service, axis produce the service interface WSDL with all informations of service needed by clients Service name and address Methods Output parameter Input parameters ComplexType (any non standard Object managed by the service, example Person, Product, Order...) WSDL are always accessible, to build the WS Target we will need all Available Services WSDL.

29 Our part in this project We want to complete the whole composition and orchestration process, developing missing elements Orchestrator: a tool able to manage requests from Target Service, finding and delegating the operation to the right Available Service, using informations stored in the OG Table produced by WSCE. Basically Target will demand all client requests to the orchestrator TargetGenerator: a direct extension of WSCE, reading OG and Available Service WSDL produces and publishes the Target Web Service on Axis

30 Orchestrator /1 General Scenario Implementation of orchestrator program P(h,a) = i, and even more Client invokes Target operation Target demands client operation request to the orchestrator The Orchestrator access OG Table to find the index of the Available Service able to resolve the operation The Orchestrator invoke the operation to selected service Result is returned to client through Target Service. To get the index of available service from the OG, the orchestrator needs: Requested action Target state All Available Services states

31 Orchestrator /3 Services states Is orchestrator able to retrieve the status of services? Target State: Yes always Target is deterministic Orchestrator can get Target initial state from OG Table At each step the orchestrator can get the new TargetState given Input Action and Orchestrator State using the NEXTSTATE table Available Services states: depends Deterministic: yes it could easily retrieve it from the OG Table Non deterministic: No, orchestrator must query all AS to retrieve their status Available Services have to manage their status They must offer a int getStatus() remote operation Connection with between Orchestrator and all services must be stateful

32 Orchestrator /2 Architecture - Unique component for every target (reuse) - An instance of orchestrator for each target - Orchestrator must be able to manage requests from Concurrent Clients

33 Orchestrator /4 Composition infos Orchestrator is indipendent from composition case The component must be usable from any target Target has to initialize his own orchestrator with composition infos: Name of OG table List of avalable service Service index Service name Service address Complex type classes list

34 Orchestrator /5 Initialization Orchestrator Initialization: Receives all informations from Target For each Available Service establish a stateful connection: Call, mantained during the whole conversation with that client Registers all ComplexTypes classes Operation invocation Using Calls to retrieve states from services Using Call to invoke operation to selected service

35 Orchestrator /6 Concurrency Each Client has a Session with an instance of WS target Each Target has instance of orchestrator Each Orchestrator has a Session with every available services. This way Concurrency is guaranteed

36 Orchestrator /7 OP invocation Initialization: only for the first invocation Operation invocation

37 Orchestrator /8 Implementation

38 Orchestrator /9 Distribution Distributed as library Targets generated automatically are already made to use this library User can also build manually their own Target using Orchestrators API

39 Target Generator /1 How do we build the Target Service? User can make the java class, publishing it manually User can use the TargetGenerator to build it in 1 minute INPUT OG script provided by WSCE WSDL files one for each available service OUTPUT Target web service published on Axis ready to receive requests OG Table stored in Mysql DB

40 Target Generator /2 Operations To register a service Axis needs class file of target service, wsdd file, class files of ComplexType Creates java file of target and complextypes (ex person, product) Compiles all files Creates wsdd of target Publishes target service on Axis using AdminClient

41 Target Generator /3 The whole process

42 Target Generator /4 Class Schema Target must import orchestrator.jar Class header, class name is taken from input Global variable of the Orchestrator Constructor Prepare all informations needed for composition OG tablename Array of ServiceInfo (name, address) //index is cabled in the array structure List of ComplexTypes classes Orchestrator = new Orchestrator(tablename, serviceInfos, complexTypes) Sequence of dummy methods representing remote operations of Service Method header Output parameter Input parameters Operation demanded to orchestrator, orchestrator.invoke(op) Result returned to client

43 Target Generator /5 Architecture All informations needed are retrieved from WSDL files of Available Services using WSDLParser

44 Target Generator /6 Execution flow

45 Target Generator /7 init Data Target Generator parses WSDL of Available Services to retrieve composition infos Services name, address ComplexTypes Methods

46 Running Tools Example 1 – Test1ND: a Web Service to listen songs Example 2 – MediaStore: tipical E- Commerce application with interactive client Other example can be found on the documentation

47 TS Example – Test1ND

48 Example of WSTSL SearchByAuthorND.wstsl <TS xmlns='' xmlns:xsi='' xsi:schemaLocation=' file:/D:/sviluppo SW/FSMJ5Updated/FSM/ts.xsd' service="SearchByAuthorND"> Example – Test1ND

49 Java file of service package test1NDCommunity; public class SearchByAuthorND{ int stato = 0; public String SearchByAuthor(String author) throws Exception{ if(stato != 0){ throw new Exception("Service is not able to execute this operation in this state"); } String canzone = ""; if(!author.equals("Paul")){ stato = 1; canzone = "yesterday"; } else{ //ND the service doesn't work with input Paul, keep state 0 canzone = "NOT FOUND"; } return canzone; } public String Listen(String name)throws Exception{ if(stato != 1){ throw new Exception("Service is not able to execute this operation in this state"); } stato = 0; return name+"...yesterday, all my troubles seems so far away..."; } public int getStatus(){ return stato; } Example – Test1ND

50 Example of WSDD Example – Test1ND SearchByAuthorND.wsdd <deployment xmlns="" xmlns:java="">

51 After published all service User has to download WSDL of Available Service to prepare the wsdl directory 1 Execute WSCE C:\wsce-lite-dist_0.1>java -jar wsce.jar test1ND 2 Generate target C:\wsce-lite-dist_0.1>java -jar targetgenerator.jar test1nd 3 Execute client C:\wsce-lite-dist_0.1\Composizioni\test1ND\services\ Example – Test1ND

52 Another example - TS Example – MediaStore

53 Example of WSTL Example – MediaStore CartManagement.wstsl <TS xmlns='' xmlns:xsi='' xsi:schemaLocation=' file:/D:/sviluppo SW/FSMJ5Updated/FSM/ts.xsd' service="CartManagement">

54 Example of WSDD with complex type CartManagement.wsdd <deployment xmlns="" xmlns:java=""> Example – MediaStore

55 Java file of an Available Service Example – MediaStore package mediaStoreCommunity; import java.util.*; public class CartManagement { private int state = 0; private Vector cart; public CartManagement() { cart = new Vector(); } public Vector viewCart(){ state = 1; return cart; } public Product addToCart(Product p){ cart.add(p); return p; } public void removeFromCart(Product p) throws Exception{ if(state!=1){ throw new Exception("Invalid operation request for this state"); } Iterator it = cart.iterator(); while(it.hasNext()){ Product p2 = (Product); if(p2.getCode() == p.getCode()) it.remove(); } public int getStatus(){ return state; }

56 Java file of complex type Example – MediaStore package mediaStoreCommunity; import*; public class Product implements Serializable{ private int code; private String name; private String type; private double price; public Product(){ } public int getCode(){ return code; } public void setCode(int c){ code = c; } //set e get di tutti i metodi }

57 After published all service java org.apache.axis.client.AdminClient.wsdd 1 Execute WSCE C:\wsce-lite-dist_0.1>java -jar wsce.jar MediaStore 2 Generate target C:\wsce-lite-dist_0.1>java -jar targetgenerator.jar MediaStore 3 Execute client C:\wsce-lite-dist_0.1\Composizioni\MediaStore\services\ Example – MediaStore

58 Target created package MediaStore; import orchestrator.*; import javax.xml.rpc.ServiceException; import java.util.*; public class MediaStore { private Orchestrator orchestrator;private String tablename; public MediaStore() throws Exception{ tablename = "MediaStore"; ServiceInfo[] services = new ServiceInfo[4]; services[0] = new ServiceInfo("", "urn:CartManagement"); services[1] = new ServiceInfo("", "urn:ProductList"); services[2] = new ServiceInfo("", "urn:CheckOutService"); services[3] = new ServiceInfo("", "urn:BuyService"); LinkedList complexTypes = new LinkedList (); complexTypes.add(Product.class); orchestrator = new Orchestrator(services, tablename, complexTypes); } public Product addToCart(Product in0)throws Exception{ Object[] params = {in0}; Object risposta = orchestrator.invokeOperation("addToCart", params); return (Product)risposta; } public java.util.Vector viewCart()throws Exception{ Object[] params = {}; Object risposta = orchestrator.invokeOperation("viewCart", params); return (java.util.Vector)risposta; } public void removeFromCart(Product in0)throws Exception{ Object[] params = {in0}; Object risposta = orchestrator.invokeOperation("removeFromCart", params); } public java.util.Vector getProductList()throws Exception{ Object[] params = {}; Object risposta = orchestrator.invokeOperation("getProductList", params); return (java.util.Vector)risposta; } public String buy(double in0)throws Exception{ Object[] params = {in0}; Object risposta = orchestrator.invokeOperation("buy", params); return (String)risposta; } public double checkOut(java.util.Vector in0)throws Exception{ Object[] params = {in0}; Object risposta = orchestrator.invokeOperation("checkOut", params); return (Double)risposta; } public int getStatus(){ return orchestrator.getTargetState(); } } Example – MediaStore

59 Conclusions Users can build their Target Service in 5 minutes componing existing services Build Target manually using orchestrators API Build Target automatically ComplexTypes are managed The whole orchestration process is now completely working Client concurrency Target itself may be an Available Service for another case of Composition Problems Available Services have to manage their state and offer the getStatus operation We could spread in internet a Componible interface to be implemented Extensions Intergration of WSCE and TargetGenerator The tool should be accessible remotely, with user friendly interface Extension to RMI services

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