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Windows 2008 Overview Lecture 1. Windows Networking Evolution Windows for Workgroups – peer-to-peer networking built into the OS Windows NT – separate.

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Presentation on theme: "Windows 2008 Overview Lecture 1. Windows Networking Evolution Windows for Workgroups – peer-to-peer networking built into the OS Windows NT – separate."— Presentation transcript:

1 Windows 2008 Overview Lecture 1

2 Windows Networking Evolution Windows for Workgroups – peer-to-peer networking built into the OS Windows NT – separate server and client versions, emphasis on client/server model, improved security, NTFS Windows 2000 – improved interface, reliability and manageability, Active Directory Windows 2003 – server only, “face-lift” - improved interface and management features Windows 2008 – improved security, management features, reliability Window 2012 – improved virtualization, security, new file system (ReFS)

3 Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition  Most basic server version  Everyday needs of small to large businesses  Used on x86 and x64 computers  Compatible with MS.NET Framework and Visual Studio.NET  Multiprocessor computers (SMP)  Hyper-V Virtualization environment (only on x64 computers  Supports: File and print sharing Essential network services Application and other sharing

4 Windows 2008 Platforms:  Windows 2008 Server Standard Edition - 32 or 64-bit versions, up to 4GB/32GB RAM  Windows 2008 Server Enterprise Edition - up to 64GB of RAM (32-bit version) or 2TB RAM (64-bit version), Hot Add Memory, fault tolerant memory sync, clustering, unlimited remote users  Windows 2008 Server Datacenter Edition - up to 64 GB of RAM (32-bit) OR up to 2TB RAM (64-bit), up to 64 SMP, hot-add memory, hot-add processor, hot-replace processor, Hyper-V  Windows 2008 Server Web Edition - optimized for IIS, up to 4GB (32-bit) or up to 32 GB (64-bit), can’t host AD, no Hyper-V  Windows 2008 Server for Itanium-based Systems - up to 512 SMP, up to 2TB of RAM, hot-add memory, hot-add and hot- replace processor, clustering (no longer an option in Server 2012)  Also available: Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter editions without Hyper-V

5 Server Clustering - The ability to increase the access to server resources and provide fail-safe services by linking two or more discrete computer systems so they appear to function as though they are one - Advantages Increases computer speed to complete server tasks faster Provides more computing power for handling resource-hungry applications

6 Server Clustering

7 Hyper-V Enables Windows Server 2008 to offer a virtualization environment Advantages of Hyper-V compared with Microsoft’s earlier Virtual Server 2005 R2 Can run 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems at the same time Can run on SMP computers Can access larger memory segments

8 Windows Server 2008 Features Server Manager Security Clustering Enhanced Web services Windows Server Core Windows PowerShell Virtualization Reliability Multitasking and multithreading

9 Server Manager Manage configuration from one tool View computer configuration information Change properties of a system View network connections Configure Remote Desktop Configure security Configure server roles Add and remove features Run diagnostics Manage storage and backup

10 Security Network Access Protection (NAP) Umbrella of security protection features Capabilities Security implemented by default Security Configuration Wizard (SCW) Simplifies security configuration Other basic security features

11 Clustering and Clustering Tools Testing Migrate configuration settings Quick configuration and troubleshooting Storage configuration Performance and reliability Security

12 Enhanced Web Services Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) Enhanced security Easier application of patches Easier for programmers to write and configure Web applications Better management tools: IIS Manager

13 Windows Server Core Minimum server configuration Advantages: No GUI overhead Less disk space and memory needed Smaller attack surface Interact with server via command line

14 Windows PowerShell Command-line interface that offers a shell Perform common administration tasks Use cmdlets 130 command line-tools Scripting language

15 Virtualization Hyper-V provides the ability to run two or more operating systems on a single computer Capabilities: Compatible with clustering Able to handle up to a four-processor SMP computer Can be used with Windows and Linux operating systems Enables fast migration from one computer to another Can house 64-bit and 32-bit operating

16 Reliability OS/Kernel runs in privileged mode Core programs; computer code of operating system Extra level of security Protected processes Computer program or portion of program Protects premature interruption Management features: Server Manager Wizards Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor

17 Windows 2008 Networking Model Peer-to-peer networking (workgroup) Spreads resource administration among server and nonserver members of network Used by small businesses Server-based networking (domain) Centralizes network administration on servers Used by medium and large networks

18 Peer-to-Peer Workgroup – logical grouping of network devices for resource sharing; peer-to-peer arrangement; decentralized No special computer needed Disadvantages: Network management decentralized Security is responsibility of each user Less effective as number of workstations exceeds 10

19 Peer-to-Peer Networking- Workgroup model

20 Server-based Domain – logical grouping of network devices for resource sharing; centralized Single server can act as file and print server, Web server, network administration server, database server, e-mail server Can handle many users at once Advantages Single log on Stronger security Sharing of files and resources

21 21 Server-based Networking Model

22 Protocols for the Windows Server 2008 Networking Model Protocol sets guidelines for: Data formatting into packets and frames Data transmission Interpretation of packets and frames Packets and frames Units of data transmitted from a sending computer to a receiving computer 22

23 Protocols for the Windows Server 2008 Networking Model Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Suite of protocols and utilities that support communication across LANs and the Internet Local area network (LAN) Network of computers in relatively close proximity TCP/IP used for several reasons 23

24 Internet Protocol (cont’d.) IP addressing Dotted decimal notation 32 bits long Four fields Example: Broadcast Sends communication to all points on network Subnet mask Used to show class of addressing and to divide network into subnets 24

25 Internet Protocol (cont’d.) Static addressing Assign permanent IP address Gives consistency for monitoring Can be laborious for large networks Dynamic addressing IP address assigned during logon Uses the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) 25

26 Internet Protocol (cont’d.) Default gateway IP address of the router that has a connection to other networks Name resolution Domain Name System (DNS) translates domain and computer names to IP addresses NetBIOS names Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) server resolves NetBIOS names to IP addresses Host names Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS) 26

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