2 How does this relate to our teaching? A Vision Of TeachingConnect the dots in the puzzle using only four straight lines without lifting your pen/pencil off of the paper.How does this relate to our teaching?
3 Instructional PlanPlans are developed to provide students with meaningful learning experiencesPlans connect to related learning opportunitiesTeaching is based instructional strategies that focus on best practice and researchTeaching is supported by strategies that foster interest and progress
4 Lesson PlanA lesson plan is the teacher's guide for running a particular lesson, and it includes the goal (what the students are supposed to learn), how the goal will be reached (the method, procedure) and a way of measuring how well the goal was reached (test, worksheet, homework etc)
5 Why is lesson planning important? To structure and organize the lessonTo determine method of its deliveryassess students’ learningBeing clear on what you want to teach.Being ready to cope with whatever happens.Give your teaching a framework, an overall shape.Evaluate its application/effectiveness of a lessonA reminder for the teacher when they get distracted.It suggests a level of professionalism and real commitment.
6 Benefits that teachers get from their teaching plan 1) To make the teacher aware of the aims and language contents of the lesson. 2) To help the teacher distinguish the various stages of a lesson and to see the relationship between them so that the lesson can move smoothly from one stage to another. 3) Proper lesson planning gives the teacher opportunity to anticipate potential problems that may arise in class so that they can be prepared with some possible solutions or other options for the lesson. 4) Lesson planning gives teachers, especially novice teachers, confidence in class.
7 Principles for Good Lesson Planning Aim:the realistic goals for the lessonVariety:different types of activities and a wide selection of materials.Flexibility:different methods and techniques重点the contents and tasks should be within the learning capability of the students.Learnability:the stages should be linked with one another.Linkage:
8 What do you take into account when you design a lesson plan? Five guiding principles:VarietyCoherenceBalanceFlexibilityChallenge
9 What do you take into account when you design a lesson plan? Objectives set out to be achieved.Prior knowledge of learners.Materials and didactic auxiliaries to be used.Tasks and activities to select and stts’grouping patterns.Interaction modes.Timing and time management
10 Components of a Lesson Plan ①background information, ②teaching aims (what language components to present, what communicative skills to practice, what activities to conduct and what materials and teaching aids to be used), ③language contents (grammar, vocabulary, functions, topics and so on) and skills (listening; speaking; reading and writing), ④stages (the major steps that language teachers go through in the classroom) and procedures (detailed steps in each teaching stage), ⑤teaching aids, ⑥end of lesson summary, ⑦optional activities and assignments, ⑧layout of the Bb, ⑨teacher’s after-class reflection.
11 A GOOD LESSON INCLUDES: Objective – expected student behaviorWarm –up and introductionProcedureMaterials – worksheets, film, text, etc.PresentationPracticeApplicationClosureEvaluation – test, assignment, teacher observation, etc.CCCS and/or ASK skills covered
12 LET’S BEGIN… The format of a lesson should.. Go one step at a time Have a picture for every stepHave a minimal reliance on wordsExample: division problem (visual) compare divide multiply subtract compare bring downCompare this to the directions for making a model airplane (marketers have it right)An effective lesson plan is a set of plans for building something – it “constructs” the learning.
13 The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate.Harry Wong,