Presentation on theme: "The U.S.-E.U. Safe Harbor Framework Cross Border Data Flows, Data Protection, and Privacy Damon Greer Safe Harbor Program October 15, 2007."— Presentation transcript:
The U.S.-E.U. Safe Harbor Framework Cross Border Data Flows, Data Protection, and Privacy Damon Greer Safe Harbor Program October 15, 2007
2 Different Approaches to Data Privacy Why it matters European Unions Data Protection Directive creates a barrier for those countries, including the U.S., that do not meet the EUs adequacy requirements for data protection. U.S. Department of Commerce and European Commission negotiated the SAFE HARBOR to provide U.S. companies with a simple, streamlined means of complying with the adequacy requirement. Trans-Atlantic Trade in 2006 reached $630 billion
3 Adequacy via the Safe Harbor Safe Harbor registration is a voluntary representation to European business partners and European citizens that U.S. companies will comply with the Safe Harbor framework. Administered by the DOC, enforced in the United States by the FTC and DOT Currently nearly 1,300 U.S. organizations, including multinationals and SMEs.
4 7 Safe Harbor Principles (SHFIPPs) NOTICENOTICE CHOICECHOICE SECURITYSECURITY ONWARD TRANSFERONWARD TRANSFER DATA INTEGRITYDATA INTEGRITY ACCESSACCESS ENFORCEMENTENFORCEMENT
5 Where to Find Safe Harbor Information website includes:export.gov/safeharbor Safe Harbor List Safe Harbor Workbook Compliance Checklist/Helpful Hints Safe Harbor Documents (including principles, FAQs, correspondence, etc.) Historical documents (including public comments)
6 Compliance & Enforcement U.S. culture of customer service is highly effective in addressing customer complaints/concerns, perhaps more than comprehensive legislation. Independent recourse mechanisms are required to notify DoC of a companys failure to comply with the Safe Harbor principles, and FTC has authority to take action. Results: No referrals and no complaints filed with the EU DPAs. TRUSTe, BBB, DMA, and others report internal complaints resolved!
7 Other Options for Meeting the EU Directives Requirements Joining Safe Harbor is not the only means of meeting the EU Directives requirements Other alternatives include: Unambiguous consent Necessary to perform contract Codes of Conduct Model Contract Clauses Direct compliance/registration with EU Authorities
8 Since 2000, weve built credibility and confidence in Safe Harbor in the E.U. In November 2000, there were 6 Safe Harbor companies; Today, we are approaching 1,300 organizations spanning industries from consumer goods to aviation; Average 35 new members per month; EU view SH as a Best Practice and Gold Standard for data protection.
9 Moving Forward The Challenge Continues Expanded dialogue with the European Commission; Conference on International Transfers of Personal Data, Brussels, October 2006 More needs to be done by EU to harmonize Data Directive; educate data subjects; we raised this specific issue in Brussels in bilateral negotiations last fall Increased Emphasis by Industry on Harmonizing Approval Process for Binding Corporate Rules
10 Safe Harbor Program Membership 2000 – Oct. 2007
11 Safe Harbor Program – Top 20 Industries
12 For additional information or questions Contact me at: Damon C. Greer U.S. Department of Commerce HCHB Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D. C Telephone: (202) ; Fax: (202)