Presentation on theme: "Teaching Jane Schaffer’s Multiparagraph Essay"— Presentation transcript:
1 Teaching Jane Schaffer’s Multiparagraph Essay A Step-by-Step Guide
2 Terminology for parts of an essay IntroductionThesisBody paragraphTopic sentenceConcrete detailCommentaryChunkWeavingConcluding paragraphConcluding sentence
3 EssayA piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subjectAll essays should have at least four paragraphs: introduction, body paragraphs (also called the body of an essay), conclusion
4 Essay FormParagraph #1: Introductory Paragraph (at least 4 good sentences)Paragraph #2: First Body Paragraph (8-11 sent)Paragraph #3: Second Body Paragraph (8-11 sent)Paragraph #4: Concluding Paragraph (at least 4 good sentences)
5 Introduction The first paragraph in an essay It includes the thesis at the end.
6 What is a thesis?A sentence with a subject and an opinion (also called commentary), and two arguable prongs (ideas, topics, reasons why)The thesis provides the focus for your essay.Example: California is the best state of all for a vacation because of the fabulous beaches and the excellent variety of restaurants.
7 Introduction Paragraph Sentence #1: all commentary. Starts with a theme or themes. Sentence #2: says more about sentence #1. Is all commentary.Sentence #3: says more about sentence #2, narrowing the subject closer to the thesisSentence #4: the thesis. Has subject, opinion and at least 2 prongs (reasons why…)There is no concrete detail in this paragraph.
8 Body paragraph A middle paragraph in an essay Develops a point you want to make in supporting your thesis
9 Body Paragraph Format Sentence 1 TS Topic sentence Sentence CD First sentence of concrete detailSentence CM Commentary on sentence twoSentence CM More commentarySentence CD Second sentence of concrete detailSentence CM Commentary on sentence fiveSentence CM More commentarySentence CS Concluding sentence
10 The first sentence in a body paragraph Focuses on main idea of paragraph and the first prong of thesis statementProvides direction for the paragraph
11 Concrete Detail (CD) In an Essay about a book: CD is a quote or a paraphraseFor an SAT-type prompt:CD is an example
12 CommentaryCommentary means your opinion, interpretation, insight, analysis, personal response, feeling, evaluation, explication, and reflections about a concrete detail in an essay.
13 Conclusion ParagraphThe conclusion is the last paragraph in the essay.It is all commentary.It does not repeat key words from anywhere in the essay.It gives a finished feeling to the paper.The last sentence should connect to the theme of the work—the “so what?” OR be a universal statement.
14 Terminology for writing the essay Pre-writingShaping the essayFirst draftWord countsPeer responseRevisionFinal draft
15 Pre-Writing Bubble Clusters Spider Diagrams Line Clustering Outlining Columns
16 Why do a Prewrite? Organize your thoughts Make sure you’re not repeatingGet your CDs clearly statedHelp you write the entire essay faster because you will already have your CDs.