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Teaching Jane Schaffer’s Multiparagraph Essay

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Presentation on theme: "Teaching Jane Schaffer’s Multiparagraph Essay"— Presentation transcript:

1 Teaching Jane Schaffer’s Multiparagraph Essay
A Step-by-Step Guide

2 Terminology for parts of an essay
Introduction Thesis Body paragraph Topic sentence Concrete detail Commentary Chunk Weaving Concluding paragraph Concluding sentence

3 Essay A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject All essays should have at least four paragraphs: introduction, body paragraphs (also called the body of an essay), conclusion

4 Essay Form Paragraph #1: Introductory Paragraph (at least 4 good sentences) Paragraph #2: First Body Paragraph (8-11 sent) Paragraph #3: Second Body Paragraph (8-11 sent) Paragraph #4: Concluding Paragraph (at least 4 good sentences)

5 Introduction The first paragraph in an essay
It includes the thesis at the end.

6 What is a thesis? A sentence with a subject and an opinion (also called commentary), and two arguable prongs (ideas, topics, reasons why) The thesis provides the focus for your essay. Example: California is the best state of all for a vacation because of the fabulous beaches and the excellent variety of restaurants.

7 Introduction Paragraph
Sentence #1: all commentary. Starts with a theme or themes. Sentence #2: says more about sentence #1. Is all commentary. Sentence #3: says more about sentence #2, narrowing the subject closer to the thesis Sentence #4: the thesis. Has subject, opinion and at least 2 prongs (reasons why…) There is no concrete detail in this paragraph.

8 Body paragraph A middle paragraph in an essay
Develops a point you want to make in supporting your thesis

9 Body Paragraph Format Sentence 1 TS Topic sentence
Sentence CD First sentence of concrete detail Sentence CM Commentary on sentence two Sentence CM More commentary Sentence CD Second sentence of concrete detail Sentence CM Commentary on sentence five Sentence CM More commentary Sentence CS Concluding sentence

10 The first sentence in a body paragraph
Focuses on main idea of paragraph and the first prong of thesis statement Provides direction for the paragraph

11 Concrete Detail (CD) In an Essay about a book:
CD is a quote or a paraphrase For an SAT-type prompt: CD is an example

12 Commentary Commentary means your opinion, interpretation, insight, analysis, personal response, feeling, evaluation, explication, and reflections about a concrete detail in an essay.

13 Conclusion Paragraph The conclusion is the last paragraph in the essay. It is all commentary. It does not repeat key words from anywhere in the essay. It gives a finished feeling to the paper. The last sentence should connect to the theme of the work—the “so what?” OR be a universal statement.

14 Terminology for writing the essay
Pre-writing Shaping the essay First draft Word counts Peer response Revision Final draft

15 Pre-Writing Bubble Clusters Spider Diagrams Line Clustering Outlining
Columns

16 Why do a Prewrite? Organize your thoughts
Make sure you’re not repeating Get your CDs clearly stated Help you write the entire essay faster because you will already have your CDs.


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