Presentation on theme: "Chapter 29. Magnetic Field Due to Currents 29.1. What is Physics? 29.2. Calculating the Magnetic Field Due to a Current 29.3. Force Between Two Parallel."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 29. Magnetic Field Due to Currents 29.1. What is Physics? 29.2. Calculating the Magnetic Field Due to a Current 29.3. Force Between Two Parallel Currents 29.4. Ampere's Law 29.5. Solenoids and Toroids 29.6. A Current-Carrying Coil as a Magnetic Dipole
What is Physics? A moving charged particle produces a magnetic field around itself
Magnetic Field Due to a Current A length vector that has length ds and whose direction is the direction of the current in ds. The permeability constant, whose value is defined to be exactly
Magnetic Field Due to a Current in a Long Straight Wire
Magnetic field lines produced by a current in a long straight wire
Right-hand rule Grasp the element in your right hand with your extended thumb pointing in the direction of the current. Your fingers will then naturally curl around in the direction of the magnetic field lines due to that element.
Magnetic Field Due to a Current in a Circular Arc of Wire
A Current-Carrying Coil as a Magnetic Dipole For a loop, ϕ=2 π, at the center of the loop If
Sample Problem The wire in Fig. 29-8a carries a current i and consists of a circular arc of radius R and central angle rad, and two straight sections whose extensions intersect the center C of the arc. What magnetic field does the current produce at C?29-8
Example Finding the Net Magnetic Field A long, straight wire carries a current of I 1 =8.0 A. As Figure 21.31a illustrates, a circular loop of wire lies immediately to the right of the straight wire. The loop has a radius of R=0.030 m and carries a current of I 2 =2.0 A. Assuming that the thickness of the wires is negligible, find the magnitude and direction of the net magnetic field at the center C of the loop.
Two Current-Carrying Wires Exert Magnetic Forces on One Another To find the force on a current-carrying wire due to a second current-carrying wire, first find the field due to the second wire at the site of the first wire. Then find the force on the first wire due to that field. Parallel currents attract each other, and antiparallel currents repel each other.
Ampere's Law The loop on the integral sign means that is to be integrated around a closed loop, called an Amperian loop. The current i enc is the net current encircled by that closed loop. Curl your right hand around the Amperian loop, with the fingers pointing in the direction of integration. A current through the loop in the general direction of your outstretched thumb is assigned a plus sign, and a current generally in the opposite direction is assigned a minus sign.
Example An Infinitely Long, Straight, Current-Carrying Wire Use Ampere’s law to obtain the magnetic field produced by the current in an infinitely long, straight wire.
Magnetic Field Inside a Long Straight Wire with uniformly distributed Current
A LOOP OF Current For a single loop, the magnetic field at the center is: B=μ 0 I/(2R) For a loop with N turns of wire,
Comparison a loop wire and a bar magnet loop wire bar magnet
Magnetic Field of a Solenoid For a long ideal solenoid where n is the number of turns per unit length of the solenoid