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The European Social Charter The European Social Charter sets out rights and freedoms and establishes a supervisory mechanism guaranteeing their respect.

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Presentation on theme: "The European Social Charter The European Social Charter sets out rights and freedoms and establishes a supervisory mechanism guaranteeing their respect."— Presentation transcript:

1 The European Social Charter The European Social Charter sets out rights and freedoms and establishes a supervisory mechanism guaranteeing their respect by the States Parties. Following its revision, the 1996 Revised European Social Charter, which came into force in 1999, is gradually replacing the initial 1961 treaty. A Council of Europe Treaty safeguarding Human Rights

2 The Rights guaranteed by the Charter concern all individuals in their daily lives: Housing Health Education Employment Legal and social protection Movement of persons Non-discrimination

3 Housing access to adequate and affordable housing; reduction of homelessness ; housing policy targeted at all disadvantaged categories; procedures to limit forced eviction; equal access for non-nationals to social housing and housing benefits; housing construction and housing benefits related to family needs.

4 Health accessible, effective health care facilities for the entire population; policy for preventing illness, including the guarantee of a healthy environment; elimination of occupational hazards so as to ensure that health and safety at work are provided for by law and guaranteed in practice; protection of maternity.

5 Education free primary and secondary education; free and effective vocational guidance services; access to initial training (general and vocational secondary education), university and non-university higher education, vocational training, including continuing training; special measures for foreign residents; school integration of children with disabilities; access to education and vocational training for persons with disabilities.

6 Employment Freedom to work prohibition of forced labour; prohibition of the employment of children under the age of 15; Special working conditions between 15 and 18 years of age; the right to earn one’s living in an occupation freely entered upon.

7 Employment Fair working conditions an economic and social policy designed to ensure full employment; access to work for persons with disabilities; fair working conditions as regards pay and working hours; protection in case of dismissal; protection from sexual and psychological harassment.

8 Employment Collective rights freedom to form trade unions and employers’ organisations to defend economic and social interests; individual freedom to decide whether or not to join them; promotion of joint consultation, collective bargaining, conciliation and voluntary arbitration; the right to strike.

9 Legal and social protection legal status of the child; treatment of young offenders; protection from ill-treatment and abuse; prohibition of any form of exploitation (sexual or other); legal protection of the family (equality of spouses within the couple and towards children, protection of children in case the family breaks up); the right to social security, social welfare and social services; the right to be protected against poverty and social exclusion; childcare; special measures catering for the elderly.

10 Movement of persons the right to family reunion; the right of nationals to leave the country; procedural safeguards in the event of expulsion; simplification of immigration formalities.

11 Non–discrimination the right of women and men to equal treatment and equal opportunities in employment; guarantee to all nationals and foreigners legally resident and/or working, that all the rights set out in the Charter apply regardless of race, sex, age, colour, language, religion, opinions, national origin, social background, state of health or association with a national minority; prohibition of discrimination on the basis of family responsibilities; right of persons with disabilities to social integration and participation in the life of the community.

12 European Committee of Social Rights The European Committee of Social Rights monitors the honouring of undertakings set out in the Charter. Its fifteen independent, impartial members are elected by the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers for a period of six years, renewable once. It makes a legal assessment of the conformity of national situations with the Charter in the States Parties.

13 A Monitoring Procedure based on National Reports State Reports on the implementation of the Charter Comments from social partners and NGOs European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR) determines whether national law and practice are in conformity with the Charter = adopts conclusions for each State report Judicial assessment

14 A Monitoring Procedure based on National Reports Governmental Committee Representatives of the States Parties Observers representing social partners Ensures that States bring situations into conformity with the Charter. Or it may invite the Committee of Ministers to adopt a Recommendation for the State in question. Committee of Ministers Addresses Recommendations asking States to bring national law and practice into conformity with the Charter. Follow-up

15 Presentation of reports Group 1 Employment, training and equal opportunities Group 2 Health, social security and social protection Group 3 Labour rights Group 4 Children, families, migrants - Article 1- Article 3- Article 2- Article 7 - Article 9 - Article 11- Article 4- Article 8 - Article 10 - Article 12- Article 5- Article 16 - Article 15 - Article 13- Article 6- Article 17 - Article 18 - Article 14- Article 21- Article 19 - Article 20 - Article 23- Article 22- Article 27 - Article 24 - Article 30- Article 26- Article 31 - Article 25 - Article 28 - Article 29 The provisions of the Charter are divided into 4 thematic groups. States present a report annually on one group. The reports must be presented by 31 October. Each provision is reported on once every four years. The four groups of provisions are composed as follows:

16 A Collective Complaints Procedure Complaints of violations of the Charter may be lodged with the European Committee of Social Rights. Those entitled to lodge complaints: In the case of all states that have accepted the procedure: 1. the ETUC, UNICE, and the IOE; 2. non-governmental organisations (NGOs) with participative status with the Council of Europe which are on a list drawn up for this purpose by the Governmental Committee; 3. employers’ organisations and trade unions in the country in question. In the case of states which have also agreed to this: 4. national NGOs.

17 A Collective Complaints Procedure Committee of Ministers Ensures that States bring situations into conformity with the Charter. If not, it addresses a Recommendation to the State in question. Follow-up Complaints lodged by trade unions, employers’ organisations and NGOs alleging violations of the Charter European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR) decides whether the complaints are admissible and well-founded Judicial assessment

18 Effects of the application of the Charter in the various states As a result of the monitoring system, States make changes to their legislation or practice in order to bring the situation into line with the Charter. Details of these results (and current developments) are described in country fact sheets, available on the website.

19 For more information on the Charter Department of the European Social Charter Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs Council of Europe F – 67075 Strasbourg Cedex

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