“The Internet” was conceived by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. Government in 1969 and was first known as ARPAnet. The original aim was to create a network that would allow computers at one university to “talk to” research computers at another university.
Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Web, was working in computer services at CERN when he came up with the concept for the World Wide Web via TCP/IP. Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Web, was working in computer services at CERN when he came up with the concept for the World Wide Web via TCP/IP. Although TCP/IP was invented in 1977. Tim Berners-Lee's proposal to CERN for the WWW was accepted in 1990. Although TCP/IP was invented in 1977. Tim Berners-Lee's proposal to CERN for the WWW was accepted in 1990.
1. You need a Browser - an Application program which allows you to view documents on the Web. The Two most popular are: Netscape Navigator Microsoft Internet Explorer
2. You need an ISP (Internet Service Provider) – allows the user to “dial- in” all available website domains. E.g. Bell Sympatico, Rogers High Speed, etc.
Can be done in several ways: Modem Connection (e.g. 56K) LAN Connection (Shared Resources) High-Speed Data Links (Cable or Telephone)
1.Using HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) – programming code 2.Using a software program such as FrontPage, Flash, Dream weaver, etc. 3.Using a Template such as Geocities, Angelfire, Homestead, etc.
What’s in a Web Address Just as we have a home address so does a web site It is called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). The URL contains a set of instructions that are read by the browser.
URL The beginning of the URL contains the protocol. This is usually “http” (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) or “ftp” (File Transfer Protocol). The second section of the URL reveals the domain. Directories follow the domain Lastly is the name of the document. (If no document is named the browser will automatically open any document in the directory named “default” or “index.”
1.An individual name 1.An individual name (created for the individual user) e.g. Yahoo 2.Domain 2.Domain (a name for a computer connected to the Internet) e.g..com or.org, etc. Yahoocom = Yahoo.com Domain Name System (DNS) - an address that uses words rather than numbers. Made up of two parts:
Internet Domains:.combusiness (commercial).edueducational.govgovernment.milmilitary.netgateway or host.orgother organization
Email Electronic Mail (email) is the most frequently used application of the Internet What does an email address represent?
Surf Research Download – Music, Images, Files,etc. Share information Video Conference Start a business (E- Commerce) Chat (IM) Post info (BBS) E-Mail E-Fax Buy goods Sell goods Bid on goods