Presentation on theme: "Mental Illness and Personality Disorder: Addictions HSP3C."— Presentation transcript:
Mental Illness and Personality Disorder: Addictions HSP3C
Addictions What is addiction? What people think addiction is… Often used to refer any behaviour that is out of control Addiction used in vague and incorrect ways…
REAL DEFINITION Addiction – Presence of the 4 C’s 1) C raving (physically and psychologically need it) 2) loss of C ontrol of amount (or frequency of use; unable to count) 3) C ompulsion to use (irresistible impulse to act) 4) Use despite C onsequences (you continue to use it even though you know its not good for you)
Habits vs. Addictions Habit – you CHOOSE to do it Individual has the power to choose how he/she deals with choices Addiction – you HAVE to do it Your body (physically and/or mentally) will go through withdrawal because he/she is dependent upon the substance
Why Addictions? Individuals may feel good and have more confidence Forgets about his or her problems Their addiction makes life “easier” to live
Stigmas People see addiction as a weakness Individuals should be stronger People believe you can choose to overcome your addiction
Signs and Symptoms Dependence – cannot stop! Body experiences withdrawal (e.g. mood changes, loses patience easier, poor focus) Activities are given up JUST for the addiction Always make sure to have supply (loses reality on money) Believes their addiction will help calm or help their problems
Risk Factors There are many risk factors that can contribute (add) to someone’s chances of developing an addiction: Genetics – learn behaviour from family Having mental illness/condition
Risk Factors (cont’d) Peer pressure (want to follow peers) Loneliness – way to cope with feelings Stress
Causes Link between the repeated use of the addiction and how the brain experiences pleasure
Causes (cont’d) The more the individual is used to the substance, the more “dosage” the individual will need The body becomes used to it, and wants more!
Diagnosis Each addiction is different (e.g. drug abuse can be tested through blood test)
Diagnosis (cont’d) Doctors look into: Tolerance – body needs more to be satisfied Body goes through withdrawal (taking out) symptoms Too much time is spent trying to find the substance Social/hobbies/work is given up JUST for the addiction Patient knows it’s a problem, but still takes it
Treatment Each treatment is specific for each individual and their addiction Three main forms of treatment: 1) Medications 2) Support Groups 3) Psychotherapy/Counseling
1) Medication Used for helping individuals with mental illnesses
2) Support Groups Others who are suffering from the same addiction help one another as they go through the recovery process E.g. Alcoholics Anonymous
3) Psychotherapy/Counseling Individual speaks with professional about addiction and talks through it
FOUR CORNERS Now its your turn to show what YOU know There are four corners around the room: Habits Fears Phobias Addictions Statements will be read, and you will have to choose which corner you believe it belongs under.
1) STATEMENT ONE Support groups help me overcome my mental illness.
2) Statement Two I come from the Greek word “fear”
3) Statement Three Exposure therapy helps me recover
4) Statement Four Snakes are slimey and weird looking. I don’t like to go near them when I find them in the garden. So, I watch them sssssslither away slowly into the ground. However, have you ever watched the Jungle Book. The snake in the movie is funny!
5) Statement Five There are over 400 different types of __________ diagnosed by doctors today!
6) Statement Six I do certain actions/rituals to help me feel better and forget about my problems.
7) Statement Seven I didn’t go to work today, because I had to finish the last level. Sometimes, I prefer to stay at home and complete these levels because it makes me feel good.