Presentation on theme: "Yuniarti Anatomy department Faculty of Medicine UNISBA"— Presentation transcript:
1 Yuniarti Anatomy department Faculty of Medicine UNISBA Anatomy of PancreasYuniartiAnatomy departmentFaculty of MedicineUNISBA
2 Location of pancreas :Pancreas is an elongated, accessory digestive gland that lies retroperitoneallyTransversely across the posterior abdominal wall posterior to the stomach betweenduodenum on the right and the spleen on the left.
3 The pancreas produce :An exocrine secretion ( pancreatic juice from the acinar cells)that enter the duodenum through the main and accessorypancreatic ducts.Endocrine secretion (glucagon & insulin) fromthe pancreatic islets (of langerhans) that enter blood.
5 HEADThe expanded part of the gland that is embraced by the C shaped curve of the duodenum to the right of the superior mesenteric vessels.Firmly attaches to the medial aspect of the descending and horizontal parts of the duodenum.The head of the pancreas rests posteriorly on the IVCOn its way to opening into the descending part of the duodenum, the bile duct lies in a groove on the posterosuperior surface of the head or is embedded in its substance.
6 NECKShort and overlies the superior mesenteric vessels, which form a groove in its posterior aspect.The anterior surface of neck, covered with peritoneum, is adjacent to the pylorus of the stomach.
7 BODYContinues from the neck and lies to the left of the superior mesenteric vessels,passing over the aorta and L2 vertebraThe posterior surface of the body is devoid of peritoneum and is in contactwith the aorta, SMA, left suprarenal gland and left kidney and renal vessels
8 TAILLies anterior to the left kidney, where it is closely related to the left kidney,where it is closely related to the splenic hilum and the left colic flexure.The tip of the tail is usually blunted and turned superiorly.
9 The main pancreatic duct Begins in the tail of the pancreas and runs through the parenchyma of the glandto the pancreatic head, here it turns inferiorly and is closely related to the bile duct.Most of the time, the main pancreatic duct and the bile duct unite to form the short,dilated hepatopancreatic ampulla (of vater), which opens into the descending partof the duodenum at the summit of the major duodenal papilla
10 Accessory pancreatic duct Opens into the duodenum at the summit of the minor duodenal papillaUsually (60%) communicates with the main pancreatic duct
11 Smooth muscle sphincter that control the flow of bile & pancreatic juice into duodenum :- Sphincter of the pancreatic duct- Sphincter of the bile duct- Sphincter of hepatopancreatic (sphincter of Oddi)
12 -The pancreatic arteries derive mainly from the branches of the splenic artery -The anterior and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, branches of the gastroduodenal artery-The anterior and posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, branches of the SMA
14 The pancreatic lymphatic vessels follow the blood vessel The pancreatic lymphatic vessels follow the blood vessel. Most of them end in the pancreaticosplenic nodes that lie along the splenic artery, but some vessels end in the pyloric lymph nodes.Efferent vessels from these nodes drain to the superior mesenteric lymph nodes or to the celiac lymph nodes via the hepatic lymph nodes.
15 The nerves of the pancreas are derived from the vagus and abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves.