2 Objectives: Students will: Review when and how to use a dictionary.Use a dictionary to find definitions, utterance, parts of speech, synonyms, and antonyms.Distinguish literal and non literal meaning.Identify affixes(prefixes/suffixes) to help in understanding the meaning of unknown word.
3 What is a dictionary? A book of words listed alphabetically. Words are called entry words.
4 Why do we use a dictionary? English translation of the word.Synonyms and antonyms.PronunciationDefinition or word meaning (literal/ contextual)How many syllables a word has.information about the wordHow to use the word in a sentencePart of speechOrigins or rootVariant spellings for the same word (ax or axe)
6 How to Read a Dictionary: Guide words The two Guide words at the top of each pageFirst word on the pageLast wordon thepage
7 The First Guide Wordis the first word on the page
8 The Second Guide Wordstells you the last word on the page
9 Entry WordsYour word needs to fall in between these two guide words
10 sample sentence/phrase An up close look at a dictionary ENTRY…guide wordsentryliberate lifelongpronunciationPart of speechli-brar-y(lye-brer-ee) nounA place where books, magazines, newspaper, tapes and videos are kept for reading or borrowing.We have a great reference section in our library.noun, plural libraries, noun, librarianillustrationsample sentence/phraseThe numbers show the many definitions a word may have.
11 Special Sections for some Dictionaries Foreign words or phrasesAbbreviationsAddresses of collegespopulation of cities and countries
12 Other information that can be found in a dictionary English to metric conversion tablesMapsExplanations of common symbols"How to Use a Dictionary"
13 Guidelines for using a dictionary read all of its definitionDecide which definition makes sense in your contextas many words have more than one meaning.Often the dictionary works best when you already have some idea of a word’s meaning.(Graves,2006.)
14 Why is it important for students to learn reading dictionary? Students must know how to use words: when, with whom, and for what meaning.Students’ ability to communicate with others improves when vocabulary improves comprehension improves.Make students independent learner.Students learn to study for purposes other than test.