Presentation on theme: " 2007 Thomson South-Western Using Traditional Advertising Media Chapter Fourteen."— Presentation transcript:
2007 Thomson South-Western Using Traditional Advertising Media Chapter Fourteen
Chapter Fourteen Objectives Describe the four major traditional advertising media. Discuss newspaper advertising and its strengths and limitations.
Chapter Fourteen Objectives Evaluate magazine advertising and its strengths and limitations. Discuss radio advertising and its strengths and limitations Discuss television advertising and its strengths and limitations
Advertisers attempt to select the media and vehicles whose characteristics are most compatible with the advertised brand in reaching its target audience and conveying its intended message Traditional Major Advertising Media Out-of-home advertising MagazinesRadio Newspaper Television
Which Media Do It Best? Consider: Advertiser’s objectives Creative needs Competitive challenge Budget availability
Buying Newspaper Space Standard Advertising Units (SAU) Six column widths 1 column=2 1/16 inches Depth from 1” to 21 Premium charges for preferred space Space rates apply to ROP (Run of Press)
Newspaper Audience in right mental frame Mass audience coverage Flexibility Ability to use detailed copy Timeliness Clutter Not highly selective Higher rates for occasional advertisers Mediocre reproduction quality National Buying complicated Changing composition of readers
Buying Magazine Space Selecting magazines that reach the target market Cost considerations –Media Kits –CPM (Cost-per-thousand) –Mediamark Research, Inc. (MRI) –Simmons Market Research Bureau (SMRB)
Magazine Can reach large audiences Selectivity Long life High reproduction quality Detailed information possible Convey information with authority High involvement potential Not intrusive Long lead times Clutter Limited geographic options Circulation patterns vary by market
Magazine Audience Measurement The number of subscriptions to a magazine and the number of people who read the magazine are not equivalent. MRI and Simmons specialize in measuring magazine readership and determining audience size. Each use different research methods, and their results are often discrepant.
The advertiser must weigh: The size of the potential audience that a vehicle might reach. The attractiveness of its coverage as revealed by the total product purchasers exposed to that vehicle and compared with other media. Its cost compared with other vehicles Its appropriateness for the advertised brand
Radio Advertising Over 11,000 commercial radio stations in the U.S. Nearly 100% of home and cars have radios. Radio reaches about 94% of all persons ages 12 and over.
Buying Radio Time Matching station format with target market Geographic coverage using ADIs Day part choice
Radio Can reach segmented audiences Intimacy Economy Short lead times Transfer of imagery from TV Use of local personalities Clutter No visuals Audience fractionalization Buying difficulties
Radio Audience Measurement Arbitron is the major company involved with measuring listenership and audience demographics. RADAR (Radio’s All Dimension Audience Research) Arbitron uses a paper-based diary approach to measure listener behavior. Navigauge new service tracks radio-listening behaviors in motor vehicles using continuous tracking devices.
Television Advertising Slightly more than 98% of all households have televisions Uniquely personal and demonstrative, yet expensive to produce and broadcast
Television Programming Segments 8p.m.-11p.m. (7p.m.-10p.m.) Prime Time Early morning news - 4:30p.m. Daytime Preceding and following prime time Fringe Time
Television Market product nationally Major networks (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC) Expensive but can be a cost efficient means to reach mass audience Syndicated Network Spot Cable Local
Television Advertising is placed only in selected markets Regional-oriented marketing and geodemographic segmentation of consumer markets Syndicated Network Spot Cable Local
Television Syndicated programming occurs when an independent company markets a TV show to as many network-affiliated or cable TV stations as possible Syndicated Network Spot Cable Local
Television 80% of households with television sets Narrow areas of viewing interest Cable subscribers are more economically upscale and younger Syndicated Network Spot Cable Local
Television Local advertisers are turning to television Inexpensive during the fringe time Syndicated Network Spot Cable Local
Television Demonstration ability Intrusion value Ability to generate excitement One-on-one reach Ability to use humor Effective with sales force and trade Ability to achieve impact Escalating costs Erosion of audience Audience fractionalization Zipping and zapping Clutter
Infomercials Introduced in the early 1980s Long commercial (28 to 30 minutes) The production cost is expensive Especially effective promotional tool for moving merchandise
Brand Placements in TV Programs Reason: fear that TV advertising is no longer as effective as it used to be Brand managers pay to get prominent placement for their brands “Survivor” program is the poster child for this trend Advertisers who purchased commercial time in “Survivor” got prime brand placement in the program
Television Audience Measurement Higher rated programs command higher prices Ratings are difficult to come by accurately One primary rating service—Nielsen’s People Meter and one under development—SRI’s SMART System
Measuring Away-from-Home Viewers and Listeners College students viewing TV in dorms and people consuming radio and TV at bars, gyms, and restaurants are not accounted for in the typical at-home viewing measurements. Nielsen and Arbitron are testing PPM (portable people meter) technology that can track radio and TV exposure at any location. Competition has come and gone and Nielsen remains the one company measuring TV viewership.