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Lexis and Grammar for Translation Dott. M. Gatto Lingue e Culture per il Turismo Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I.

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Presentation on theme: "Lexis and Grammar for Translation Dott. M. Gatto Lingue e Culture per il Turismo Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lexis and Grammar for Translation Dott. M. Gatto Lingue e Culture per il Turismo Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I

2 Why are phrases important? from Lonely Planet. London (2003 edn) More recently, archeologists from the Museum of London digging near todays Spitalfields Market unearthed a priceless stone and lead coffin containing the remains of a well-to-do 4 th century AD Roman woman and personal effects.

3 (More recently,) archeologists from the Museum of London digging near todays Spitalfields Market unearthed a priceless stone and lead coffin containing the remains of a well-to-do 4 th century AD Roman woman and personal effects.

4 Noun Phrase NON A PRICELESS STONE AND A LEAD COFFIN!!! PremodificationHeadPostmodification DeterminersModifiersQualifiers APRICELESS (STONE + LEAD)COFFINCONTAINING…

5 Adjective Phrases As the name suggests adjective phrases have as their heads an adjective. The head is the minimal form: This problem is difficult This problem is rather difficult This problem is rather difficult to solve

6 Premodification Premodification in adjective phrases is generally by an adverb: e.g. difficult > rather difficult, eccentric > somewhat eccentric sohisticated supposedly sophisticated

7 Postmodification Postmodification in adjective phrases may be by: a prepositional phrase: increasingly anxious about Jims health sempre più preoccupato/in ansia per la salute di Jim an infinitive clause (to clause): too anxious to please everybody troppo desideroso di compiacere tutti a that-clause: very anxious that no one should accuse him molto preoccupato che nessuno lo accusasse

8 And now… Translation practice: WHAT THE TOURIST BOARD DOESNT TELL YOU

9 What the tourist board doesn't tell you Vanessa Thorpe, The Observer Sunday May 26, 2002The Observer Hugely expensive and rather naff gondola trips around Venice are now, rightly, the preserve of either the drunk or those eager tourists who have a video camera constantly on the whirr. A trip costs about £40 an hour or much more for a romantic rendition of 'O Sole Mio'. The sensible alternative is the traghetto. These are ad hoc shuttles that run from one bank to another at seven signed points along the Grand Canal. You may have to stand up at rush hour, but they are genuine, historic gondolas and they only cost around 22p. Vaporettos, the water buses that chug along the chief arteries of the city, cost £3.20 for a return trip and go everywhere, but they have a distinctly utilitarian vibe.

10 Hugely expensive and rather naff gondola trips around Venice: Determiners: none Modifiers: -hugely expensive + rather naff (adjective phrases) > opinion -gondola (noun) > fact Head: TRIPS Postmodification: around Venice (prepositional phrase)

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12 Dictionary skills Hugely Naff Eager Whirr Sensible Chug Vibe

13 Translate into English: Sono le meraviglie naturali, la storia antica, lo spirito moderno, i miti e la magia, i castelli e le coste, che fanno del Galles una tappa obbligata per chi visita la Gran Bretagna. Per aiutarvi a programmare il vostro viaggio, il depliant include gli itinerari consigliati, un calendario degli eventi, e un elenco dei centri di informazione turistica.

14 It is the natural wonders, ancient history, modern spirit, myths and magic, castles and coastline that make Wales a compelling destination for travellers to Britain. To help you plan your trip, the brochure includes suggested itineraries, an events calendar, and a list of tourist information centres.

15 HOMEWORK Laviosa S., Linking Wor(l)ds, Unit 9, pp Jackson, H. Grammar and vocabulary, C5.3, pp


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