4MORPHOLOGYThe vocabulary (or lexis) of a language is made up of all the words in that language.A word is an item that can stand alone as a complete unit of meaning.Words can be built up out of smaller units of meaning called morphemes. The branch of linguistics that studies the structure of words is called morphology.
30Morphemes are productive New words can be created throughINFLECTION > free morpheme + suffixDERIVATION > free morpheme + affixCOMPUNDING > free morpheme + free morpheme
31Morphemic analysisLeading research and education institutions worldwide will gather in Madrid on June 2 and 3, 2004 at the Conference on Creating Frameworks for Research and Education in Tourism Policy and Destination Management. (World Tourism Organization)
33English morphemes often have their equivalent in Italian BUT… eastwardscrabwisegreenishshopaholicswimathon
34The typical solution is PARAPHRASE eastwards > verso estcrabwise > all’indietro/come un gamberogreenish > una specie di verde > verdognoloswimathon > maratpna di nuotoshopaholic > affetto/a da sindrome dell’acquisto compulsivo