Presentation on theme: "Lexis and Grammar for Translation Dott. M. Gatto Lingue e Culture per il Turismo Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I."— Presentation transcript:
Lexis and Grammar for Translation Dott. M. Gatto Lingue e Culture per il Turismo Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I
Focus on… StructuresLevelsGrammar
MORPHOLOGY The vocabulary (or lexis) of a language is made up of all the words in that language. A word is an item that can stand alone as a complete unit of meaning. Words can be built up out of smaller units of meaning called morphemes. The branch of linguistics that studies the structure of words is called morphology.
Morphemes are productive New words can be created through INFLECTION > free morpheme + suffix DERIVATION > free morpheme + affix COMPUNDING > free morpheme + free morpheme
Morphemic analysis Leading research and education institutions worldwide will gather in Madrid on June 2 and 3, 2004 at the Conference on Creating Frameworks for Research and Education in Tourism Policy and Destination Management. (World Tourism Organization)
English morphemes often have their equivalent in Italian BUT… -eastwards -crabwise -greenish -shopaholic -swimathon
The typical solution is PARAPHRASE -eastwards > verso est -crabwise > allindietro/come un gambero -greenish > una specie di verde > verdognolo -swimathon > maratpna di nuoto -shopaholic > affetto/a da sindrome dellacquisto compulsivo