 # 9.7 Segment Lengths in Circles

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9.7 Segment Lengths in Circles
Geometry

Objectives Find the lengths of segments of chords.
Find the lengths of segments of tangents and secants.

Finding the Lengths of Chords
When two chords of a circle intersect, each chord is divided into two segments which are called segments of a chord. There are several possible cases.

Theorem 9.14 If two chords intersect in the interior of a circle, then the product of the lengths of the segments of one chord is equal to the product of the lengths of the segments of the other chord. EA • EB = EC • ED

Finding Segment Lengths
Chords ST and PQ intersect inside the circle. Find the value of x. RQ • RP = RS • RT Use Theorem 9.14 Substitute values. 9 • x = 3 • 6 9x = 18 x = 2 Simplify. Divide each side by 9.

Using Segments of Tangents and Secants
In the figure shown, PS is called a tangent segment because it is tangent to the circle at an end point. Similarly, PR is a secant segment and PQ is the external segment of PR.

Theorem 9.15 If two secant segments share the same endpoint outside a circle, then the product of the length of one secant segment and the length of its external segment equals the product of the length of the other secant segment and the length of its external segment. EA • EB = EC • ED

Theorem 9.16 If a secant segment and a tangent segment share an endpoint outside a circle, then the product of the length of the secant segment and the length of its external segment equal the square of the length of the tangent segment. (EA)2 = EC • ED

Finding Segment Lengths
Find the value of x. RP • RQ = RS • RT Use Theorem 10.16 9•(11 + 9)=10•(x + 10) Substitute values. 180 = 10x + 100 Simplify. 80 = 10x Subtract 100 from each side. 8 = x Divide each side by 10.

Note: In Lesson 10.1, you learned how to use the Pythagorean Theorem to estimate the radius of a circle. Example 3 shows you another way to estimate the radius of a circular object.

Estimating the radius of a circle
Aquarium Tank. You are standing at point C, about 8 feet from a circular aquarium tank. The distance from you to a point of tangency is about 20 feet. Estimate the radius of the tank.

Use Theorem 10.17 (CB)2 = CE • CD Substitute values. (20)2  8 • (2r + 8) Simplify. 400  16r + 64 Subtract 64 from each side. 336  16r Divide each side by 16. 21  r So, the radius of the tank is about 21 feet.

Practice 3 • ( x + 3) = 4 (4 + 7) 3x + 9 = 4 * 11 3x = 44- 9 3 x = 35
11.7 3 • 6 = 9 • x 18 = 9x 2 (x)2 = 9* (4+ 9) X2 = 117 X= 10.8

Practice 2 x = 25 X = 12.5 31 2 = 20( 20 + x ) 961 = 400 + 20x = 20 x

Practice 6 x = 3 * 8 8( 8+ 8 ) = 6 * ( 6 + 2x) 6x = 24

Take Notes Take a minute and solve … 4 * ( 4 + 6) = 5 ( 5 + x)

Take Notes Take a minute and solve … 4 * 9 = 6 x 18 2 = 12( 12+ x)
15 4 * 9 = 6 x 36 = 6x X = 6

Take Notes Take a minute and solve … 9 ( 9 + x + 4) = 8 ( 8 + x + 8)

Take Notes Take a minute and solve … 8( 2x + 1) = 6 (3x)

Take Notes Take a minute and solve … 15 2 = 9( 9+x) 40 2 = 32( 32 + x)
16 40 2 = 32( 32 + x) 1600= x 576 = 32x x = 18