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Published byJulian Cole Modified over 9 years ago

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Rational Numbers

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Some Definitions Rational Number: Any number that can be converted into a fraction ( Examples: ¼, 3, 4.25, 0). Fraction: A part of a whole ( ¼, ¾). Mixed Number: A whole number and a fraction (1 ¼ ) Terminating Decimal: A decimal number that stops (3.75, 4.3, 8.3245). Repeating Decimal: A decimal number that has a repeating pattern (3.757575…, 2.345345… )

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Adding Decimal Numbers To add decimal numbers, line up the addends by the decimal place and add. Make sure the place values line up properly.

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Complete #1-5

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Applying Integer Rules We can apply the same rules for integers to rational decimal numbers. Rule 1: If the signs are the same, add and keep the sign the same. Rule 2: If the signs are different, subtract and keep the sign of the larger number.

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Complete #6-10

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Adding Fractions and Mixed Numbers When you add fractions, you must first find a common denominator. We find a common denominator by finding the least common multiple for the denominators of our addends. Make sure your answer is always in lowest terms.

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Complete #11-15

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Applying Integer Rules We can also apply our integer rules to fractions and mixed numbers. If we need to borrow, take one away from the whole number and add the appropriate amount to the numerator.

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Complete #16-20

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Subtracting Rational Numbers

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Use your subtraction rules: Change subtraction to addition and find the opposite of the second number. Go back to addition rules.

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Multiplying Rational Numbers

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Multiplying Decimals Line up the numbers justified right. Multiply the factors. Count the decimal places in each factor and add. Move the decimal place that many times to the left.

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Multiplying Fractions Change mixed numbers to improper fractions. – Cross cancel and multiply OR – Multiply and reduce

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Dividing Rational Numbers

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Dividing Decimals Set it up. (First in) Move the decimal on the outside. Move the decimal on the inside the same number of times. Rewrite and divide.

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Dividing Fractions Change mixed numbers to improper fractions. KFC

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