Presentation on theme: "AARHUS CENTRES INITIATIVE"— Presentation transcript:
1 AARHUS CENTRES INITIATIVE Esra ButtanriEnvironmental OfficerOffice of the Co-ordinator of OSCEEconomic and Environmental ActivitiesOSCE Vienna
2 OSCE’s comprehensive approach to security Three dimensions of securityPolitico-militaryEconomic and environmentalHuman dimension
3 Office of the Co-ordinator of OSCE Office of the Co-ordinator of OSCE Economic and Environmental ActivitiesTo contribute to strengthening of security and stability in the OSCE region by promoting international co-operation on economic and environmental issues.
4 The OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum since 1993…. Main instrumentThe OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum since 1993….Promoting good governance at border crossings, improving the security of land transportation and facilitating international transport by road and rail in the OSCE region".
5 Annual Economic and Environment Forum 2007 “Key challenges to ensure environmental security and sustainable development in the OSCE area: Land degradation, soil contamination and water management”2008 “Maritime and inland waterways co-operation in the OSCE area: Increasing security and protecting the environment”2009 “Migration management and its linkages with economic, social and environmental policies to the benefit of stability and security in the OSCE region”
6 Priorities for 2010 Good Governance (fighting corruption, combating money laundering)Economic activities(migration management)Energy security(dialogue and co-operation)Environment and security
7 Aarhus Convention“ ….. The adoption of the Aarhus Convention was a giant step forward in the development of international law in this field. ….Although regional in scope, the significance of the Aarhus Convention is global. It is by far the most impressive elaboration of principle 10 of the Rio Declaration…. As such, it is the most ambitious venture in the area of “environmental democracy” so far undertaken under the auspices of the United Nations.”Kofi AnnanFormer Secretary General of United Nations
8 The OSCE and Aarhus Convention A unique tool for the OSCE to support environmental governance processes at national and local levels which in turn contribute to the countries’ efforts in addressing environment and security challenges.The OSCE through its Secretariat in Vienna and its several field operations has been promoting the Aarhus Convention principles at local, national and international levels in close co-operation with the UNECE Aarhus Convention Secretariat and the Aarhus Convention National Focal Points appointed by the respective governments.
9 The OSCE and Aarhus Centres Since 2002, the OSCE has been supporting the establishment and functioning of Aarhus Centres and Public Environmental Information Centres in several countries of Central Asia, South Caucasus and South Eastern Europe.These Centres:Open-up channels of communication between members of the public and governmentProvide a stage for the public to take an active role in environmental decision-making.“The Aarhus Centres are a bridge between good intentions and concrete results”Mr. Marek Belka, former UNECE Executive Secretary
10 Aarhus Centres - Locations Platforms forThe OSCE currently supports 28 Aarhus Centers inAlbania (3)Armenia (15)Azerbaijan (3)Belarus (1)Georgia (1)Kazakhstan (1)Kyrgyzstan (1)Tajikistan (3)and Turkmenistan on the way…Co-operation Participation Partnership
11 Aarhus Centres - Mandate To serve as a link between the government and NGOs inthe sphere of environmental policy-making andimplementation.To provide platforms for coalition-building andpartnerships among NGOs in addressing environmentalissues.More specifically:Provide improved access to environmental informationProvide the platform and mechanisms for publicparticipation in decisions on activities, plans andprogrammes, and legislationOffer mechanisms for providing citizens with access toreview and challenge violations of environmental law.
12 Aarhus Centres - Activities Access to informationHandle information requests to public authoritiesServe as a community access point and repository of national and local environmental informationFacilitate access to environmental information through various meansMaintain and updated websiteIssue regular and thematic publications
13 Aarhus Centres - Activities Public participationConduct trainings on facilitation skillsPromote practice of public participation in decision-makingFacilitate EIA processes by offering services for information dissemination and platforms for public participationAssist public in obtaining information on decisions and informs public on EIA processes and resultsOrganize public hearings on planned projects, policies and legislationProvide platform for participatory national and local environmental action planning
14 Aarhus Centres - Activities Access to justiceProvide information and guidance to the public on court proceduresEstablish and provide a database on court decisions in environmental mattersOrganize training workshops for legal professionalsFacilitate or co-ordinate legal consultations to civil society organizations and individuals on environmental rights.
15 Aarhus Centres - Activities OthersFacilitate public participation in national report preparations for the Aarhus ConventionRaise environmental awareness at all levelsStrengthen capacities of governmental and non-governmental organizationsPromote principles of other multilateral environmental agreementsPromote partnership among stakeholders
16 Aarhus Centres–Management and Guidance Based on an agreement between the OSCE Field Operation and the Government (Ministry of Environment)Guided by an Advisory Board that consists of representatives from government and NGOsIndependent Evaluation in 2008Aarhus Centres Road Map in 2009Aarhus Centre Guidelines in 2009Annual meetings of Aarhus Centre practitioners
17 Aarhus Centres – Funding It is mostly through the ENVSEC initiative and other extra-budgetary funding mobilized by the OSCE as well as the resources of OSCE field missions
19 “Transforming Risks into Co-operation” ENVSEC : Main GoalTo facilitate a framework for cooperation on environmental issues across borders and promote peace and stability through environmental cooperation and sustainable development“Transforming Risks into Co-operation”
20 ENVSEC Implementation ENVSEC partnered with stakeholders from both governments and non-governmental entities to:Assess and map environmental problems that have the potential for threatening security; andIdentify opportunities for co-operationToday ENVSEC operates in 20 countries from the Balkans to Central Asia and currently supporting over 50 projects with a total budget of EUR 25 million.
22 ENVSEC-South Eastern Europe Launched in 2003 through national consultations and assessmentsENVSEC SEE regional consultation took place in Skopje in 2004 and endorsed the regional priorities.Improve regional co-operation with regard to risk management and pollution hot spotsAchieve shared management of natural resources extending across borders.
23 ENVSEC-South Eastern Europe Between , several projects on:Assessment of pollution from mining hotspotsCreation of transboundary protected areasPrevention of illegal loggingFacilitating access to environmental information and public participation
24 ENVSEC- Bosnia and Herzegovina Mining hot spots assessmentProtection and management of mountain areasManagement of protected areasPartnerships and capacity building for river basin managementCapacity building for multilateral environmental agreementsSupport for implementation of Aarhus Convention
25 ENVSEC-South Eastern Europe 2010-2012 Work Programme Management and reduction of transboundary risks from hazardous activities (abandoned mines, tailing dams)Management of shared natural resources (transboundary mountain protected areas, transboundary rivers)Climate change adaptation for reducing security risks.Strengthening regional cooperation on environmental governance through strengthening civil society
26 ENVSEC- Aarhus Initiative for the SEE Goal:To promote participatory mechanisms and partnerships among central and local public authorities, civil society organizations and business community for addressing environment and security challenges through supporting the implementation of Aarhus Convention and establishment and/or strengthening of Aarhus CentresTarget Groups:Government agencies in charge of environmental issues, regional and local administrations, civil society and business.
27 Aarhus Initiative for the Bosnia and Herzegovina Support to the governmental authorities in implementing its commitments under the Aarhus Convention.Strengthen capacities of civil society organizations to ensure that they are strong partners to the government in environmental decision-making and implementation.
28 (firstname.lastname@example.org) For more informationAarhus CentresAarhus ConventionTHANK YOU!