Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to ESL/ELD Programming/Support in K-12"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Introduction to ESL/ELD Programming/Support in K-12 Thanks toDonna Bass, Instructional Coach, Secondary ESL Curriculum Services, OCDSBModified from her pptD.FlemingUniversity of Ottawa
2 Ontario Context 25% of Ontario’s population are newcomers to Canada. 18% of Ontarians have a first language that is neither French nor English.95% of students are enrolled in English language schools- 9% of these students attend French Immersion programs.The information presented in both slides comes from the Report of the Expert Panel and the Technical Guide.
3 Ontario in Canadian Context 53% of immigrants settle in Ontario2017: newcomers will be 22% of the total Canadian populationBy 2017, 40% of all newcomers will be living in OntarioTotal enrolment is projected to decline, but ELLs will increaseThe top 3 countries of origin for Ontario were China (21%), India (21%), and Pakistan (11%)
4 OCDSB Context7252 students were identified as English Language Learners (May 2007)Arabic, Korean, Mandarin, Spanish, Dari, French, Farsi, Japanese, Russian and SwahiliThese numbers are reported for ESL staffing purposes, which vary from the October report.
5 ESL & ELD Programs/Support What do ESL and ELDstand for?ESL stands for English as a Second LanguageELD stands for English Literacy DevelopmentTogether, students are referred to as English Language Learners (ELLs).
6 Elementary ESL/ELD a support or intervention program Elementary English language learners are all registered in a mainstream; receive varying degrees of support to meet the provincial expectations.The support comes from ESL teachers in withdrawal, integration with classroom teachers or a combination.Most of the time, the ELL is taught by classroom/subject teachers.
7 Secondary ESL/ELDESL and ELD language courses are subjects at the high school level. Students will receive credit for these courses, which count towards their graduation diplomaNot all high schools in the OCDSB offer ESL or ELD support, so students are directed to the closest school which offers the support they needStudents also study some subjects in “sheltered” classes, where they are grouped together to receive both content and language instruction
8 Who are English Language Learners (ELLs)? English language learners are students in English- language schools whose first language is other than English, or is a variety of English that is significantly different from the variety used in Ontario school.They may be Canadian-born or newly-arrived from other countries.They come from diverse backgrounds and school experiences, and have a variety of needs.ELLs may receive support through ESL or ELD programmes during their first few years in Ontario schools.
9 ESL Programmes…Students in ESL programmes are Canadian-born, or newly-arrived ELLs whose first language is other than English or is a variety of English that is significantly different from that used in Ontario schools.Newly-arrived students in ESL programmes have most often received formal education in their home countries, and many have studied English as a foreign language.Students who require ESL support generally have age-appropriate language and literacy skills in their first language.
10 ELD Programmes…Students in ELD programmes are newcomers whose first language is other than English, or is a variety of English that is significantly different from that used in Ontario schools.Students in these programmes are generally from countries where their access to education has been limited, or where they may have had limited opportunities to develop age-appropriate language and literacy skills in any language.Some Aboriginal students from remote communities who may also have had limited opportunities for formal schooling may benefit from ELD instruction.
11 AdaptationsPrograms are adapted in order to align instruction and assessment with the student’s stage of development in English.
12 Stages of Second-Language Acquisition Stage 1: Survival/Beginning EnglishStage 2: English in Familiar and Supported ContextsStage 3: English with Some Independence and InaccuraciesStage 4: Independent and Accurate English
13 What are “adaptations”? accommodationsmodifications
14 ModificationsAdjustments to the expectations and/or performance criteria; any or all expectations may be modified for ELLsModifications are made when a student has not yet developed the English proficiency to demonstrate understanding of the grade/course expectationIn elementary schools, descriptors in the appropriate ESL or ELD stages are used to shape or determine the modificationsIn secondary schools, expectations from the appropriate course level (ESL/ELD) are used
15 AccommodationsInstructional Strategies, e.g., extensive use of visual cues, graphic organizers, peer tutoring, strategic use of L1Learning Resources, e.g., visual materials, adapted texts, bilingual dictionariesAssessment Strategies, e.g., extra time for assignments and tests, oral interviews, learning logs and portfolios, use of L1, access to a bilingual dictionaryNote: Using the appropriate elementary descriptors or secondary language expectations will help determine suitable accommodations
16 Example 1: Expectations and ESL Modified Expectations Grade 5 Science and Technology: Earth and Space Systems – WeatherScience ExpectationsModified Expectations for Stage 1 ESLStudentsModified Expectations for Stage 2 ESLStudentsStudents will demonstrate an understanding of the major climatic factors and patterns associated with weather.Students will demonstrate an understanding of selected key vocabulary related to weather and climate.Students will demonstrate an understanding of the differences between climate and weather.
17 Example 2: Expectations and ESL Modified Expectations Grade 7 History: British North America History ExpectationsModified Expectations for Students in Stage 1Modified Expectations for Students in Stage 2Working with a partner or in a group, students will list the challenges early settlers faced in the new land and use two sources to research how the settlers met one of these challenges.Students will locate relevant information about how early settlers met the challenges of the new land, using a variety of resources.Working with a partner or in a group, students will list some of the challenges early settlers faced in the new land. Students may use their first language.
18 Example 3: Expectations and ESL Modified Expectations Grade 10 Music: AMU2O Music ExpectationsModified Expectations for Students in ESLAOModified Expectations for Students in ESLBO Students will explain orally and on a graphic organizer (in English or first language) most of the elements of music Students will explain in detail, both orally and in writing, the elements of music Students will list (in English or first language) three key elements of music