Pop ART: Oldenburg & lichtenstein Gaby Garcia HMC252
Knock, knock. Who’s there? OLDENBURG. Claes Thure Oldenburg was born in Stockholm, Sweden on January 28, 1929. During his childhood, he would move around from Scandinavia to America because his father’s profession in the Swedish diplomatic service required him to do so (Harmon 1). In the year of 1950, Oldenburg graduated from Yale University and later became a reporter for Chicago’s City News Bureau (Harmon 1). Two years after graduating from Yale, Oldenburg decided to attend Chicago Art Institute because of his love and growing passion for painting and figure drawing. Oldenburg moved to New York in 1956 where he then was inspired by comic books, children’s art, primitive art, and graffiti (Harmon 1). Oldenburg’s most popular style includes his soft, vinyl sculptures which showcase gargantuan versions of everyday items like hot dogs, toilets, and table fans (Fiero 136). Oldenburg married writer Coosje Van Bruggen and worked together on many of the gigantic sculptures that are established around urban areas of the United States today (Harmon 1).
Oldenburg’s Clothespin Clothespin, Central Square, Philadelphia, 1976. Cor-ten (steel) and stainless steel, 45 ft. X 12 ft. 3 in. X 4ft. 6in. “Objects assume a comic vulgarity that forces us to reconsider their presence in our daily lives.” (Fiero 286) Figure 37.5
Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen preparing the performance II Corso del Coltello, Venice, 1985. Photo: Hans Hammarskiold Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen Spoonbridge and Cherry, 1985-1988 aluminum, stainless steel, paint 354 x 618 x 162 in.
Knock, Knock. Who’s There? LICHTENSTEIN. In 1923, Roy Lichtenstein was born in New York City. Lichtenstein was a self- taught painter and is most famous for his images based on comic strips and advertising art (Harmon 1). Lichtenstein served in the military during World War II and later completed his studies at Ohio State University (Harmon 1). Lichtenstein later had a career as a commercial artist and designer. Lichtenstein pertained to many oversized paintings that reflected comic book images that brought “attention to familiar clichés and stereotypes of popular entertainment” (Fiero 286). He instituted violence and romance into the lives of his fictional works. Lichtenstein used many art techniques to create his works, including, stencil, airbrush, and Benday dots.
What Time is It? Review Time!!!! Directions: Multiple Choice. Please read the following questions carefully and choose the best answer. 1. Which art form was Oldenburg NOT inspired by? A. Primitive art B. Graffiti C. Landscape paintings D. Comic books 2. Who were the main artists discussed in this presentation? A. Oldenburg & Frankenstein B. Oldenson & Lichtenstein C. Justin Bieber & Miley Cyrus D. Oldenburg and Lichtenstein True or False 3. Oldenburg married Coosje Van Bruggen. 4. Lichtenstein served in the military during World War I. 5. Both Oldenburg’s and Lichtenstein’s art was based on the style Pop Art.
ANSWERS! YAY! 1. C 2. D 3. True 4. False 5. True
Works Cited Fiero, Gloria. The Humanistic Tradition. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Print. 3 Nov. 2014. Harmon, Justin, et al. “Claes Oldenburg” Pop Culture Universe: Icons, Idols, Ideas. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 3 Nov. 2014. "ArtsNet Minnesota: What Is Art?: Claes Oldenburg and Coosje Van Bruggen." ArtsNet Minnesota: What Is Art?: Claes Oldenburg and Coosje Van Bruggen. Web. 4 Nov. 2014. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Museum and School,1805. "Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Museum and School,1805. Web. 4 Nov. 2014. Harmon, Justin, et al. “Roy Lichtenstein.” Pop Culture Universe: Icons, Idols, Ideas. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.