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Panic Disorder Heidi Catalan Mrs. Marsh Psychology Period 4.

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1 Panic Disorder Heidi Catalan Mrs. Marsh Psychology Period 4

2 Panic Disorder Panic Disorder is experience of panic attacks, periods of intense fear and physical discomfort.

3 Associated Features The thoughts and feeling that characterize this disorder: ◦ Dizziness or unsteadiness ◦ Heat palpitations: meaning your heart races. ◦ Sweating, trembling, stomach distress ◦ Chills ◦ Worrying about having another panic attack ◦ They also have physical discomfort. ◦ With or without Agoraphobia

4 Associated Features DSM-IV-TR Criteria A) Both (1) and (2) (1) recurrent unexpected Panic Attacks (2) at least one of the attacks has been followed by 1 month (or more) of one (or more) of the following: (a) persistent concern about having additional attacks (b) worry about the implications of the attack or its consequences : “going crazy” (c) a significant change in behavior related to the attacks

5 Associated Features DSM-IV-TR Criteria Continued… B) The Panic Attacks are not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition C) The Panic Attacks are not better accounted for by another mental disorder, such as Social Phobia (e.g., occurring on exposure to feared social situations), Specific Phobia (e.g., on exposure to a specific phobic situation), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (e.g., on exposure to dirt in someone with an obsession about contamination), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (e.g., in response to stimuli associated with a severe stressor), or Separation Anxiety Disorder (e.g., in response to being away from home or close relatives).

6 Etiology The etiology of Panic Disorder may be viewed as a biological disease. Symptoms of a panic attack can also be triggered by: cocaine, marijuana, hallucinogens, alcohol and other drugs Environmental Sources: certain environmental elements and cues that may contribute to the development of panic disorder.

7 Etiology Genetics : It has been found to run in families. Psychological Aspects: ◦ The influence of life events and experience. Childhood Separation Anxiety: ◦ It’s a separation from an emotionally significant figure. Agoraphobia : when a person has had a panic attack and begins to fear situation. EI

8 Prevalence 15% of Americans have experience one or more panic attacks. 1.4% to 2.9% Have a panic disorder. Almost 10% who are referrer to mental health have it. Is more common in women than men. The common age of onset is mid-teens to early adulthood.

9 Treatment Panic Control Therapy Relaxation Training Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

10 Prognosis Panic Disorder can be cured with appropriate treatment. The symptoms can get worse and Agoraphobia can develop.

11 References What is the Prognosis of Panic Disorder?.(2010).Onlymyhealth, Retrieved from programs source database. FDA Consumer; Apr92, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p22, 6p, 1 Black and White Photograph, 1 Illustration Halgin, R.P and Whitboorne, S.K.(2005).Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectiveson Psychology Disorders. New York, NY: MaGraw-Hill.

12 Discussion Question Does having a panic attack mean you have a panic disorder?

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