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Anneke Maarse - Pham Dzung Medical Committee Netherland Vietnam

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Presentation on theme: "Anneke Maarse - Pham Dzung Medical Committee Netherland Vietnam"— Presentation transcript:

1 Anneke Maarse - Pham Dzung Medical Committee Netherland Vietnam
Inclusive Education for children with disability at Kindergartens in Central Highlands in Vietnam Anneke Maarse - Pham Dzung Medical Committee Netherland Vietnam

2 Vietnam & disability information
Population: about 87 million 63 provinces, 687 districts, communes GDP per capita: about 1000 USD Disability prevalence: about 6% - 15% Sea Sea Central Highlands

3 Children with disabilities
Total number of children: 28 mil – 32% population Total number of CWD: CWD (6-17 years old) in estimation 2006: 995,000 (3.8%) CWD (0-17) last update by UNICEF: 1.2 mil – 4.2% Distribution by main types of disability Learning difficulty 28% Mobility difficulty 19% Visual impairment 14% Speech difficulty 13% Hearing impairment 12%

4 Vietnam’s commitment for Education for CWD
Second nation that signed UNCRC 1989 Issued the Ordinance on Disability 1998, chapter 3 for Education. Signed to join BIWAKO Millenium Frame work (BMF) – 2002 2007: Signed the UNCRP

5 Education system in Vietnam
National level Ministry of Education and Training Univeristies, Colleges Provincial level Province People Committee Provincial Dept Education and Training District level District People Committee District Dept of Education and Training High school 16-18 Commune level Commune People Committee Pre-school 3-5 year old Primary Edu 6-10 Secondary 11-15

6 Education for CWD Special Education: Since 1930s
Inclusive education: introduced by INGO since 2000s Rate of CWD going to school: 24.2% Rate of CWD attending Pre-school is very low

7 Medical Committee Netherland Vietnam
Since 1968 Fields of current supports: health care for vulnerable groups, comprehensive support for people with a disability. Purpose of activities: improvement of health and quality of life of disadvantaged groups

8 Project area Dak Lak: moutainous province in Central Highlands
Population: 1.8 mil, 44 minorities. Administration: 13 districts, 165 communes 78% of population are doing agriculture 32% of population living in remote areas Rate of CWD: 11.2% much higher than average proportion. Rate of CWD went to school before project (1999) : about 11%

9 Opportunities CBR network
Good relationship between MCNV and authorities Commitment of local authorities WB’s programme for education for disadvantaged children

10 Barriers for education for CWD
Geographical disadvantage Limited awareness about disability Teacher lack understanding and skills to provide education to CWD Lack of supportive conditions to facilitate the education CWD Poor health situation of CWD CWD come from poor families

11 MCNV approach to IE Comprehensive Sustainable Lifelong support

12 Empowerment Support Disabled People Clubs and CWD’s parent association at community Capacity building for these self-help groups in advocay, peer-education and counselling. Community awareness

13 Livelihood support Provide poor CWD’s families with micro-credit
Train them to develop a household income generating plan Follow up to support householdes in using the loan

14 Health services Home-based rehabilitation Referral network
Early detection based on Community Based Rehablitation network Provide early intervention if need: operation, assistive devices Counselling and advice to parents, teacher

15 Inclusive Education Promoting positive attitudes
Promoting inclusive learning environments Promoting early intervention Supporting appropriate policy development Supporting change of system in education

16 Positive teacher attitude Alternative methods of teacher education Child-centred curriculum School for all Appropriate teaching Aids and equipment Flexible teaching methods Supportive policies Parent and community involvement Well supported teacher and schools

17 Education for CWD under 6
Home (community) based Kindergarten based Centre based: Support Centre

18 What is a Support Centre?
Organisation to support and develop Inclusive Education in the province Functions and tasks Human resource development of IE network Early intervention for CWD Special education classes Coaching and support visits to local schools and families Counselling to parents, teachers and other actors involved in IE Audiological testing, make ear moulds for hearing – aids Advice Education Dept of Province about policy and mechanism regarding to IE implementation

19 Capacity building and field support
Monthly visits by resource teachers from the centre to follow up individual education plan Joined by teachers from district level to develop their capacity to be a resource teacher Regular exchange meeting for teachers Regular exchange among parents of CWD

20 Early intervention To enhance the development of children with developmental delay, enabling condition for inclusion Parents are key in Early Intervention The support centre has expertise and rooms for EI; capacity of kindergartens is also developed to provide EI

21 Main achievements in Dak Lak
CWD from 3 to 6 years- old attend IE Kindergarten: 63% For CWD under 3 years old, 75% improve their skills through home-based early intervention services There are 69, out of 99 Kindergartens (70%) in the project area that are have a welcoming and accessible learning environment for CWD Support Centre is well funtioning in line with its tasks, including training for management and teachers of IE kindergartens Early detection and early intervention is integrated as a function of Kindergartens IE is part of mainstream education in province

22 Conclusion IE for CWD needs a comprehensive approach
Parents play an essential role Focus on children from 0-6 years old with a developmental delay is vital for succesful Inclusive Education Inclusive education requires a change in the system of education

23 Thank you!

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