Presentation on theme: "What issue in the United states is the above political cartoon trying to poke fun at? What is your opinion on social and health programs that are in."— Presentation transcript:
1 Current Issues Social Interactions: standard 12 health and social welfare programs
2 What issue in the United states is the above political cartoon trying to poke fun at? What is your opinion on social and health programs that are in place in the United States?
3 Social welfare- Public funds provided to persons and families whose income falls below certain federal poverty levels. Health welfare- Pubic health care provided to persons and families whose income falls below certain federal poverty levels.Health and Social welfare
4 History of social and Health welfare in the United States 1624 Virginia Colony passes the first legislation recognizing services and needs of disabled soldiers and sailors based on "special work" contributions to society.1642 Plymouth Colony enacts a poor law that directs that relief cases be discussed at town meetings.1647 The first colonial Poor Law enacted by Rhode Island emphasizes public responsibility for relief of the poor, to maintain the impotent, and to employ the able1657 Scots' Charitable Society, the first American "friendly society," founded in Boston, represents the starts of voluntary societies to meet special welfare needs.1729 The Ursuline Sisters of New Orleans establish a private home to care for mothers and children who are survivors of Indian massacres and a smallpox epidemic.1773 The first public mental hospital, Williamsburg Asylum, is established in Williamsburg, Virginia. It is later renamed Eastern Hospital.History of social and Health welfare in the United States
5 History of social and Health welfare in the United States 1798 The U.S. Public Health Service is established following severe epidemics in Eastern sea-board cities, which were caused by diseases brought into the country as a result of increased shipping and immigration.1817 The first free US school for the deaf-the Gallaudet School-is founded in Hartford, Connecticut.1824 The House of Refuge, the first state-funded institution for juvenile delinquents, is founded in New York.1834 The Poor Law Reform Act, legislation in England that influences American social welfare with its emphasis on complete assumption by able-bodied people of responsibility for their own economic security.History of social and Health welfare in the United States
6 History of social and Health welfare in the United States 1841 Dorothea Dix investigates the care provided to insane people. She ultimately is responsible for establishing 41 state hospitals and the federal St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington, DC.1865 The Freedmen's Bureau provides food, clothing, and shelter for freedmen and refugees1880 The Salvation Army is founded1932 Emergency Relief and Construction Act into law purpose is to lend money to states for relief purpose1932 The New Deal1935 The Health, Education and Welfare Act (Social Security Act; ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620) is passed by Congress on August 14, providing old age assistance benefits, a Social Security Board, grants to states for unemployment compensation administration, aid to dependent children, maternal and child welfare, public health work, and aid to blind people.History of social and Health welfare in the United States
7 History of social and Health welfare in the United States 1964 Modern Food stamp program1965 Medicaid1980 Welfare state spending: expanding social welfare, Spending more on social welfare than on national defense1981 Cut back on social welfare assistance1996: Welfare Reform Act2003, President BUSH proposed major changes to the reauthorized welfare reform law. Under his proposals, welfare recipients would have to work 40 hours per week at a job or in a program designed to help the recipient achieve independence. This initiative, coupled with a Medicaid proposal that would give block grants to the states for managing HEALTH CARE services for indigent persons, faced an uncertain fate in Congress.2013 Affordable Care Act (Obama Care)History of social and Health welfare in the United States
8 US Welfare Spending History from 1900 In 1902 governments in the United States spent very little on relief of the poor, including less than 0.2 percent of GDP on relief and 0.25 percent of GDP on health care services. In the early 21st century, governments spend over 8 percent of GDP on welfare programs, including health care for the poor.
9 US Medicare Spending Since 1965 Medicare benefits cost about 3 percent of GDP each year.Medicare, is the federal health care program for senior citizens
10 US Social Security Spending Since 1935 Social Security Program Growth
11 Independent Assignment Each student will read the handout entitled “The New Deal” and write a 3-5 paragraph essay explaining the reasoning behind the legislation, what was the law, important programs implemented, and your opinion on the necessity and effectiveness of the law.
12 What is the topic of both political cartoons What is the topic of both political cartoons? Do the cartoonist of both political cartoons share the same point of view about the topic? Pick one political cartoon and explain the cartoonist point of view.
13 3,2,1 List 3 Facts you think you Know about Obama Care List 2 Opinions you have about Obama CareList one question you have about Obama care3,2,1