Presentation on theme: "1 Purpose Identify sources of rural poverty reduction for FAO, World Bank and member countries Assess farming systems trends and issues over coming decades."— Presentation transcript:
1 Purpose Identify sources of rural poverty reduction for FAO, World Bank and member countries Assess farming systems trends and issues over coming decades Contribute to rural development strategies and development priorities... at system, national, regional and global levels Why the Farming Systems Framework?
2 Household focus Sustainable livelihoods (five capitals, vulnerability, processes) Broad driving forces of evolution of farming systems (resources, technologies, policies, markets, information) Household strategies (intensification of existing production patterns, diversification of livelihoods, expanded farm or herd size, increased off-farm income, exit from agriculture) Farm Household Focus
3 Farming systems Categories of farming systems (8) Farming systems defined (72) AEZ, irrig, markets, institutions,.... Key systems analyzed (20) supporting 2 billion farm women, men and children Case studies, illustrative (21) Farming Systems and Case Studies
4 Aggregation Global (i.e., all 6 developing regions) Farming system category (e.g., Rainfed Highland) Region (e.g., sub-Saharan Africa) Farming System (e.g., Maize Mixed Farming System in East Africa) Four levels of aggregation
8 System poverty reduction Maize Mixed System Household Poverty Reduction Strategies Intensification 20% Diversification 30% Exit 10% Off-Farm Income 20% Farm Size 20%
9 Implementation Applying the Framework at Different Scales Global and Regional : Determining regional priorities Dissemination of best practices Monitoring and impact assessment Sub-Regional : Scope and priorities for multi-country programmes National : Rural development strategies and policies Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) Project formulation
10 Global/Regional Selecting Areas of Best Practice By farming systems and by FS categories Technology adoption : Effective conservation, production, and post- harvest technologies Innovative marketing and other services : small-enterprise promotion, mechanisms for service provision Policies and institutions : Decentralised decision making, private/public partnerships
11 Refining the Farming Systems Framework and Maps at National Level: Forest Based FS Extensive Mixed FS Campos FS Dryland Mixed FS Coastal FS Intensive Mixed FS BRAZIL
12 National Strengthening National Rural Strategies Increase the rural content of national poverty reduction efforts: National rural development strategies PRSPs, COSOPs, and other targeting instruments Through: Analysing data across administrative boundaries Multi-layered national farming systems atlas Investments that better respond to priorities and needs of poor farmer
13 Further information Book and Summary: “ Farming Systems and Poverty: Improving farmers’ livelihoods in a changing world” (available from the World Bank and FAO) Website: www.fao.org/FarmingSystems/ For further information...