Presentation on theme: "By : EducationRainow.comEducationRainow.com. Objectives of effective communication Define and understand communication and the communication process List."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives of effective communication Define and understand communication and the communication process List and overcome the filters/barriers in a communication process Practice active listening Tips to improve verbal and non verbal communication
Four common ways we communicate Spoken Word Written Word Visual Images Body Language 4 ways of communication
How do we understand Communication Communication is the transmission of an idea or feeling so that the sender and receiver share the same understanding. Communication is not a mysterious process. It takes place when the ideas from your mind are transferred to another’s and arrive intact, complete, and coherent.
Process of communication SENDER (encodes) SENDER (encodes) RECEIVER (decodes) RECEIVER (decodes) Barrier Medium Feedback/Response
One-way communication One-way communication Communication types Communication types Presentation by single person Presentation by single person Speech by a famous leader/teacher /persons etc.
One to Many 1. One person addressing many people 2. Meeting of group discussion leader leads Political meetings 3. Seminars etc.
C OMMUNICATION C OMPONENTS Vocal communication Verbal Communication Non-verbal communication
Active Listening Eye contact Posture Simple language Questioning skills
HELPFUL TIPS Quicker problem solving Better decision making Steady work flow Strong business relations Better professional image
Distractions Use of jargon Poor listening skills Cultural differences Language differences Emotions Assumptions/Misconceptions Inappropriate medium Noise
Hearing Vs Listening Hearing – Physical process, natural, passive Listening – Physical as well as mental process, active, learned process, a skill Listening is hard. You must choose to participate in the process of listening.
Hearing Choosing Understanding Responding The reception of sound. The act of choosing to focus attention on the message. Deciding what the message means to you. Your reaction to the message. It can be emotional and intellectual. Process of listening Definition of listening: It is a physical and psychological process that involves choosing to listen, understanding, and responding to symbolic messages from others. Your knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs and self- concept influences your perception. You first respond emotionally, then intellectually. Then you decide how to respond. Your own needs, interests, attitudes, and knowledge affects your choice to pay attention. Not everyone hears the same way. Men actually prefer certain frequencies.
placating filtering derailing comparing mind reading rehearsing dreaming sparring identifying judging being right BLOCKS TO LISTENING
Never compare yourself constantly comparing yourself to the other person, checking to see if you measure up in terms of intelligence, wit, emotional stability, competence, or even level of suffering or children's achievements. Mind Reading what you think someone "really means" (based primarily on your own feelings, assumptions, or hunches) than to what he or she is actually saying. Rehearsing planning your response to what someone is saying to you while the other person is still speaking. Filtering tuning out certain topics or you may hear only certain things and tune everything else out, any possible hint of unhappiness, no matter what he actually says. You talk they listen
Judging if you decide ahead of time that the other person is not worth hearing (because he or she is "stupid," "crazy,"'"hypocritical," or " immature"), and that you will therefore listen only in order to confirm your opinion. Dreaming you pay only a fraction of your attention to the person talking; inside, your thoughts are wandering elsewhere. identifying whatever you hear from the other person triggers memories of your own similar experiences, and you can't wait to.jump into your own story. Advising Jumping in with advice when the other person has barely stopped talking (or before) Keen look on your communication
Sparring If you listen only long enough to find something to disagree with, and then assert your position-—regardless of what the other person says. Being Right If you want to prove that you're right or to avoid the suggestion that you're wrong— including lying, shouting, twisting the facts, changing the subject, making excuses, and accusing Derailing changing the subject or make a joke whenever you become bored or uncomfortable with the conversation. Placating being so concerned with being nice, agreeable, or liked that without really listening you agree with everything being said.
Be active and attentive The process of recognizing, understanding, and accurately interpreting communicated messages and responding to spoken and/or nonverbal messages.
Be a better listener Don’t talk – listen. Don’t jump to conclusions. Listen between the lines. Ask questions/paraphrase. Don’t get distracted by the environment. Keep an open mind. Be willing to listen to someone else’s point of view and ideas. Provide feedback. Take advantage of your brain power.
o Eliminate Noise o Get Feedback – Verbal & Body Signals o Speak Slowly & Rephrase your sentence o Don’t Talk down to the other person o Listen Carefully & Patie ntly
Body Language - Tips Body Language - Tips Keep appropriate distance Touch only when appropriate Take care of your appearance Be aware - people may give false cues Maintain eye contact Smile genuinely