Presentation on theme: "Marxist Views of The Family/ Revision. Mock Exam: Edu and Res Methods Part 1 Marxist Views of the Family with newspaper collage activity Revision: Education."— Presentation transcript:
Marxist Views of The Family/ Revision. Mock Exam: Edu and Res Methods Part 1 Marxist Views of the Family with newspaper collage activity Revision: Education Mock Exam (1 hour)
Marxist Perspectives on the Family An introduction to Marxism and family sociology
The importance of Frederick Engels Marx himself didn’t pay much attention to the role of the family It was his friend and collaborated Engels who attempted to trace the evolution of the family through time in “The Origin of the Family”
Engels’ Conclusions 1 The monogamous bourgeois nuclear family developed to help solve the problem of the inheritance of private property – men needed to know who their children were in order to pass on their property to their heirs The family is therefore designed to control women and protect property
Engels’ Conclusions 2 The bourgeios nuclear family emerged with capitalism It is patriarchal – it is designed to guarantee and perpetuate male power through the inheritance of property It therefore serves the interests of capitalism Nuclear family is ideal for and benefits, the ruling class* Ideological state apparatus (conditioning device).*
The Family and Ideological State Apparatus Reading the newspapers, cut and paste the articles that you feel reflect the ideological state apparatus in or over the family. Create a collage and label the items that you use Consider: Consumer advertising aimed at nuclear families. Materialism –latest products for home. Patriarchal system – encourages passive acceptance of authority, hierarchy and inequality (gender roles in family) edia imagery of family roles. ‘The ideal family’
Marxists say the family serve capitalism is 4 ways The family socialises children – thereby reproducing both labour power and an acceptance of capitalism (false consciousness). Women’s domestic work is unpaid which benefits capitalism. The family acts as a safety valves for the stresses and frustrations of working class men. The family as a unit of consumption buys the goods and services provided by capitalism.
Zaretsky Zaretsky claimed the family “props up” capitalism The family is one place where male workers can feel they have power and control. This helps them accept their oppression in wider society * Alternative argument to ‘warm bath theory (Parsons)
Criticisms of Marxist View Anthropologists have suggested that the emergence of the nuclear family didn’t actually coincide with the emergence of capitalism The Marxist view ignores family diversity. It sees the nuclear family as being simply determined by the economy.
Revision- Education Functionalist, Marxist Views of The Family/ Revision. Mock Exam: Edu and Res Methods Part 1 Marxist, Feminist, New Right (Post Modern) views of family Internal factors: Hargreaves - Streaming Keddie/ Ball –Labelling (other in school factors: teaching) Cultural: Douglas: Material Deprivation Bordieu: Cultural deprivation / home factors/ High and Low culture Bernstein: language factors Pupil S Subcultures: Beach, Willis. External Factors: Race, gender (Feminist views), Social Class, Region Changes to UK education system –key dates (tripartite, comprehensive, selective) Recent changes : new Right, New Labour ( Vocationalism, third way)