 # Motion p.272 -273 in red text #13.1 worksheet accelerated Speed activity.

## Presentation on theme: "Motion p.272 -273 in red text #13.1 worksheet accelerated Speed activity."— Presentation transcript:

Motion p.272 -273 in red text #13.1 worksheet accelerated Speed activity

MOTION motion change in your position compared to a frame of reference. – as a train moves past a platform, people on the platform see those on the train speeding by. when people on the train look at one another, they don't seem to be moving at all OR moving backwards

MOTION frame of reference - comparing an object’s motion to another object –Your house stays still as the cars drive past –a frame of reference is necessary in order to describe motion

MOTION Distance the length of a path between two points. –Si units:(METRIC) km, m, mm, cm, etc.

MOTION Speed distance traveled per unit of time – S = d/t – A car travels 70 km per hour – Choose units that make sense: m/s, km/h

Average speed- the total distance traveled, d, divided by the total time, t, it takes to travel that distance. speed= distance/time Ex- on vacation: 60 km in 0.8 hr, and 35 km in 0.5 hr. What is your average speed?

Instantaneous speed the rate at which an object is moving at a given moment in time –Speedometer in a car **Average speed is computed for the entire duration of a trip, and instantaneous speed is measured at a particular instant.

Answer S= d/t 60 km + 35km = 95km.8hr +.5hr = 1.3hr S= 95/1.3=73km/hr

Speed Activity In class or track: Run a predetermined distance, measure time with a top watch. Two trials each. Any motion you choose. Calculate speed for you and your partner. Calculate speed for your group. Calculate speed for the class.

Velocity and Acceleration P. 274-275 in red text #13.2 accelerated #11.2 honors Velocity and acceleration enrichment

Graphing Motion The slope of a line on a distance-time graph is speed.

Velocity Velocity- the speed and direction in which an object is moving –Sometimes you need to know the direction…If two trains are traveling… Velocity is a vector.

Acceleration Acceleration - The rate of change in velocity –Changes in speed, direction or both – Can Increase or decrease, (be positive or negative) – acceleration = zero if it is moving at the same speed in thesame direction

Constant acceleration is a steady change in velocity over time. –the velocity of the object changes by the same amount each second –A jet taking off. –A rollercoaster dropping down the first hill.

Calculating Acceleration Vf = final velocity Vi = initial (starting) velocity

Graphing Acceleration The slope of a speed-time graph is acceleration Can be linear or non linear graph

Newton’s law’s P. 280 1 st law P. 282 2 nd law P. 284 3 rd law Crash test dummies

Force force is a push or a pull that acts on an object. –can cause a resting object to move –can accelerate a moving object Acceleration =changes in ____ and/or ____

Newtons(N)- unit for force One N is the force that causes a 1 kg object to accelerate at a rate of 1 meter per second every second (1 m/s 2 ). –1 N = 1 kgm/s 2

FORCE NET FORCE – Combination of forces in the same direction or opposite directions Ex. If two people are pushing a cart at the same time…

FORCE Balanced force- when forces are balanced, net force = 0. No change in motion (arm wrestle) Unbalanced force- causes a change in motion

FRICTION Friction – force that opposes the motion of objects by contact – Static – Sliding – Rolling – Fluid – http://www.planet-science.com/text_only/under_11s/friction.html

GRAVITY Gravity – force that attracts or pulls objects together – Acts downwards toward center of Earth – Causes objects to accelerate as they fall

Newton’s Laws 1 st - An object at rest remains at rest OR an object in motion remains in motion,unless acted on by an outside force

Newton’s Laws 1 st law is called the Law of Inertia. Inertia- tendency of object to resist change in motion. – seat belts, airbags, etc – these objects protect you from inertia.

Newton’s Laws 2 nd – the acceleration of an object depends on the force acting on the object and the mass of the object F= (m)(a) OR a= f / m

PRACTICE F = (m)(a) How much force is required to move a car with a mass of 1200 kg at a rate of 3.0 m/s 2 ? What is the force on a 80 kg box accelerating down a ramp at 2 m/s 2?

Newton’s Laws Mass – measure of inertia, amount of matter in an object Weight- force of gravity on an object

This formula is a substitute for F= (m)(a)… – g = 9.8 m/s 2 (on earth) Units for weight = newtons (N)b

Newton’s Laws 3 rd – for every action or force, there is an equal and opposite reaction or force – Bumper cars – If the forces both act on the same object the object will not move (net force = 0)

MOMENTUM Momentum - describes how mass and velocity are affected by each other. units are kgm/s No velocity? no momentum!

Conservation of momentum- The loss of momentum in one object is the gain of momentum in another

Download ppt "Motion p.272 -273 in red text #13.1 worksheet accelerated Speed activity."

Similar presentations