Published byRosalind Barton Modified over 7 years ago
The Sonnet Sonnet comes from the Italian word sonnetto, meaning “a little sound or song”
Structure 14 lines One of 3 rhyme schemes (Italian, English, Spenserian) Meter = iambic pentameter (5 iambs per line) 10 syllables per line of unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. (my LOVE) (is LIKE) (to ICE) (and I) (to FIRE)
Sonnet Forms 1. The Italian Sonnet (also called Petrarchan Sonnet)
First 8 lines = octave Last 6 lines = sestet There is a “shift” or “turn” between the octave and sestet that provides a resolution or answer to the problem presented in the octave.
2. The Italian Sonnet Also called the Petrarchan Sonnet Structure:
One octave (8 lines) with their its own scheme One sestet (two lines) OCTAVE - 8 lines SESTET - 6 lines
Sir Thomas Wyatt He brought the Italian sonnet form to England, which transformed English poetry. He used the Italian sonnet form, but included the concluding rhyming couplet that becomes the trademark of English sonnets.
Italian Sonnet Rhyme Scheme
B Octave: abbaabba Sestet: cdecde or cdcdcd Wyatt’s Mod C D C D E C D E
2. The English Sonnet Quatrain (4 lines) Quatrain
Couplet (2 lines) Quatrain (4 lines) Also called the Shakespearean Sonnet Structure: 3 quatrains (4 lines each) with their own rhyme schemes One rhyming couplet (two lines)
Rhyme Scheme of the English Sonnet
A B C D E F G Quatrain (4 lines) abab cdcd efef gg More versatile than Italian form. Better for English language which has fewer rhyming words than Italian.
3. The Spenserian Sonnet Created by Sir Edmund Spenser
Follows the same structure as the English/Shakespearean sonnet, but has a different rhyme scheme.
Rhyme Scheme of the Spenserian Sonnet
B C D E Quatrain (4 lines) abab bcbc cdcd ee This is called an interlocking rhyme scheme.
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