Presentation on theme: "The Sonnet Sonnet comes from the Italian word sonnetto, meaning “a little sound or song”"— Presentation transcript:
1 The SonnetSonnet comes from the Italian word sonnetto, meaning “a little sound or song”
2 Structure14 linesOne of 3 rhyme schemes (Italian, English, Spenserian)Meter = iambic pentameter (5 iambs per line)10 syllables per line of unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.(my LOVE) (is LIKE) (to ICE) (and I) (to FIRE)
3 Sonnet Forms 1. The Italian Sonnet (also called Petrarchan Sonnet) First 8 lines = octaveLast 6 lines = sestetThere is a “shift” or “turn” between the octave and sestet that provides a resolution or answer to the problem presented in the octave.
4 2. The Italian Sonnet Also called the Petrarchan Sonnet Structure: One octave (8 lines) with their its own schemeOne sestet (two lines)OCTAVE - 8 linesSESTET - 6 lines
5 Sir Thomas WyattHe brought the Italian sonnet form to England, which transformed English poetry.He used the Italian sonnet form, but included the concluding rhyming couplet that becomes the trademark of English sonnets.
6 Italian Sonnet Rhyme Scheme BOctave: abbaabbaSestet: cdecde or cdcdcdWyatt’s ModCDCDECDE
7 2. The English Sonnet Quatrain (4 lines) Quatrain Couplet (2 lines)Quatrain (4 lines)Also called the Shakespearean SonnetStructure:3 quatrains (4 lines each) with their own rhyme schemesOne rhyming couplet (two lines)
8 Rhyme Scheme of the English Sonnet ABCDEFGQuatrain (4 lines)abab cdcd efef ggMore versatile than Italian form.Better for English language which has fewer rhyming words than Italian.
9 3. The Spenserian Sonnet Created by Sir Edmund Spenser Follows the same structure as the English/Shakespearean sonnet, but has a different rhyme scheme.
10 Rhyme Scheme of the Spenserian Sonnet BCDEQuatrain (4 lines)abab bcbc cdcd eeThis is called an interlocking rhyme scheme.