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Cardiac Arrest Skills Station

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Presentation on theme: "Cardiac Arrest Skills Station"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cardiac Arrest Skills Station

2 Registry Skills Review
Compiled and presented by IHCC EHS 2001 paramedic students: Margaret Lind Steven Rudolph Karen Thomas

3 Assembles Necessary Supplies
Defibrillator Airway Adjuncts Oxygen Supplies Medications Monitor Leads Defibrillator Pads or Conductive Jelly

4 Takes or Verbalizes Infection Control Precautions
Dons Personal Protective Equipment Verbalizes Appropriate Level of Protection Takes Necessary Precautions to Avoid Exposure

5 Critical Criteria These are actions that will result in automatic failure of station! Failure to Verify Rhythm before Delivering Each Shock Failure to Ensure the Safety of Self and Others (Verbalizes “All Clear” and Observes) Inability to Deliver DC Shock (Does Not Use Machine Properly) Failure to Demonstrate Acceptable Shock Sequence Failure to Order Initiation or Resumption of CPR when Appropriate Failure to Order Correct Management of Airway (ET when Appropriate) Failure to Order Administration of Appropriate Oxygen at Proper Times Failure to Diagnose or Treat 2 or More Rhythms correctly Orders Administration of an Inappropriate Drug, or Lethal Dosage Failure to Correctly Diagnose or Adequately Treat V-Fib, V-Tach, or Asystole

6 Checks Level of Responsiveness
Levels of Responsiveness Alert Verbal Stimuli Painful Stimuli Unresponsive

7 Checks ABC’s Airway Breathing Circulation Patent Simple Adjuncts
Adequate Rate and Rhythm Oxygen Circulation Gross Bleeding Pulses Present

8 Initiates CPR- If Appropriate (Verbally)
Pulse and Breathing Absent Assemble Defibrillator While CPR in progress

9 Performs “Quick Look” with Paddles
1. Turn on EKG monitor 2. Turn the lead selector to PADDLES 3. Apply conductive jelly or use defibrillation pads 4. Place paddles firmly on the bare chest with the paddle marked STERNUM on right chest near sternum, and paddle marked APEX on lower left chest 5. Adjust EKG size 6. Observe scope and determine patients condition. Check pulse and verify absence of pulse 7. If fatal dysrhythmia is noted, proceed with defibrillation algorithm

10 Cardiac Arrest Skills Station Dynamic Cardiology
Correctly interprets initial rhythm Appropriately manages initial rhythm Notes change in rhythm Checks patient condition to include pulse, and if appropriate, BP Correctly interprets second rhythm Appropriately manages second rhythm Correctly interprets third rhythm Appropriately manages third rhythm Correctly interprets fourth rhythm Appropriately manages fourth rhythm

11 Orders high percentages of supplemental oxygen at proper times
Administer high flow oxygen 12-15 LPM per NRB mask, or 12-15 LPM connected to BVM, or Positive pressure ventilation

12 Correctly Interprets Initial Rhythm
Fatal Dysrhythmias Ventricular fibrillation (VFib) Pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VTach) Asystole Pulseless electrical activity (PEA) Electromechanical Dissociation (EMD) Bradycardia (non-arrest) Tachycardia (non-arrest)

13 Appropriately Manages Initial Rhythm
VTach, VFib Defibrillate with 200J Asystole Follow Asystole algorithm PEA, EMD Follow PEA algorithm V Fib Sinus Tach

14 Ventricular Fibrillation & Ventricular Tachycardia
ABC’S, and CPR Defibrillate up to 3 times, 200 Jules, j., 360j. If persistent or recurrent VF/VT continue CPR, and intubate Start IV Epinephrine 1mg IV push (repeat every 3-5 min.) Defibrillate. 360 J within seconds. Administer medications of probable benefit Lidocaine mg IV push Bretylium 5mg IV push Magnesium Sulfate 1-2g IV over 1-2 min Procainamide 30 mg/min Defibrillate 360 J after each dose of medication (drug- shock, drug- shock) VFib VTach

15 Asystole Continue CPR Intubate Start IV
Confirm Asystole in more than one lead Consider possible causes Hypoxia Hyperkalemia Hypokalemia Preexisting acidosis Drug overdose Hypothermia Epinephrine 1mg IV push Atropine 1mg IV push Consider termination of efforts

16 Pulseless Electrical Activity Electromechanical Dissociation
Continue CPR Intubate Start IV Consider possible causes - treatments Hypovolemia -Volume infusion Hypoxia - Ventilation Cardiac Tamponade - Pericardiocentesis Tension Pneumothorax - Needle decompression Hypothermia - See Hypothermia algorithm Massive pulmonary embolism - surgery, thrombolytics Drug overdose - Appropriate therapies Hyperkalemia - Sodium bicarbonate Massive acute myocardial infarction - See AMI algorithm Epinephrine 1mg IV push If Bradycardia give Atropine 1mg IV push

17 Bradycardia (non-arrest)
Assess ABC’s Secure airway Start IV Attach ECG, pulse oximeter, blood pressure cuff Assess vitals, get patient history Perform physical exam Interventions Atropine 0.5-1mg Transcutaneous pacing Dopamine 5-20ug/min Epinephrine 2-10ug/min Prepare for transvenous pacer With serious signs and symptoms Sinus Bradycardia

18 Tachycardia (non-arrest)
Assess ABC’s Attach ECG, pulse oximeter, blood pressure cuff Assess vitals, obtain patient history Perform physical exam If heart rate >150 Immediate cardioversion If heart rate<150 Give medications Wide complex Lidocaine Procainamide Bretylium Narrow complex Adenosine Verapamil Cardioversion 100 J. With serious signs and symptoms Sinus Tachycardia

19 The End

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