Presentation on theme: "«Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия»"— Presentation transcript:
1 «Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия» Why IWRM and What it Means25th of June, 2013Eng. Ahmed Abou elseoudSenior Water Resources Management Expert«Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия»
2 About Water …. A “Single” Resource – has no substitute A Limited ResourceA Scarce Resource (or is it?)Has Social, Economic, and Environmental Value (social and environment are recent)
3 A Unique ResourceEvery organism, individual, and ecosystem on the planet depends on water for survival.Water impacts all aspects of life on the planetPoor water management and water shortages can lead to disease, malnutrition, reduced economic growth, social instability, conflict, and environmental disaster.
4 The Global Water Budget Global Freshwater87% Not Accessible13% Accessible (0.4% of global)Global Water97% Seawater3% Freshwater
7 The Water Scene Resources are scarce Demands are outstripping supplies Environmental/Ecological issues are seriousPolicy and institutional issues are complicatedCurrent approach is sectoral and fragmentedFinancing is poor and options are expensive
8 Where Are We Headed? Decreasing per-capita availability Degrading water qualityIncreasing competition/conflict within sectors and within societyUrban versus agricultureHaves versus have notsUpstream versus downstreamNational versus internationalIncreasing competition/conflict with the environment
9 Water as a Global IssueWater crisis has steadily moved up the global agendaThe process is driven bywater-related health impacts,rapid industrialization,water security, andawakening environmental consciousness
10 The Paradigm Shift The Dublin principles (1992) Water is a single, finite resourceWater management and development should include stakeholdersWater is an economic goodWomen play a central role in management and conservation of waterThe Dublin Principles have served as guide for the global water dialogue
11 Key Water Challenges and Needs Integrated management of waterWater resources economicsPolitical economy of waterWater supply and sanitation servicesIrrigation/drainageNRM and environmentWater pricing and cost recoveryWater entitlement and rightsWater users empowermentSharing of water and its benefitsCooperation and conflict resolutionEnergy
12 MDGs … a starting point Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2. Achieve universal primary educationGoal 3. Promote gender equality and empower womenGoal 4. Reduce child mortalityGoal 5. Improve maternal healthGoal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesGoal 7. Ensure environmental sustainabilityGoal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development
13 Approaches to Water Management Ad hocEconomic Analysis -- Single Project or BasinMulti-Objective PlanningComprehensive Multi-Purpose River Basin Planning and ManagementStrategic Planning and Implementation through IWRM
14 The Water Balancing Act DemandIncreasing in all sectorsInefficient useSupplyQuantity (Natural Scarcity,Groundwater Depletion)Quality DegradationCost of OptionsIWRM
15 Integrated Water Resources Management A systematic process for linking water and water-related policy, objectives, and uses to improve decision making in:operation and management of natural resources and environmental systems;design and implementation of programs and policies.A coordinating framework for integrating sectoral needs, water and water-related policy, resource allocation, and management within the context of social, economic, and environmental development objectives.
16 Why IWRM? Globally accepted and makes good sense. Key element in national water policy.Incorporates social and environmental considerations directly into policy and decision making.Directly involves the stakeholders.Is a tool for optimizing investments under tight financing climate.
17 Schematic of the IWRM Process CountryDevelopment ObjectivesStakeholder InputDonor InputOther InputSchematic of the IWRM ProcessKey Water & Water-related Policies/Inst.Resources Assessment & AnalysisUse Assessment & AnalysisReview & EvaluationResource Allocation StrategyImplementation & MonitoringResource Development & Management Plan
18 IWRM can be characterized as: A process, not a productScale independent - applies at all levels of developmentA tool for self assessment and program evaluationA tool for policy, planning, and managementA mechanism for evaluating competing demands, resource allocation, and tradeoffs
20 Water Resources Development : The IWRM Process ProsperityGovernanceHealthWater QualityWater SupplyFloods/DroughtsEnergyAgricultureIndustryPollutionPrevCoastal Mgt.Ecosystem Mgt.ActivitySectors(water uses)SocialDevelopmentEconomicEnv.ProtectionObjectivesPolicy/Inst.FrameworkManagementInstitutionsFeedbackIWRMWater and waterrelated policies review and revisionIWRMResource development, management, monitoring, and evaluationIWRMResource availability/use analysis and allocation
21 «Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия» Thank you for your attentiopn !Questions?Why IWRM and What it Means25th of June, 2013Eng. Ahmed Abou elseoudSenior Water Resources Management Expert«Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия»